1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Parietaria L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, West Himalaya, Africa, Southern America, Northern America, Norfolk Island and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, polygamous
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire, cystoliths dot-like; stipules absent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of paired sessile or shortly pedunculate clusters in leaf-axils; bracts sometimes very prominent
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual or unisexual Hermaphrodite flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free. Male flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free; rudimentary ovary present. Female flowers: with ± tubular, 3- or 4-lobed perianth, stigma sessile, penicillate, decidous, ovary symmetrical
    Hermaphrodite
    Hermaphrodite flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free.
    Male
    Male flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free; rudimentary ovary present.
    Female
    Female flowers: with ± tubular, 3- or 4-lobed perianth, stigma sessile, penicillate, decidous, ovary symmetrical
    Fruits
    Achene enclosed in persistent perianth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Namibia, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Primorye, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Brazil Northeast, Denmark, Haiti, Jamaica, New Caledonia, Poland, St.Helena, Sweden

    Parietaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 296.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hutch., G. F. P. 2: 193 (1967)
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 115 (1888)
    • G. P. 3: 392 (1880)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5.: 471 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0