1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Campanula L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Northern hemisphere to Tropical Mountains.


    Campanulaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or hairy
    Leaves alternate, simple
    Inflorescences panicle-, raceme-, spike- or head-like, or flowers solitary
    Calyx-lobes usually 5, sometimes with reflexed appendages in between them
    Corolla campanulate to almost rotate or cylindrical, ± deeply 5-lobed
    Stamens 5, free; filaments usually dilated and ciliate at the base
    Ovary ± inferior, 3–5-locular; ovules numerous; style eglandular, with pollen-collecting hairs in the upper part, lower part glabrous or hairy; lobes 3–5
    Capsule dehiscing by lateral pores or valves
    Seeds numerous, ± elliptic in outline.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Gulf States, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Northeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon

    Introduced into:

    Argentina South, Falkland Is., Nevada, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Prince Edward I.

    Campanula L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1912], Morocco K000564916
    Rico, L. [1960b], Morocco K000564867

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 164 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Bernini, A., Marconi, G. & Polani, F. (2002). Campanule d'Italia e dei territori limitrofi: 1-185. Univ. di Trieste, Italy.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. DC., Monogr. Camp.: 213 (1830)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 77 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 163 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0