1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Gossypium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Small trees, shrubs, shrublets or perennial herbs dotted everywhere with black oil-glands.
    Flowers in 1-several-flowered sympodial inflorescences.
    Epicalyx of 3 usually foliaceous and persistent bracts.
    Calyx cupuliform, truncate.
    Ovary 3–5-locular; style clavate (with coherent stigmas) rarely slightly divided at the tip.
    Capsule loculicidally dehiscent; loculi several (rarely 2)-seeded.
    Seeds usually with floss (or lint) and often also with fuzz (a shorter denser indumentum), sometimes nearly glabrous.
    Chromosome number: n=13 or 26.

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Shrubs or subshrubs, erect or decumbent to prostrate, or small to medium-sized trees, usually ± punctate throughout
    Leaves usually entire (serrate in one species), shallowly lobulate to deeply palmately 3–7-lobed, palmately or pedately 3–7-veined; foliar nectaries 1–5, abaxially on principal veins; stipules filiform, persistent or caducous
    Flowers borne singly or clustered on axillary pedicel or several on lateral inflorescences; pedicel usually surmounted by trimerous nectaries
    Epicalyx of 3 bracts, usually persistent in fruit
    Calyx truncate, 5-toothed, or deeply 5-lobed, often prominently punctate
    Petals often large and showy
    Staminal column antheriferous throughout length or only in upper half
    Style clavate, stigmatic surfaces 3–5-lobed
    Capsule 3–5-locular, often prominently punctate, dehiscent and opening slightly or flaring widely
    Seeds 1–several per locule, usually free but sometimes ± coherent into a single unit for each locule; usually comose, sometimes minutely puberulent or glabrous, turbinate; seed hairs white to various shades of brown, copious, 1–3 cm long, usually crimped but patent in two species
    Chromosome numbers: 2 n = 26, 52.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Angola, Arizona, Aruba, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Mali, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Queensland, Samoa, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tuamotu, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Wake I., Western Australia, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Ascension, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Egypt, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Italy, Jamaica, Kriti, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Maldives, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique Channel I, New Caledonia, New Mexico, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South Carolina, Spain, St.Helena, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Texas, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Virginia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Zaïre

    Gossypium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Maas, P.J.M. [363], Brazil K001220099
    Dorr, L.J. [7651], Venezuela K001220100
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001220101
    s.coll. [24] K001220102
    s.coll. [41] K001220103
    s.coll. [1] K001220104
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001220105
    s.coll. [10] K001220106
    s.coll. [22] K001220107
    s.coll. [18] K001220108
    s.coll. [41] K001220109

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Roberty in Candollea 13: 9–165 (1950). (See Appendix, p. 122.)
    • Wouters in Publ. I.N.É.A.C., Sér. Sci. 34 (1948)
    • J. B. Hutchinson, Silow & Stephens, The Evolution of Gossypium (1947)
    • Roberty in Candollea 9: 19–103 (1942)
    • Watt in Kew Bull. 1927: 321–356
    • Watt in Kew Bull. 1926: 193–210
    • see also Watt, Wild & Cultivated Cotton Pl. (1907)
    • —F.T.A. 1: 210
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J. B. Hutch. in Hutch., Silow & Stephens, Evol. Gossyp.: 14 (1947).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 693 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.B. 42: 337–349 (1987)
    • L, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)


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