1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Gossypium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Small trees, shrubs, shrublets or perennial herbs dotted everywhere with black oil-glands.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 1-several-flowered sympodial inflorescences.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 3 usually foliaceous and persistent bracts.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform, truncate.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3–5-locular; style clavate (with coherent stigmas) rarely slightly divided at the tip.
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidally dehiscent; loculi several (rarely 2)-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds usually with floss (or lint) and often also with fuzz (a shorter denser indumentum), sometimes nearly glabrous.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: n=13 or 26.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Shrubs or subshrubs, erect or decumbent to prostrate, or small to medium-sized trees, usually ± punctate throughout
    Leaves
    Leaves usually entire (serrate in one species), shallowly lobulate to deeply palmately 3–7-lobed, palmately or pedately 3–7-veined; foliar nectaries 1–5, abaxially on principal veins; stipules filiform, persistent or caducous
    Flowers
    Flowers borne singly or clustered on axillary pedicel or several on lateral inflorescences; pedicel usually surmounted by trimerous nectaries
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 3 bracts, usually persistent in fruit
    Calyx
    Calyx truncate, 5-toothed, or deeply 5-lobed, often prominently punctate
    Corolla
    Petals often large and showy
    Stamens
    Staminal column antheriferous throughout length or only in upper half
    Style
    Style clavate, stigmatic surfaces 3–5-lobed
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–5-locular, often prominently punctate, dehiscent and opening slightly or flaring widely
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–several per locule, usually free but sometimes ± coherent into a single unit for each locule; usually comose, sometimes minutely puberulent or glabrous, turbinate; seed hairs white to various shades of brown, copious, 1–3 cm long, usually crimped but patent in two species
    General
    Chromosome numbers: 2 n = 26, 52.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Angola, Arizona, Aruba, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Mali, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Queensland, Samoa, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tuamotu, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Wake I., Western Australia, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Ascension, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Egypt, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Italy, Jamaica, Kriti, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Maldives, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique Channel I, New Caledonia, New Mexico, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South Carolina, Spain, St.Helena, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Texas, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uzbekistan, Virginia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Zaïre

    Gossypium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Maas, P.J.M. [363], Brazil K001220099
    Dorr, L.J. [7651], Venezuela K001220100
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001220101
    s.coll. [24] K001220102
    s.coll. [41] K001220103
    s.coll. [1] K001220104
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001220105
    s.coll. [10] K001220106
    s.coll. [22] K001220107
    s.coll. [18] K001220108
    s.coll. [41] K001220109

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Roberty in Candollea 13: 9–165 (1950). (See Appendix, p. 122.)
    • Wouters in Publ. I.N.É.A.C., Sér. Sci. 34 (1948)
    • J. B. Hutchinson, Silow & Stephens, The Evolution of Gossypium (1947)
    • Roberty in Candollea 9: 19–103 (1942)
    • Watt in Kew Bull. 1927: 321–356
    • Watt in Kew Bull. 1926: 193–210
    • see also Watt, Wild & Cultivated Cotton Pl. (1907)
    • —F.T.A. 1: 210
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J. B. Hutch. in Hutch., Silow & Stephens, Evol. Gossyp.: 14 (1947).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 693 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.B. 42: 337–349 (1987)
    • L, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0