Skip to main content
  1. Family: Viburnaceae Raf.
    1. Sambucus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Caprifoliaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Small trees, shrubs or rarely perennial subshrubby herbs, mostly evil-smelling
    Leaves pinnately or bipinnately compound; leaflets usually serrate; stipules absent, small or occasionally conspicuous, sometimes reduced to clusters of glands
    Inflorescences usually terminal, corymbose, cymose or thyrsoid
    Flowers small, regular
    Corolla white or yellowish, rotate, the lobes imbricate or valvate
    Stamens 5; filaments slender; anthers dehiscing outwards
    Ovary 3–5-locular, with a single pendulous ovule in each locule; style wanting, the stigma sessile and 3–5-lobed
    Fruit a berry-like drupe with 3–5 1-seeded pyrenes
    Seeds with a membranous testa and fleshy endosperm.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madeira, Manchuria, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Falkland Is., Finland, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Norway, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Sweden, Tasmania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uzbekistan, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Sambucus L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 269 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 130 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 269 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.