1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Moquilea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [KBu]

    Sothers, C. A., Prance, G. T., Chase, M. W. 2016. Towards a monophyletic Licania: a new generic classification of the polyphyletic Neotropical genus Licania (Chrysobalanaceae). Kew Bulletin 71:58. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9664-3.

    Habit
    Trees
    Leaves
    Leaf lower surface glabrous or lanate, never with stomatal cavities
    Petiole
    Petiole with or without glands
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence panicles, racemes or racemose panicles
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles small
    Corolla
    Petals 4 – 5
    Stamens
    Stamens 11 – 60 (– 90), in 1 – several rows (as in Couepia), inserted in a complete circle; filaments glabrous, usually far exceeding calyx lobes, less frequently only slightly exceeding or rarely equalling the calyx lobes, free or slightly united at base
    Ovary
    Ovary lanate, tomentose or pilose, inserted at base of receptacle
    Fruits
    Fruit globose to ellipsoid, to 11 – 15 × 10 cm, epicarp glabrous, smooth, lenticellate, crustaceous or pubescent; endocarp glabrous or sparsely pubescent within
    Distribution
    A genus with 54 species distributed from Mexico, Central America (Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica), the Leeward and Windward Islands, and throughout South America (Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil).
    Note
    Bentham (1840) maintained Moquilea as a distinct genus and stated that it had similar flowers to Chrysobalanus (all fertile stamens and in a complete circle), differing mostly in the inflorescence type. Moquilea shares several morphological characters with Couepia, such as number of stamens, exserted stamens, and leaf pilosity, but differs in the placement of the ovary. Moquilea is retrieved as sister to Couepia in all our analyses (combined, plastid, ITS and Xdh) and in a separate lineage from Licania s.s., Leptobalanus, Hymenopus and Chrysobalanus. It appears in two lineages (M. egleri and M. minutiflora distinct from the rest of Moquilea) but morphologically they are not distinguishable and so we have maintained them as Moquilea pending further analyses.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Moquilea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 521 (1775)

    Not accepted by

    • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2 Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [Cited as Licania.]

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0