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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Leonurus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Perennial or annual herbs with simple hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves ± palmately lobed or deeply serrate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, cymes 4- to many-flowered
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile
    Bracts
    Bracts present
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx zygomorphic, often weakly so, 5-lobed, lobes subequal or unequal (3/2), spinose
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), pink, rarely white, tube annulate or rarely annulate, posterior lip long, hooded, anterior lip directed forward, rarely upwards
    Stamens
    Stamens not exserted from corolla
    Anthers
    Thecae distinct, divaricate
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal
    Fruits
    Nutlets trigonous, truncate at apex, glabrous or with eglandular hairs or sessile glands at apex.
    Note
    2n = 18, 20.  About 25 species.
    Ecology
    Stony places, forests and disturbed ground
    Distribution
    Eurasia except Arctic and desert regions, L. japonicus Houtt. is widely distributed in tropics as a weed, some other species introduced elsewhere.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Borneo, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cambodia, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, South European Russi, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Ascension, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Society Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, St.Helena, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Leonurus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 584 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Krestovskaja, Novost. Sist. Vysch. Rast. 26: 142-149 (1989) & 27: 139-144 (1990).
    • Panzeria Moench, Methodus: 402 (1794).,non Panzera Cothen. (1790)
    • Cardiaca Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754).
    • Marrubiastrum Ség., Pl. Veron. 3: 135 (1754).
    • Leonurus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 584 (1753)

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0