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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, sometimes with a fusiform or tuberous rootstock, usually ± hairy, rarely glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually 2–4-pinnate, more rarely ternately decomposite, segments broad or narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre of very few bracts or absent; involucel of many narrow to broad and herbaceous bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white (rarely yellowish), usually polygamous; petals oblong or cuneate-obovate, emarginate or subentire above, with an inflexed lobule, or outer obcordate and radiant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth obsolete, or subulate and persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong to linear, slightly compressed laterally, commissure narrow, ribs 5, very obtuse, mericarps most often subterete and only rarely pentagonal in section; valleculae univittate, commissure bivittate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia small, conical, usually entire, rarely expanded into a crenate-margined disk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore simple or bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm subterete or somewhat dorsally compressed, with a deeply sulcate commissural face.
Distribution
40 species in the N temperate region; two species in Iraq.
Note
Chaerophyllum (for Greek χ άριστος, kharistos, pleasant and φύλλον, phyllon, leaf, alluding to its agreeably scented foliage); Chervil.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, ± roughly hairy, stems swollen below the nodes at maturity
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-pinnatisect with broad incised-dentate segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent; involucel of several bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or pinkish, petals obovate, entire or very shallowly emarginate, with an inflexed lobule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ribs 5, broad and flat, much wider than the univittate valleculae, commissure bivittate Fruit linear-oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, commissure narrow, hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia small, conical, stigmas sessile or on short erect styles at their tips
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore bifid at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Commissural face of endosperm deeply sulcate, dorsal surface rounded.
Note
Myrrhoides (from Myrrhis and -oides, resembling). A monotypic genus.

[FIQ]
Use
One or two species of this genus are sometimes cultivated as herbs in gardens. The Bulbous-rooted Chervil (C. bulbosum) has turnip-like roots which are eaten as a vegetable like carrots, in southern Europe. The aromatic leaves of the Common Chervil (Anthriscus cerifolium, syn. C. sativum) are used as a salad in S Russia and the Caucasus.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile South, China South-Central, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Morocco, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

British Columbia, Korea, Norway, Oregon, Québec, Washington

Chaerophyllum L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 259 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 125 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 258 (1753)

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0