1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Teucrium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or shrubs, often strongly aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile to petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes opposite and arranged in a raceme-like manner
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, subequally 5-lobed to 2-lipped, persistent and sometimes accrescent in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla tube short and hairy in the throat, split dorsally to near base of tube giving a 1-lipped appearance; lip 5-lobed with the middle lobe largest
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, ascending, arched out from the split corolla; anthers with thecae divergent, confluent to such an extent that the thecae are hard to distinguish
    Disc
    Disk indistinct to well developed
    Ovary
    Ovary shallowly 4-lobed; style subterminal, ± equalling filaments, bifid with equal or unequal lobes
    Fruits
    Nutlets obovoid to rounded, sometimes pubescent, with attachment scar covering 1/3– 2/3 of proximal side
    Seeds
    Seeds usually with endosperm.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    General
    Perennial herbs with few stems arising from a woody rhizome
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, decussate Leaves opposite, decussate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, thyrsoid with cymes opposite and arranged in a raceme-like manner Inflorescence terminal, thyrsoid with cymes opposite and arranged in a raceme-like manner.
    Distribution
    A genus of about 300 species, largely in the temperate areas of the world, concentrated in the Mediterranean region, but also found in the New World, Australia and South Africa.
    Habit
    Perennial herbs with few stems arising from a woody rhizome.
    Flowers
    Flowers non-resupinate. Flowers non-resupinate
    Calyx
    Calyx green, campanulate, 5-lobed, persistent and slightly accrescent in fruit; lobes lanceolate. Calyx green, campanulate, 5-lobed, persistent and slightly accrescent in fruit; lobes lanceolate
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube short with a pubescent annulus at throat, split dorsally to near base of tube giving a 1-lipped appearance; lobes 5, all on anterior side, with the anterior lobe cucullate, elliptic, longer than the others; lateral and posterior lobes rounded. Corolla white; tube short with a pubescent annulus at throat, split dorsally to near base of tube giving a 1-lipped appearance; lobes 5, all on anterior side, with the anterior lobe cucullate, elliptic, longer than the others; lateral and posterior lobes rounded
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, attached to corolla tube, parallel, ascending, arched, exserted from split corolla, pubescent at base; anthers with thecae divergent, confluent to such an extent that the separate thecae are hard to distinguish. Stamens 4, attached to corolla tube, parallel, ascending, arched, exserted from split corolla, pubescent at base; anthers with thecae divergent, confluent to such an extent that the separate thecae are hard to distinguish
    Ovary
    Ovary hairy, 2 carpellate, each carpel divided into 2 loculi; ovules one per locule. Ovary hairy, 2 carpellate, each carpel divided into 2 loculi; ovules one per locule
    Disc
    Disk indistinct. Disk indistinct
    Style
    Style subterminal, ± equalling filaments, bifid with equal lobes. Style subterminal, ± equalling filaments, bifid with equal lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit 4-lobed eventually splitting into 4 dry reticulate mericarps each containing a seed; mericarps conspicuously scarred with a areole where previously fused, pubescent at apex. Fruit 4-lobed eventually splitting into 4 dry reticulate mericarps each containing a seed; mericarps conspicuously scarred with a areole where previously fused, pubescent at apex
    Seeds
    Seeds albuminous. Seeds albuminous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf States, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madeira, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Azores, New Caledonia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Virginia

    Teucrium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 562 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Harley et al. in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 201 (2004).
    • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 201 (2004).
    • F.S.A. 28 , 4: 9 (1985).
    • in F.S.A. 28, 4: 9 (1985).
    • Bothalia 12 : 177 (1977)
    • Codd in Bothalia 12: 177 (1977)
    • Fl. Cap. 5 , 1: 384 (1910).
    • Skan in Fl. Cap. 5, 1: 384 (1910).
    • F.T.A. 5 : 500 (1900).
    • J.G. Baker in F.T.A. 5: 500 (1900).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 247 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 562 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 201 (2004)
    • Edinb. J. Bot. 55: 209–220 (1998)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 247 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 562 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0