1. Family: Myricaceae Rich. ex Kunth
    1. Myrica L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Myricaceae, R.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.d., F.L.S. and B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

    Habit
    Mostly aromatic dioecious, monoecious or polygamous evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees with terminal buds
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or coarsely toothed; stipules absent
    Perianth
    Perianth absent
    Flowers
    Male: bracts present; stamens 1–22; filaments simple or branched, arising at different levels from the staminal column Female: bracts subtending several ovaries or solitary, simple and 1-flowered; ovary glabrous or pilose and ± covered with persistent ± globose wax-secreting papillae
    Male
    Male: bracts present; stamens 1–22; filaments simple or branched, arising at different levels from the staminal column
    Female
    Female: bracts subtending several ovaries or solitary, simple and 1-flowered; ovary glabrous or pilose and ± covered with persistent ± globose wax-secreting papillae
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles present in both sexes often forming a small cup in female, persistent and not enlarging
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, either with imbricate succulent papillae or not succulent and covered with wax.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Reproductive morphology
    Female: bracts subtending several ovaries or solitary, simple and 1-flowered; bracteoles present, often forming a small cup around the base of the ovary, persistent and not enlarging; ovary glabrous or pilose and ± covered with persistent ± globose wax-secreting papillae Male: bracts present; bracteoles, if present, inconspicuous; stamens 2–22; filaments simple or branched, arising at different levels from the staminal column; occasionally with vestigial female parts.
    Note
    We are not denying the great difficulties in separating taxa, but are not convinced that the sinking of nearly all the previously recognized taxa into M. humilis is the way out of the problem. In any case the problem extends beyond Africa as anyone trying to distinguish the American M. cerifera (L.) Small from M. salicifolia will see. Ordinary methods are hardly adequate for dealing with such genera and until other methods indicate that White's results are justified we follow the previously accepted classification. White (1993) has reduced the 26 species formerly recognized from Africa to 6, but this appears to us wrong. Killick, who revised the South African species (Bothalia 10: 5–17 (1969)), agrees with us. The species are difficult, but oversimplification leads to an almost valueless classification ignoring ecology and geography. We are recognising 6 species from the Flora Zambesiaca area. About 45 species.
    Distribution
    Wilbur divides the genus into subgen. Morella “containing fewer than 10 species of eastern Asia, the Philippines and Malesia” and subgen. Cerothamnus (Tidestr.) Wilbur; the latter is divided into two series, Cerothamnus (Tidestr.) Wilbur containing Americ
    Habit
    Mostly aromatic dioecious, monoecious or polygamous evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees with terminal buds. Mostly aromatic dioecious, monoecious or polygamous evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees with terminal buds
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or coarsely toothed; stipules absent. Leaves entire or coarsely toothed; stipules absent
    Perianth
    Perianth absent. Perianth absent
    Flowers
    Male: bracts present; bracteoles, if present, inconspicuous; stamens 2–22; filaments simple or branched, arising at different levels from the staminal column; occasionally with vestigial female parts. Female: bracts subtending several ovaries or solitary, simple and 1-flowered; bracteoles present, often forming a small cup around the base of the ovary, persistent and not enlarging; ovary glabrous or pilose and ± covered with persistent ± globose wax-secreting papillae.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, either with imbricate succulent papillae or not succulent and covered with wax. Fruit drupaceous, either with imbricate succulent papillae or not succulent and covered with wax.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Angola, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, British Columbia, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Illinois, Ogasawara-shoto, Yemen

    Myrica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Moss, C.E. [6828], South Africa K000243562 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1024 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 307.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0