1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Melochia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Queensland and Asia-Temperate..


    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Leaves simple, irregularly crenate-serrate, 3–5(–7)-nerved from the base, petiolate, stipulate, stipules caducous or persisting
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal cymes, flowers sometimes congested; bracts conspicuous, persistent
    Flowers bisexual, distylous or homostylous, pedicellate
    Calyx campanulate, shortly 5-lobed, persistent, sometimes accrescent
    Petals 5, flattened throughout (not cucullate), without appendages, unguiculate, free or briefly adnate to the base of the staminal tube, marcescent
    Stamens 5, antepetalous, filaments united into a staminal tube; anthers 2-celled, cells parallel Staminodia absent or rarely present (outside FTEA)
    Ovary 5-celled, sessile or briefly stipitate; ovules (1–)2 per locule, superposed, anatropous, bitegmic; styles 5, free or connate at the base, filiform
    Capsule 5-valved, depressed globose or pyramidal and 5-winged, loculicidal or septicidal (or both), often surrounded by the persistent calyx and marcescent corolla.
    Seed small, ascending, obovoid with the dorsal surface rounded and two sides flattened, endospermous; embryo straight, flat, cotyledons suborbicular, subcordate
    Herbs, subshrubs, shrubs or small trees (outside FTEA), pubescent with stellate, simple, bifurcate or glandular hairs

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Herbs or shrubs.
    Leaves simple, petiolate, stipulate.
    Flowers bisexual, in terminal or axillary cymose clusters; pedicels bracteate.
    Calyx campanulate or inflated, shortly 5-lobed.
    Petals 5, usually obovate or oblong-spathulate, marcescent.
    Stamens 5, opposite the petals and sometimes coherent with them at the base; filaments more or less connate; anthers 2-thecous, thecae parallel.
    Ovary sessile or stipitate, 5-locular; ovules 2 per loculus; styles 5, free or connate at the base.
    Fruit a loculicidal 5-valved capsule; loculi 1-seeded.
    Seeds ascending; embryo straight, with some endosperm; cotyledons flat.



    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Chagos Archipelago, Gilbert Is., Hawaii, Illinois, Korea, Mauritius, Mississippi, North Carolina, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, South Carolina

    Melochia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1995 André, E.F. [128], Venezuela K001213036
    Harley, R.M. [21650], Brazil K001213024
    Harley, R.M. [54076], Brazil K001213029
    Rico, L. [1965], Dominican Republic K000478736
    Ratter, J.A. [4077], Brazil K001213053
    Sano, P.T. [14635], Brazil K001213027
    Coradin, L. [5992], Brazil K001213025
    Coradin, L. [6001], Brazil K001213028
    Carvalho, A.M. [2189], Brazil K001213041
    Sales, M. [456], Brazil K001213031
    Sales, M. [456], Brazil K001213032
    Irwin, H.S. [8520], Brazil K001213042
    Irwin, H.S. [20859], Brazil K001213043
    Irwin, H.S. [20859], Brazil K001213044
    Irwin, H.S. [19063], Brazil K001213048
    Irwin, H.S. [15004], Brazil K001213049
    Irwin, H.S. [6124], Brazil K001213050
    Heringer, E.P. [6762], Brazil K001213033
    Lima, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001213039
    Anderson, W.R. [37055], Brazil K001213026
    Wight, R. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132309
    Burchell, W.J. [s.n.], Brazil K001213051
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [547], Brazil K001213035
    Mendonça, R.C. [3811], Brazil K001213034
    Prance, G.T. [19308], Brazil K001213040
    Argent, G.C.G. [6466], Brazil K001213052
    Regnell, A.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001213037
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10883], Brazil K001213045
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10321], Brazil K001213046
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132310
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132311
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132312
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132313
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia K001132314
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001213047
    Mutis, J.C.B. [5179], Colombia K001213038
    Woolston, A.B. [1072], Paraguay K001213030

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 674 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Martins Gonçalez, V. & Lopes Esteves, G. (2015). Synopsis of Melochia L. (Byttnerioideae, Malvaceae) in southeastern Brazil Phytotaxa 226: 217-232.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 235.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 304 (1754).
    • Sp.Pl. 2: 674 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldberg, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 34(5): 191–363 (1967)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 304 (1754);
    • Sp. Pl.: 674 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.