1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Brassica L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eurasia, N. Africa to Somalia.

    [FZ]

    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual or biennial (rarely perennial) herbs, glabrous or with simple hairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually yellow, pedicellate, in ebracteate racemes.
    Calyx
    Sepals erect, inner pair ± saccate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6.
    Fruits
    Fruit a beaked silique with convex valves, each valve with 1 prominent vein, beak with 0–3 seeds.
    Seeds
    Cotyledons conduplicate. Seeds 1-seriate, subspherical.
    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or with hispidulous simple hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves undivided to pinnatipartite
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, usually ebracteate, corymbiform to paniculate, with many rather large flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
    Calyx
    Sepals erect, connivent or spreading, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
    Corolla
    Petals yellow or white, spathulate to clawed
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, the lateral ones often ascending; filaments linear
    Nectaries
    Lateral nectaries prismatic or reduced, median ones semiglobose to filiform, often large
    Pistil
    Ovary cylindrical, sometimes on a a gynophore; stigma semi-globose to slightly bilobed; ovules numerous, usually uniseriate
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliqua, readily dehiscent, terete or slightly laterally compressed, in transverse section ± biconvex, attenuate into a conical to filiform beak with 0–3 seeds; valves rather thick, convex, with prominent midnerve and inconspicuous side-nerves
    Seeds
    Seeds usually globose, reticulate, not mucilaginous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Brassica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • O. E. Sohulz in Engl. Pflanzenr. Crucif. 21 (1919).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 65
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 299 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 666 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 21–84 (1919)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 299 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0