1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Atractantha McClure
      1. Atractantha cardinalis Judz.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; pendulous at the tip; 1000-1500 cm long; 5-13 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; dark green, or black; retrorsely scabrous; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent, or deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; 13-33 cm long; 10 times as long as wide; with basal lobes; antrorsely scabrous; glabrous; glabrous on margins; without auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 5-10 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade linear; deciduous; erect, or spreading, or reflexed; 3-13 cm long; 1-13 mm wide; attenuate. Leaves 5-13 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 3-8 mm long; pale. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Leaf-blade base cuneate, or broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.2 cm long; petiole glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 6-11 cm long; 4-8 mm wide; dark green and light green; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; paniculate; 3-6 cm long; lax; with glumaceous subtending bracts and foliaceous subtending bracts; bracts 70-200 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 29-35 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 29-35 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; subterete; 29-35 mm long; 1.8-2.3 mm wide; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface with distinct germination flap; pubescent. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Palea tightly convolute around flower; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Judziewicz 2000.
    Diagnostic
    Branches subtended by green bracts; culm-sheath girdle glabrous or bearded.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Atractantha cardinalis Judz. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2013 Calderon, C.E. [2264], Brazil K000947806
    Jun 1, 2013 Calderon, C.E. [2264], Brazil K000947807
    Jun 1, 2013 Calderon, C.E. [2264], Brazil K000947808
    Calderon, C.E. [2385], Bahia K000018834 isotype
    Calderon, C.E. [2385], Bahia K000433094 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 170 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0