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  1. Family: Papaveraceae Juss.
    1. Fumaria Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Central Asia, Macaronesia to India, Eritrea to Malawi, SW. Arabian Peninsula.


    Fumariaceae, G. L Lucas (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1962

    Herbs usually annual, erect to long-stemmed and straggling
    Leaves cauline, 2–4-pinnatisect ; tendrils absent ; sometimes the petiolule & rhachis prehensile
    Inflorescences in leaf-opposed racemes ; bracts usually persistent
    Flowers irregular, white to pink with some or all of the 4 petals dark pink to purple at their apex
    Sepals papery
    Upper petal bears a greenish keel which is often surrounded by a thinner margin or wing ; the lower petal is never spurred and is ± spathulate
    Stamens 6, united normally into 2 bundles of 3, as in Corydalis
    Ovule 1
    Fruit a nutlet, smooth to rugose when dry.

    Fumariaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Annual herbs.
    Leaves all cauline.
    Flowers zygomorphic in leaf-opposed racemes.
    Only the upper petal spurred.
    Ovules 1 or 1 on each placenta.
    Fruit a nutlet.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Extinct in:

    Cape Verde

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Irkutsk, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Taiwan, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Fumaria Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1932], Morocco K000564884
    Rico, L. [1945], Morocco K000564873
    Rico, L. [1750], Armenia K000661662
    Rico, L. [1724], Armenia K000297249
    Meikle [2106], Cyprus 46994.000
    Meikle [2732], Cyprus 46995.000
    Meikle [2313], Cyprus 47003.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 700 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 314 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 699 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Pugsl. in J.L.S. 47 : 427 (1927)
    • Pugsl. in J.L.S. 44 : 233 (1919)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5 : 314 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. : 699 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.