1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Lepidagathis Willd.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Perennial herbs and subshrubs.
    Stem
    Stems 4-angular to subterete.
    Leaves
    Leaves evergreen or deciduous, opposite-decussate, sessile or base decurrent into petiole, blade often with minute sunken glands on lower surface; cystoliths numerous, ± conspicuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of unilateral (scorpioid) fasciculate to spiciform cymes, axillary and/or terminal, often compounded into a dense synflorescence, rarely a dichasial thyrse or flowers solitary; bract pairs equal to dimorphic, free, sterile bracts in unilateral cymes typically imbricate and subtending flowers, fertile bracts and bracteoles usually adpressed to calyx; bracteoles paired, (sub)equal, free.
    Calyx
    Calyx divided almost to base, unequally 5-lobed, posterior lobe broader than remaining lobes, anterior pair sometimes partially fused, lateral (inner) pair linear-lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Corolla bilabiate; tube cylindrical in lower portion, throat campanulate, base of throat ± densely hairy within; upper lip hooded, straight or arcuate, apex shortly bilobed or shallowly emarginate; lower lip with apex 3-lobed, palate upraised with a central furrow.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, filaments arising from near base of corolla throat; anterior pair of stamens longer, bithecous, thecae at an equal height or offset; posterior pair shorter, monothecous or bithecous.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, 1 or 2 ovules per locule; style filiform; stigma capitate-bilobed or one lobe expanded and spoon-shaped.
    Fruits
    Capsule compressed, 2-seeded, face then ovate, or 4-seeded, face then oblong-elliptic, sometimes with a short sterile apical beak, placental base inelastic.
    Seeds
    Seeds held on retinacula, discoid or flattened-triangular, clothed in hygroscopic hairs.
    Distribution
    A genus of around 100 species with a tropical and subtropical distribution.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lepidagathis Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ule, E. [5851], Brazil K001032842
    Ule, E. [9787], Peru K001032843
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132509

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 3: 400 (1800)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 5: 120.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Nees in De Candolle, Prodr. 11: 249 (1847).
    • Sp. Pl., ed.4: 400 (1800).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0