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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World, S. Mexico to Central America, Florida to Caribbean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, with numerous translucid dots and streaks in the areoles of the venation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous, ♂ or hermaphrodite, the ♂ in axillary fascicles usually at already leafless nodes, the hermaphrodite flowers solitary, axillary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire in bud, dividing into 2(–3) segments during anthesis, ± persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4(–5–6 or more), imbricate, deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, free or joined at the base into a continuous ring
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-locular, with 2 ovules per locule, or sometimes 4-locular, with 1 ovule in each locule due to the formation of false septa; placentation basal; style very short; stigma peltate, 2–4-lobed; ovary absent or much reduced in male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, usually 1-locular by abortion but sometimes 4-celled, with 1–4 fibrous or woody 1-seeded pyrenes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, with indistinct cotyledons usually surrounded by a mostly colourless edible pulp.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, Christmas I., Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Uganda, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Ecuador, El Salvador, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

Mammea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
DuPuy, B. [MB 775], Madagascar 60958.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 512 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 1, 344 (1737).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Comm. 72 of For. Res. Inst. Indonesia: 1–63 (1961)
  • Kosterm., The genera Mammea L. and Ochrocarpos Thou. (1956)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 228 (1754)
  • Smith & Darwin in Journ. Arn. Arb. 55: 237 (1974)
  • Sp. Pl.: 512 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.