1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum nigrum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia, N. & NE. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    General
    Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1. 5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent
    Branches
    Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1. 2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1. 2 × 0.3–1. 2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed Calyx 1.2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1.2 × 0.3–1.2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1. 5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1.5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments 0.3–1. 5 mm long; anthers 1. 5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong Stamen filaments 0.3–1.5 mm long; anthers 1.5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong.
    Ovary
    Ovary c.  1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous.
    Style
    Style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm
    Fruits
    Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature.
    Seeds
    Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1. 7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1.7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over.
    Note
    Chromosome number: 2n=72 Common name: "Black Nightshade." Hawkes & Edmonds in Fl. Europaea 3: 197 (1972), R.J.F. Henderson in Contr. Queensland Herb. 6: 19–25 (1974) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc. cit. (1997) recognized two subspecies, viz.: subsp. nigrum, covered with multicellular, appressed, eglandular hairs, and subsp. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, covered with denser indumentum of multicellular, spreading, mostly glandular hairs. These distinctions are not very clearly applicable everywhere. The specimens Biegel 1767 and Takaindisa 7, cited above from Zimbabwe, may prove to be Solanum tarderemotum on reconsideration.
    Ecology
    Forest, mostly at the edges, riverine vegetation, thickets, open scrub, woodland, wooded grassland, mountain slopes, floodplains, waste and cultivated ground (gardens and fields), ruderal places and waysides, in moist and dry situations; up to c. 2000 m.
    Distribution
    CPV, BOT N, BOT SW, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL S, MOZ Z, MOZ T, MOZ MS, MOZ GI, MOZ M Originally possibly from Eurasia (fide R.J.F. Henderson in tom. cit.: 27 (1974)) or from the Middle East or even India (fide Tandon & Rao in Nature 201, 4926: 1348–1349 (1964)); widely distributed from temperate to tropical regions, and with rare occurren Mozambique Zimbabwe Zambia Malawi Caprivi Strip. Botswana.
    Habit
    Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1.5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous; style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: 2n=72.
    [FWTA]

    Solanaceae, H. heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A weed 1-2 ft. or more high, sometimes cultivated
    Flowers
    Small white flowers
    Fruits
    Berries 1/4-3/4 in. diam.
    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Probably from Europe, Herb. Linnaeus 248.18 (LINN!, lecto. designated by Henderson in Contrib. Queensland Herb., 16:19 (1974))
    Habit
    Annual to perennial herb, erect, decumbent or prostrate, 0.1 to 1.1 m high, main stem sometimes woody, spreading up to 2 m;
    Stem
    Stems smooth or with inconspicuously dentate ridges, villous to glabrous with simple hairs with glandular or eglandular heads, mixed with glands, often densely leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves membranaceous, light to dark green, ovate, ovate-rhomboidal or ovate-lanceolate, rarely lanceolate, 2.5–9.5 × 1.8–6 cm, bases cuneate and decurrent, margins entire, sinuate or sinuate-dentate with a few (< 4) acute or obtuse lobes, apices acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse; surfaces pubescent or glabrescent as stems, hairs usually denser on margins, veins, midribs and on lower surfaces; petioles 0.5–4.2 cm
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences simple leafopposed to extra-axillary cymes, usually lax appearing racemose with fruiting rachis (0–)2–7 mm long, (3–)5–10-flowered; peduncles erect and 6–18 mm in flower, erecto-patent and 11–19(–30) mm long in fruit, pubescent as stems; pedicels erect and 4–8 mm long in flower, erecto-patent often becoming recurved and 8–16 mm in fruit, pubescence as stems
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, (1.5–)2–3(–4) mm long, pilose externally; lobes broadly ovate, 0.5–1.8 × 0.5–1.6 mm, obtuse, enlarging to 1.4–3 × 1.5–3 mm in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla white or tinged purple, with yellow-translucent basal star, stellate, (0.8–)1.2–1.6 cm diameter, tube 1–1.5 mm long; lobes broadly ovate, (2.7–)4–6 × (2.8–)3–4(–5) mm, spreading or reflexed after anthesis
    Filaments
    Filaments free for 1–1.5 mm, densely villous internally; anthers yellow to orange, 1.5–2.5(–2.7) × 0.6–0.8(–1) mm
    Ovary
    Ovary brownish, 0.7–2 × 0.6–2 mm, glabrous; style never geniculate, (2.4–)3–4.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, lower half shortly pilose, not or only the stigma exserted at full anthesis; stigma capitate, 0.2–0.5 mm diameter
    Fruits
    Berries dull purple to black and dull or shiny becoming dull with opaque cuticles in Flora area, sometimes greenish to yellowish-green with translucent cuticles in Eurasia, usually broadly ovoid, sometimes globose, 5–10 × 5–11 mm, basal calyx lobes adherent becoming reflexed; falling from calyces or remaining on plant when ripe
    Seeds
    Seeds (15–)26–60(–96) per berry, yellow to brown, ovoid, discoid or orbicular, (1.7–) 2–2.4 × 1.4–2 mm; sclerotic granules absent
    Figures
    Fig 17/15 & 16, p 126

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South China Sea, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Ascension, Borneo, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Jawa, Kerguelen, Maine, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Oregon, Philippines, Queensland, Québec, South Australia, South Carolina, St.Helena, Sumatera, Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, Western Australia

