1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ipomoea L.
      1. Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D. et al. 2015. Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia. Kew Bulletin 70: 31. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9592-7

    Habit
    Twining annual herb, stems pilose
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 3 – 8 (– 15) × 3.5 – 8 (– 14) cm, ovate (rarely 3-lobed to half way), shortly acuminate, cordate with rounded auricles, both surfaces thinly to densely hispid-pilose; petioles 3 – 15 cm, pilose
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 2 – 5-flowered, pedunculate, axillary cymes, often umbellate in form; peduncles 1.5 – 7 cm, pubescent; bracteoles 2 – 8 mm, filiform, relatively persistent, pedicels 0.5 – 1.8 cm, pubescent but pilose apically; sepals subequal, 11 – 17 × 2 – 3 mm, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate to subobtuse, hispid-pilose, more densely so in lower half, inner sepals with scarious margins; corolla 4 – 5 cm, funnel-shaped, tube white, limb usually pink, sometimes cream or bluish, glabrous, 4 cm diam., unlobed
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 9 – 11 mm, glabrous, 6-seeded; seeds 5 mm long, appearing glabrous but minutely tomentellous under a microscope
    Ecology
    Widely distributed throughout the tropics as an escape from cultivation or as a weed. There are more than 60 records from Bolivia but it is only commonly naturalised in the Inter-Andean dry valleys where it is frequent around villages between around 1000 m and 2800 m. There are a few records from the La Paz area at higher altitudes and a scattering from villages in the drier lowlands but it is not common in these areas. Map 17.
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC).
    Note

    The protogue of Pharbitis diversifolia suggests that the 3-lobed leaves are found on plants which also have entire leaves. This may sometimes be the case but the type material consists of two specimens, one labelled Mathews 2050 from Peru, with 3-lobed leaves clearly corresponding to the illustration in the Botanical Register while a second specimen with entire leaves presumably represents the material collected by Dickson in Mexico. The lectotypification above excludes this Mexican material with entire leaves.

    Like many annuals, this species flowers predominantly in late summer at the end of the rainy season from February to June. Occasional records are known from other months but these are atypical.

    Ipomoea purpurea is sometimes confused with I. nil but can usually be distinguished by the shorter oblong-lanceolate sepals, pink flowers and unlobed leaves. However flower colour is variable and very rarely lobed-leaved specimens are encountered. Specimens with lobed leaves can be named:

    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Annual herb.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous or bristly-pubescent, trailing or twining.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade ovate, entire or 3-lobed, 7.5 cm. long and wide, acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, glabrous or pubescent; petiole 7.5–9 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 12 cm. long; pedicels 1.3–2.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals lanceolate, 1.3–1.6 cm. long, 1.5–4.5 mm. wide, usually not conspicuously attenuated at the apex, bristly below, finely pubescent all over.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pink or magenta; tube white below, 4.5 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 1.1 cm. in diameter, glabrous, 3-locular.
    Habitat
    Established on waste and cultivated ground; 900–1750 m.
    Distribution
    K4 T2 T3 U4 probably occurs throughout tropical Africanative of South America now widely naturalized in the tropics
    [FZ]

    Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Ornamental herbaceous annual.
    Stem
    Stems trailing or twining, glabrous or with short hairs mixed with longer retrorse bristles.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina ovate to subcircular in outline, entire or 3-lobed, 4–16 × 3–15 cm., the base cordate with broadly rounded auricles, the apex acuminate, glabrous or pubescent; petiole 6·5–15 cm. long, retrorsely hirsute.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 15 cm. long; pedicels shortly hairy or with a few bristles, 8–15 mm. long; Sepals unequal, 10–15 mm. long, accrescent up to 20 mm. long in fruit; outer ones oblong, acute with bristly patent hairs in basal portion; inner ones with narrow scarious margins, linear-oblong to linear, acute with a few bristles near the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, white, pink or magenta 4·5–6 cm. long; tube white below.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, glabrous or very shortly pubescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Thailand

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Greece, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Illinois, India, Iran, Italy, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Mauritius, Michigan, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Philippines, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sicilia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Recorded in error in:

