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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eurasia, N. Africa to Somalia.

[FZ]

Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial (rarely perennial) herbs, glabrous or with simple hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually yellow, pedicellate, in ebracteate racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, inner pair ± saccate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, unguiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a beaked silique with convex valves, each valve with 1 prominent vein, beak with 0–3 seeds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Cotyledons conduplicate. Seeds 1-seriate, subspherical.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or with hispidulous simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves undivided to pinnatipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes terminal, usually ebracteate, corymbiform to paniculate, with many rather large flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, connivent or spreading, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow or white, spathulate to clawed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, the lateral ones often ascending; filaments linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Lateral nectaries prismatic or reduced, median ones semiglobose to filiform, often large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindrical, sometimes on a a gynophore; stigma semi-globose to slightly bilobed; ovules numerous, usually uniseriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a siliqua, readily dehiscent, terete or slightly laterally compressed, in transverse section ± biconvex, attenuate into a conical to filiform beak with 0–3 seeds; valves rather thick, convex, with prominent midnerve and inconspicuous side-nerves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually globose, reticulate, not mucilaginous.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herbs, sometimes subshrubs, glabrous or with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves undivided to pinnatipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes usually ebracteate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rather large with yellow or white petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a siliqua with rather thick convex valves with prominent midnerve and a mostly conical beak
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds uni- or biseriate, globose, not mucilaginous.
Distribution
About 40 species, mainly in the Mediterranean Region.
Note
B. oleracea L. (cabbage, cauliflower), of European origin and with clasping or auriculate stem leaves and erect sepals, is sometimes cultivated in N Somalia. B. carinata A. Br., indigenous in Ethiopia and with ± petiolate stem leaves, may also be cultivated as a vegetable in Somalia.

[FSOM]
Use
A number of species are cultivated for their oil- or mustard-producing seeds or as vegetables.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Brassica L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • O. E. Sohulz in Engl. Pflanzenr. Crucif. 21 (1919).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 65

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 299 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 666 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by B. Jonsell [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 299 (1754)
  • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 21–84 (1919)
  • Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0