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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to Ethiopia.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Annual or rhizomatous or stoloniferous perennial herbs, pubescent with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves toothed to deeply lobed, at least lower petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, lobes subequal or unequal (1/4)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed, (1-2/3), pink, purple, yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, often ± arched, often densely hairy outside, anterior lip with lateral lobes short and broad with 1-2 teeth or triangular-acute, median lobe mostly b
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not or very shortly exserted from corolla, anthers hairy or glabrous, thecae weakly distinct, bearded or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes subequal or slightly unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets truncate or subtruncate at apex, glabrous.
Note
2n = (14), 18, 36.  Seventeen to c. 30 species. Many authors place the divergent L. galeobdolon (L.) L. in a separate genus, characterized by having glabrous anthers, spiny bracts and calyx lobes, with an acute rather narrow median lobe of the lower lip o
Ecology
Mainly disturbed ground, hill slopes and forests
Distribution
Temperate regions of Old World, from Europe and Northern Africa to Eastern Asia, introduced to other temperate or mountainous areas in Oceania and America

[FZ]

Illecebraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Low shrublet with stiff, erect or suberect branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite but appearing as though verticillate; stipules free, scarious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense, subsessile, axillary cymes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle cupuliform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, small, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2, like the perianth-parts perigynous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-locular with two basal ovules; style filiform, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit indehiscent, 1–2-seeded, surrounded by the persistent sepals and bracts; the rhachides of the inflorescence and lower parts of the bracts all enlarging and becoming fleshy in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a curved embryo.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Hawaii, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

Lamium L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 579 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Galeobdolon Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 190 (1763).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Lamiastrum Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 51 (1759).
  • Lamiella Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 134 (1869).
  • Lamiopsis Opiz, Seznam: 56 (1852).
  • Lamium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 579 (1753)
  • Mennema, Leiden Botanical Series 11: 1-196 (1989).
  • Orvala L., Sp. Pl.: 578 (1753).
  • Pollichia Schrank, Act. Erford. 3: 35 (1782)., (1781), non Pollichia Aiton.
  • Psilopsis Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 319 (1790), opus utique oppr.
  • Wiedemannia Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Seminum (LE) 4: 51 (1838).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0