    Paraguay

    Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 20, 2012 Burchell [1235], Brazil K000944534
    Oct 20, 2012 s.coll. [s.n.] K000944533
    Jul 14, 2003 Clarke, C.B. [41307], Nagaland K000830827 Unknown type material
    Aug 24, 1994 Hoehne, W. [5497], Brazil K000944537
    Jan 1, 1979 Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000395036
    Oct 22, 1897 Gerrard, W. T. [620], South Africa K000097285 Unknown type material
    Hinton, G.B. [8413], México State K000465250
    Hinton, G.B. [8454], México State K000465251
    Hinton, G.B. [6511], México State K000465252
    Hinton, G.B. [4606], México State K000465254
    Hinton, G.B. [1820], México State K000465253
    Hinton [5414], México State K000465255
    Hinton [5414], México State K000465256
    Baron, R. [2179], Madagascar K000384574
    Baron, R. [2178], Madagascar K000384576
    Cardoso, J. [197], Cape Verde K001134260
    Hodgkin, H.T. [s.n.], Madagascar K000384575
    Macedo, A. [4153], Brazil K000944535
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 528], Great Britain K000914311
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000944536
    Misit, Roger [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134261
    Hinton, G.B. [8455], México State Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465239
    Hinton, G.B. [8416], México State Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465240
    Hinton, G.B. [8196], México State Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465241
    Hinton, G.B. [8415], México State Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465242
    Hinton, G.B. [12259], Michoacán Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465245
    Hinton, G.B. [12662], Michoacán Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465247
    Hinton, G.B. [11509], Michoacán Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465248
    Hinton, G.B. [593], México State Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465249
    Hinton, G.B. [9664], Guerrero Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465243
    Hinton, G.B. [9694], Guerrero Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465244
    Hinton, G.B. [9639], Guerrero Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia K000465246

    First published in Bot. Abh. Beobacht.: 27 (1787)

