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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temperate to Tropical Mountains.


Caprifoliaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small trees, shrubs or rarely perennial subshrubby herbs, mostly evil-smelling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately or bipinnately compound; leaflets usually serrate; stipules absent, small or occasionally conspicuous, sometimes reduced to clusters of glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually terminal, corymbose, cymose or thyrsoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, regular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or yellowish, rotate, the lobes imbricate or valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5; filaments slender; anthers dehiscing outwards
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3–5-locular, with a single pendulous ovule in each locule; style wanting, the stigma sessile and 3–5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry-like drupe with 3–5 1-seeded pyrenes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a membranous testa and fleshy endosperm.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madeira, Manchuria, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Falkland Is., Finland, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Norway, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Sweden, Tasmania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uzbekistan, Windward Is., Zaïre

Sambucus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 269 (1753)


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 130 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 269 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.