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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Temp. E. Asia and Philippines.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes short (1), or elongated (2). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1); reed-like; 50-216.6-600 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/2), or ample (1/2). Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (2), or lanceolate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (1), or contracted. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets, or 3-5 fertile florets (2), or 6-7 fertile florets (1); with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 6-9.5-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; glabrous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets, or 3-5 fertile florets (2), or 6-7 fertile florets (1); with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 6-9.5-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; glabrous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (1). Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2). Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.083-1.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (2), or 8-9 -veined (1). Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate (2); 2 -fid (2/2); acute (1/1), or acuminate (1/1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2). Principal lemma awn apical (1), or from a sinus (2). Palea 0.5-0.6333-0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels eciliate (2), or ciliolate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid (1/1). Embryo 1 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
Distribution
Europe (2), or Africa (2), or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia (2), or Australasia (1), or Pacific (1), or North America (1), or South America (1).

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tall rhizomatous perennial reed; leaves cauline; ligule membranous with minutely ciliolate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle large, plumose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes as long as the spikelet, 3- to 5-nerved; floret-callus short, glabrous; lemmas membranous, 3- to 7-nerved, plumose below the middle, entire or 2-toothed, with a short straight awn from between the teeth.
Distribution
Five species from the Mediterranean region to China, widely introduced elsewhere.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, France, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Illinois, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Namibia, Nauru, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sumatera, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is.

Arundo L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104510
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5017], India K001104513
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5019] K001104520
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104515
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104519
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5018], India K001104517
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5022], Myanmar K001104525
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5018] K001104516
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5018], Nepal K001104518
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5020], Nepal K001104521
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104508
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104507
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 5017], India K001104511
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5021], Myanmar K001104522
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5017], Nepal K001104512
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104509
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5021] K001104523
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5021] K001104524
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5017] K001104514

First published in Sp. Pl.: 81 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hardion, L., Verlaque, R., Baumel, A., Juin, M. & Vila, B. (2012). Revised systematics of Mediterranean Arundo (Poaceae) based on AFLP fingerprints and morphology Taxon 61: 1217-1226.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0