1. Family: Salicaceae Mirb.
    1. Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to SW. Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees; branches often spinose, trunk occasionally spinose.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, mostly crenate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–7, slightly connate at the base, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with an extrastaminal disk usually broken into free glands; stamens 15–?, anthers dorsifixed, rudiment of ovary 0. Female flowers with a usually entire or crenulate disk, ovary incompletely (2) 4–6 (10)-locular by false septa; ovules 2 per loculus one above the other; styles as many as the loculi, free or connate, persistent. Flowers dioecious, rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes or solitary.
    Fruits
    Fruit a fleshy berry with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other.
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid; cotyledons ± orbicular.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees, sometimes with spiny branches and/or trunk
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, entire or serrate-crenate, penninerved, petiolate, exstipulate
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, or rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes, sometimes reduced to a solitary flower Female flowers: sepals as in the ♂ flowers. Receptacle with an entire, crenulate or lobed disk. Ovary sessile, incompletely (2–)4–6(–8)-locular by false septa; placentas 4–8, pluri-ovulate, with 2 ovules per locule one above the other; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate, persistent; stigmas small, inflated or shortly 2-lobed Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, inserted on a receptacle which bears an extra-staminal annular disk usually broken into ± free glands; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary 0
    Calyx
    Sepals (3–)4–5(–7), slightly connate at the base, imbricate in bud
    Corolla
    Petals 0
    Male
    Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, inserted on a receptacle which bears an extra-staminal annular disk usually broken into ± free glands; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary 0
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals as in the ♂ flowers. Receptacle with an entire, crenulate or lobed disk. Ovary sessile, incompletely (2–)4–6(–8)-locular by false septa; placentas 4–8, pluri-ovulate, with 2 ovules per locule one above the other; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate, persistent; stigmas small, inflated or shortly 2-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit a fleshy drupe with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat flattened; testa crustaceous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mauritius, New Caledonia, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pennington, T.D. [14055], Ecuador 29047.772
    Pennington, T.D. [14055], Ecuador 58745.000
    Carlson, B. [73], Madagascar 63566.000

    First published in Stirp. Nov.: 59 (1786)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 120.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Stirp. Nov. 3: 59, t. 30, 31 (1786).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stirp. Nov. 3: 59, t. 30 & 30/B (1786)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0