1. Family: Liliaceae Juss.
    1. Lilium Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to N. Philippines.

    [FTEA]

    Liliaceae, John Grimshaw, D. Phil. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with an annual shoot arising from a many-scaled bulb; bulbs made of overlapping, fleshy scales, with strong perennial roots; stem erect, unbranched, leafy, sometimes producing roots at the base
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous, verticillate or scattered, usually decreasing in size up the stem, linear or lanceolate, occasionally broader
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, a raceme, or with solitary flowers
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, subtended by bracts, nodding to erect, funnel-shaped, cup-shaped, bowl-shaped or bell-shaped, often with the perianth segments somewhat or greatly reflexed
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 6, petaloid and showy, free, caducous, each with a basal nectary-furrow, sometimes papillose on inner surface, occasionally hairy externally
    Stamens
    Anthers large, epipeltate or pseudobasifixed, versatile; filaments in two whorls, inserted at base of perianth segments, filiform to slightly flattened, bearing anthers at the mouth of the flower or greatly exserted from it
    Ovary
    Ovary superior, 3-lobed
    Pistil
    Style long, stigma 3-lobed (sometimes obscurely so)
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule, bearing seeds in 2 rows within each locule
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, flat but not winged.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil Southeast, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Costa Rica, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sweden, Tanzania, Tunisia, Utah, Victoria, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lilium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    33943.000
    33990.000
    Nomocharis 34383.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 302 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • McRae, Lilies: 1–392 (1998)
    • Synge, Lilies: 1–276 (1980)
    • Woodcock & Stearn, Lilies of the World: 1–431 (1950)
    • Elwes, Monogr. Genus Lilium 1–83 (1877–1880)
    • Gen Pl. 5th ed.: 143 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 302 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0