1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Cerastium Dill. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or, rarely, subshrubs
    Stem
    Stems simple or branched
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, flat or rarely subulate, entire, exstipulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, dichotomous, often umbelliform occasionally with solitary flowers; bracts herbaceous or membranous
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, tetramerous or pentamerous
    Calyx
    Sepals free, with membranous margins
    Corolla
    Petals white, emarginate or bifid, sometimes absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 + 5, or fewer by reduction
    Pistil
    Styles usually 4–5, ovules numerous
    Fruits
    Capsule cylindric, often curved, longer than the sepals, with 8 or 10 teeth which are equal, short, erect or revolute.
    [FZ]

    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, rarely small shrubs.
    Stem
    Stems simple or dichotomously branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, sessile or subsessile, flat or rarely subulate, entire, exstipulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, dichotomous, often umbelliform, occasionally with solitary flowers; bracts herbaceous or with membranous margins.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, 4-merous or 5-merous.
    Calyx
    Sepals free with membranous margins.
    Corolla
    Petals white, emarginate or bifid, sometimes absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 + 5 or fewer by reduction.
    Pistil
    Ovary multiovulate; styles (3) 4–5, free.
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid to cylindric, often somewhat curved, longer than the persistent sepals, or rarely as long as the sepals, opening by 6–10 apical, equal, short, erect or revolute teeth.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± numerous, laterally somewhat flattened, discoid or reniform, granular or verrucose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Ascension, Bermuda, Chatham Is., Crozet Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Florida, Haiti, Honduras, Juan Fernández Is., Kerguelen, Kermadec Is., Macquarie Is., Marion-Prince Edward, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Pitcairn Is., Rhode I., Somalia, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Tubuai Is.

    Cerastium Dill. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sanford, W.W. [5415], Cameroon K000106593

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 438 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 140.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 199 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 437 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 199 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 437 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0