    Accepted by

    • Vladimirov, V. & al. (2016). New floristic records in the Balkans: 29 Phytologia Balcanica 22: 93-123.
    • Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D., Wilkin, P., Williams, B. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 70(31): 1-124.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
    • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Spaulding, D. in Spaulding, D. (2013). Convolvulaceae Checklist of Alabama's vascular flora: 137-139.
    • Press, J.R., K.K. Shrestha, & D.A. Sutton (2012). Nepal Cklist. Convolvulaceae Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal - online Natural History Museum et al.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Bhellum, B.L. & Magotra, R. (2011). Flora of Jammu and Kashmir state (family Convolvulaceae): a census Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 35: 732-736.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Bianchini, R.S., Ferreira, P.P.A. in Forzza, R.C. et al. (2010). Convolvulaceae Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.
    • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
    • Carranza, E. (2007). Convolvulaceae I, in Fl. Bajío Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes 151: 1-129.
    • Jarvis, C.E. in Jarvis, C.E. (2007). Convolvulaceae Order out of Chaos Linnean Soc. London & Nat. Hist. Museum.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Kress, W.J., R.A. DeFilipps, E. Farr, & Y.Y. Kyi in Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Cklist. Myanmar Convolvulaceae Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 197-201. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Nowroozi, M. in Assadi, M. & Khatamsaz, M. (2002). Convolvulaceae Fl. Iran Flora of Iran 40: 1-110. Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Austin, D.F. in Stevens, W.D. & al. (eds.) (2001). Convolvulaceae Flora de Nicaragua 1: 653-679. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Liogier, H.A. & L.F. Martorell in Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis: 162-167. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Convolvulaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 834-862. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Austin, D.F. in Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, & S.H. Sohmer (1999). Man. Fl. Plts. Hawai'I Convolvulaceae Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'I 1: 548-564. University of Hawaii Press.
    • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • McDonald, Andrew (1994). Convolvulaceae Flora de Veracruz 77: 1-133. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos, Xalapa, Veracruz.
    • Kartesz, J.T. in Kartesz, J.T. (1994). Convolvulaceae A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland: 217-221. Timber Press.
    • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
    • Turland, N.J. in Press, J.R. & Short, M.J. (eds.) (1994). Convolvulaceae Flora of Madeira: 266-271. HMSO.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 88-93.
    • McPherson, G. [w/ D.F. Austin] in Braco, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Convolvulaceae Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru: 365-374. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Dempster, L. T. in Hickman, J. C. (ed.) (1993). Convolvulaceae The Jepson Manual, higher plants of Cilfornia: 516-522. Univ. California Press.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1992). Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 37: 21-125.
    • Austin, D.F. (1990). Comments on southwestern United States Evolvulus and Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) Madrono 37: 124-132.
    • Austin, D.F. (1990). Annotated checklist of New Mexican Convolvulaceae Sida 14: 273-286.
    • Webb, C.J., W.R. Sykes, & P.J. Garnock-Jones (1988). Fl. New Zealand Convolvulaceae - naturalised Flora of New Zealand 4: 547-560+1289. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    • Khan, M.S. (1985). Fl. Bangladesh Convolvulaceae Flora of Bangladesh 30: 1-59. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Austin, D. F. (1982). Flora of Ecuador 15: 3-99. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
    • Austin, D.F. & Cavalcante, P.B. (1982). Convolvuláceas da Amazônia Publicações Avulsas do Museo Goeldi 36: 1-134.
    • Austin, D.F. in Lasser, T. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora de Venezuela 8(3): 15-226. Fundación Educación Ambiental.
    • Martin, W.C. & C.R. Hutchins in Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins (1981). Convolvulaceae A flora of New Mexico 2: 1546-1569.
    • Austin, D.F. in Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon Convolvulaceae A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 288-363. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Wiggins, I.L. in Wiggins, I.L. (1980). Convolvulaceae Flora of Baja California: 373-385. Stanford Univ. Press.
    • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
    • Scoggan, H.J. in Scoggan, H.J. (1979). Convolvulaceae The Flora of Canada 4: 1253-1257. National Museum of Natural Sciences.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1978). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': IV Kew Bulletin 33: 159-168.
    • Austin, D.F. (1975). Convolvulaceae Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 157-224.
    • Grigor'ev, Y.S. (1974). Convolvulaceae Flora of the USSR 19: 3-30. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Standley, P.C. & Williams, L.O. (1970). Convolvulaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series 24 (9: 1,2): 4-85. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • O'Donell, C.A. (1959). Convolvuloideas de Uruguay Lilloa 29: 349-376. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Instituto 'Miguel Lillo'.
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. in Leon, H. (1957). Convolvulaceae Flora de Cuba 4: 218-248. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Fernald & Rollins in Fernald, M.L. with R. C. Rollins (1950). Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th edition: 1177-1185. Dioscorides Press.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Kanjilal, U.N., A. Das, P.C. Kanjilal, & R.E. De (eds.) (1939). Fl. Assam Convolvulaceae Flora of Assam 3: 338-362+538. Govt. of Assam.
    • Standley, P. C. (1938). Convolvulaceae Publications of Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 18(3): 960-974.
    • Baker, J.G. & C.H. Wright in Thiselton Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1904). Convolvulaceae Flora Capensis 4(2): 45-87.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.
    • Eggers, H.F.A. in Eggers, H.F.A. (1879). Convolvulaceae The flora of St Croix and the Virgin Islands: 70-73. US Government Printing Office.
    • Gray, A. in Gray, A. (1878). Convolvulaceae Synoptical Flora of North America, edit. 1 2(2): 207-224, 394.
    • Meisner, C.F. in Martius, C.F.P.von & auct. suc. (eds.) (1869). Convolvulaceae Flora Brasiliensis 7: 199-370.
    • Grisebach, A.H.R. in Grisebach, A. H. R. (1862). Convolvulaceae Flora of the British West Indian Isands: 466-476. Lovell Reeve.

    Not accepted by

    • Standley, P. C. (1938). Convolvulaceae Publications of Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 18(3): 960-974. [Cited as Ipomoea hirsutula.]
    • Don, G. in Don, G. (1837). Convolvulaceae & Erycibe A General History of the dichlamydeous plants 4: 252-306 + 392. [Cited as Pharbitis hispida.]

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • 1953: 385.
    • 1787: 27.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D., Wilkin, P., Williams, B. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 70(31): 1-124.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Spaulding, D. in Spaulding, D. (2013). Convolvulaceae Checklist of Alabama's vascular flora: 137-139.
    • Press, J.R., K.K. Shrestha, & D.A. Sutton (2012). Nepal Cklist. Convolvulaceae Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal - online Natural History Museum et al.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Bianchini, R.S., Ferreira, P.P.A. in Forzza, R.C. et al. (2010). Convolvulaceae Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.
    • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
    • Carranza, E. (2007). Convolvulaceae I, in Fl. Bajío Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes 151: 1-129.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
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    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
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    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
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    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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