1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Callicarpa L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is America, W. Indian Ocean to NW. Pacific and Australia.

    [KBu]

    Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

    Type
    Type species = Callicarpa americana L.
    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, decussate, sometimes with one apparently alternate leaf1 between opposite pairs, internode length often variable petiolate or decurrent to stem
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an indeterminate thyrse with opposite dichasial cymes and occasionally alternate dichasial cymes (e.g C pentandra) dichasial cymes axillary or supra-axillary pedunculate, ramiflorous or cauliflorous subtended by leaf-like bracts
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic. Calyx cupular or ± tubular, divided into 4 – 7 lobes near the apex, persistent, sometimes remaining intact, accrescent, surrounding mature fruit, sometimes breaking open and partly falling away but subtending mature fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellow, pale blue, pink or purple, tubular, with as many lobes as calyx, lobes erect, patent, or reflexed
    Stamens
    Stamens epipetalous, inserted at or near the base of the corolla tube, part of the filament and the anther exserted or the anther exserted only, anthers with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, either ovate or elliptic, dehiscing through longitudinal slits, or oblong, dehiscing through a pore-like opening at the apex then splitting longitudinally towards the base as anther matures
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate or with 4 – 5 (7) symmetric lobes, glandular
    Ovary
    Ovary 4 – 7 celled, 1 – 2 ovules in each cell
    Fruits
    Fruit subtended by or partially to fully enclosed by persistent calyx, maturing red, white, purple or black a drupe with a fleshy exocarp over 4 – 10 (12, 14) 1-seeded pyrenes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Maryland, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Delaware, New Zealand North, Réunion

    Callicarpa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 111 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
    • Bramley, G.L. (2009). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) on Borneo Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 416-455.
    • Leeratiwong, C., Chantaranothai, P. & Paton, A.J. (2009). A synopsis of the genus Callicarpa L. (Lamiaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 36-58.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

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    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0