1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Dracaena Vand. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs, sometimes scandent, or herbs; roots often orange
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, distichous or spirally arranged, sometimes in pseudo-whorls, sessile, the base often (semi-)amplexicaul; primary venation parallel
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually a terminal panicle, occasionally appearing racemose by reduction of primary branches; pedicel of a peg-like basal part crowned by a distinct joint, and an obconical receptacle, persistent in fruit
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant, nocturnal; tubular, with 6 recurving lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat, with inflated filaments; anthers versatile, opening by lateral slits
    Style
    Style filiform
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, 1–3-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds rounded, bony, white.
    Distribution
    At least 60 species, mainly in Africa and SE Asia.
    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Note
    {i}Sansevieria {/i}has been variously spelled as {i}Sanseviera{/i}, {i}Sanseverinia {/i}or {i}Sanseverina {/i}in early publications, but the name {i}Sansevieria {/i}was conserved in 1904 by Harms (Marais, 1973).
    Habit
    Acaulescent to shrubby, evergreen, fleshy, very drought-hardy perennials; strongly rhizomatous and forming colonies; glabrous in all parts
    Stem
    Stem absent or present and to 1.5 m high; rhizomes subterranean, on surface or aerial, terete, thick, fibrous, articulated, bearing strongly clasping catapylls
    Roots
    Roots sometimes produced from undersurface of aerial shoots
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, rosulate, distichous or spiral, one to many, flat, crescentic to cylindrical, most with a groove on adaxial side; concolorous or with irregular transverse colour bands; lamina edge fibrous, variously coloured; apex subulate, horny, sharp or with a fragile spine; juvenile leaves flat or crescentic (even for cylindrical-leafed species), thin to thick, succulent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spikelike raceme, a panicle or corymbose-capitate, usually terminal, but a few lateral
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–2 or more per cluster, subsessile, in irregular clusters along the scape, opening haphazardly above and below, opening towards evening and for one night only, scented; with one or two major membraneous or thin scaly bract(s) subtending each cluster, one per flower
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish white to pinkish green; tube cylindric, glabrous; segments 6, subequal, spreading, linear; stamens 6, inserted at the base of the perianth-lobes; filaments filiform, usually longer than the lobes; anthers versatile, linear-oblong, dorsifixed, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior, free, globose, 3celled; ovules erect, solitary in each of the three chambers; style long, filiform; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, membranous, soon bursting; seeds 1–3, globose; testa lax, fleshy; embryo straight, placed near the base of the albumen.
    Distribution
    A genus of about 50 species from Africa, Madagascar and Arabia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Panamá, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Cape Verde

    Introduced into:

    Ascension, Azores, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Is., Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Haiti, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Marianas, Marshall Is., Nauru, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Puerto Rico, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Wake I., Windward Is.

    Dracaena Vand. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cameroon 34546.000
    Meikle, R.D. [782], Nigeria 34228.000
    Raynal, J. [16968], Irian Jaya K000203787
    Du Puy, B. [MB148], Madagascar 56378.000
    Cheek, M. [7174], Cameroon K000025662
    Etuge, M. [1380], Cameroon K000025667
    Guppy, H.B. [240], Solomon Is. K000203793
    Ekema, N. [1191], Cameroon K000865035
    Nguembock, F. [29b], Cameroon K000865027
    Sansevieria 37982.000
    Deighton, F.C. [5720], Ghana Sansevieria 34695.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [162], Ghana Sansevieria 22190.000
    Tanner, R. [1108], Tanzania Sansevieria 19027.000
    Pecke, E.F. [8207], Somalia Sansevieria 18171.000
    Codd, L.E. [5557], South Africa Sansevieria 19031.000
    Bally [14542], Tanzania Sansevieria 44061.000
    Timberlake, J. [5337], Malawi Sansevieria K000614682

    First published in Mant. Pl.: 9 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 436.
    • Diss. (1762)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bos in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 240 (1998)
    • L., Mant. Pl. I: 63 (1767)
    • L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12, II: 246 (1767)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0