1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Arundo L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Temp. E. Asia and Philippines.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short (1), or elongated (2). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1); reed-like; 50-216.6-600 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/2), or ample (1/2). Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (2), or lanceolate (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (1), or contracted. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets, or 3-5 fertile florets (2), or 6-7 fertile florets (1); with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 6-9.5-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; glabrous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets, or 3-5 fertile florets (2), or 6-7 fertile florets (1); with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 6-9.5-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; glabrous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (1). Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2). Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.083-1.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (2), or 8-9 -veined (1). Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate (2); 2 -fid (2/2); acute (1/1), or acuminate (1/1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2). Principal lemma awn apical (1), or from a sinus (2). Palea 0.5-0.6333-0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels eciliate (2), or ciliolate (1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid (1/1). Embryo 1 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
    Distribution
    Europe (2), or Africa (2), or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia (2), or Australasia (1), or Pacific (1), or North America (1), or South America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, France, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Illinois, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Namibia, Nauru, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sumatera, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is.

    Arundo L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5017], Nepal K001104512
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5017], India K001104513
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5018], India K001104517
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5018], Nepal K001104518
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5020], Nepal K001104521
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5021], Myanmar K001104522
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5022], Myanmar K001104525
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 5017], India K001104511
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5021] K001104523
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5021] K001104524
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5019] K001104520
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104507
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104508
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104509
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104510
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104514
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104515
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104516
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104519

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 81 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Hardion, L., Verlaque, R., Baumel, A., Juin, M. & Vila, B. (2012). Revised systematics of Mediterranean Arundo (Poaceae) based on AFLP fingerprints and morphology Taxon 61: 1217-1226.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0