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  1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Brassica L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eurasia, N. Africa to Somalia.


    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Annual or biennial (rarely perennial) herbs, glabrous or with simple hairs.
    Flowers usually yellow, pedicellate, in ebracteate racemes.
    Sepals erect, inner pair ± saccate.
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens 6.
    Fruit a beaked silique with convex valves, each valve with 1 prominent vein, beak with 0–3 seeds.
    Cotyledons conduplicate. Seeds 1-seriate, subspherical.

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or with hispidulous simple hairs
    Leaves undivided to pinnatipartite
    Racemes terminal, usually ebracteate, corymbiform to paniculate, with many rather large flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
    Sepals erect, connivent or spreading, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
    Petals yellow or white, spathulate to clawed
    Stamens 6, the lateral ones often ascending; filaments linear
    Lateral nectaries prismatic or reduced, median ones semiglobose to filiform, often large
    Ovary cylindrical, sometimes on a a gynophore; stigma semi-globose to slightly bilobed; ovules numerous, usually uniseriate
    Fruit a siliqua, readily dehiscent, terete or slightly laterally compressed, in transverse section ± biconvex, attenuate into a conical to filiform beak with 0–3 seeds; valves rather thick, convex, with prominent midnerve and inconspicuous side-nerves
    Seeds usually globose, reticulate, not mucilaginous.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Brassica L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • O. E. Sohulz in Engl. Pflanzenr. Crucif. 21 (1919).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 65

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 299 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 666 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 21–84 (1919)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 299 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.