    Solanum nigrum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2017 Hepper, F.N. [7662], Egypt K001152178
    Jan 1, 2017 Morton, J.K. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001169707
    Jan 1, 2017 Maitland, T.D. [s.n.] K001151805
    Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [982A], Iran K001151700
    Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [1283], Saudi Arabia K001151826 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 2017 Dickson, H.V. [387], Saudi Arabia K001151827
    Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [8230], Afghanistan K001151693
    Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [7778], Afghanistan K001151695
    Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [2821], Iran K001151710
    Jan 1, 2017 Chapman, J.D. [2914], Nigeria K001169710
    Jan 1, 2017 McKee, H.S. [3794], New Caledonia K001151296
    Jan 1, 2017 Simpson, N.D. [16], Egypt K001151839
    Jan 1, 2017 Haussknecht, C. [s.n.] K001151706
    Jan 1, 2017 Miller, A.G. [6632], Oman K001151830
    Jan 1, 2017 Irvine, F.R. [3607], Nigeria K001169708
    Jan 1, 2017 Podlech, D. [19792], Afghanistan K001151698
    Jan 1, 2017 Best, E.B. [499] K001169719
    Jan 1, 2017 Dinsmore, J.E. [12102], Jordan K001151802
    Jan 1, 2017 Tengwall, T.A. [40], Turkey K001151664
    Jan 1, 2017 al-Rawi, A. [24225], Iraq K001151734
    Jan 1, 2017 Meyers, F.S. [B4102] K001151801
    Jan 1, 2017 Crisp, P. [123], Iran K001151716
    Jan 1, 2017 Macmillan, H.F. [220], Iran K001151701
    Jan 1, 2017 Murray, G.W. [2995], Egypt K001151833
    Jan 1, 2017 Breidy, J. [LEB81], Lebanon K001151806
    Jan 1, 2017 Shabetai, J.R. [265], Egypt K001151840
    Jan 1, 2017 McNeill [496], Turkey K001151662
    Jan 1, 2017 Manisadjan [981b] K001151663
    Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [s.n.] K001151803
    Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [25], Nigeria K001169711
    Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [7], Nigeria K001169712
    Jan 1, 2017 Hay, W.R. [286], Afghanistan K001151694
    Jan 1, 2017 Pierce, E. [s.n.] K001151713
    Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0102161008], Israel K001151712
    Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0101200510], Israel K001151719
    Jan 1, 2017 Davis [26067], Turkey K001151659
    Jan 1, 2017 Davis [47039], Turkey K001151660
    Jan 1, 2017 Singer, A. [Soni0301080507], Israel K001151804
    Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [300], Iran K001151715
    Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [337], Iran K001151717
    Jan 1, 2017 Mashaly, I. [20191], Egypt K001151718
    Jan 1, 2017 Monier Abd El Ghani [4552], Egypt K001151814
    Jan 1, 2017 Swarbick, J.T. [TS2572], Nigeria K001169709
    Jan 1, 2017 Westwater, M. [192954], United Kingdom K001169720
    Jan 1, 2016 Nee, M. [30110], USA K001159700
    Jan 1, 2016 Cavalerie, J. [3815], Yunnan K001080605 isotype
    Jan 1, 2016 St John, H. [1314], Canada K001159696
    Jan 1, 2016 Curtiss, A.H. [6863], USA K001159693
    Jan 1, 2016 Raven, P.H. [2178A], USA K001159941
    Jan 1, 2016 s.coll [s.n.], Canada K001159694
    Nov 4, 2011 Day, C.D. [912], Turkey K000341505
    Mar 1, 2011 Kharkevich, S. [686], Russian Federation K000658439
    Jan 1, 1982 Teixeira, L.O.A. [724], Brazil K000903980
    Jan 1, 1973 Pabst, G.F.J. [9455], Brazil K001058408
    Nov 1, 1958 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28492], Cameroon K000028646
    Jun 28, 1905 Guillarmod, J. [138], Lesotho K000658427
    Kenya 11191.000
    Azores K000414063
    Azores K000414064
    France K000414067
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10186], Tanzania 24459.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10430], Tanzania 24528.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10440], Tanzania 24662.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2565], Zambia 35203.000
    Greenway, P.J. [10635], Tanzania 24774.000
    Summerhayes, V.S., United Kingdom 16342.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1353], United Kingdom K001151245
    Sandwith, N.Y. [3413], United Kingdom K001151223
    Hemsley, J.H. [L79], Libya K001152238
    Carr, C.E. [12935], Papua New Guinea K001153769
    Bally, P.R.O. [B12482] K001151375
    Wilson [s.n.] K001151199
    Hubbard, C.E. [3535], Australia K001153937
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151206
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151207
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151208
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151238
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151328
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151330
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151331
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151332
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151333
    Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151334
    Meikle, R.D. [2508], Cyprus K001151731
    Hinton, G.B. [399], Mexico K000063834
    Hinton, G.B. [2917], Mexico K000063835
    Hinton, G.B. [3855], Mexico K000063836
    Turrill, W.B. [30354], United Kingdom K001151259
    Turrill, W.B. [29/54], United Kingdom K001151260
    Turrill, W.B. [28/54], United Kingdom K001151261
    Hepper, F.N. [1297], Cameroon 2537.000
    Hepper, F.N. [7696], Egypt K001152177
    Hepper, F.N. [4455], Sri Lanka K001152686
    Hepper, F.N. [4412], Sri Lanka K001152687
    Hepper, F.N. [4478], Sri Lanka K001152688
    Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152691
    Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152692
    Hepper, F.N. [4600], Sri Lanka K001152693
    Hepper, F.N. [9760], France K001151289
    Hepper, F.N. [4823], Malta K001151320
    Tanner, R.E.S. [4532], Tanzania 25445.000
    Tanner, R. [3020], Tanzania K001157822
    Lousley, J.E. [W893], United Kingdom K001151235
    Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] K001151241
    Lousley, J.E. [53110157] K001151246
    Angus, A. [1328], Zambia K001158671
    Williams, G.R. [241], Kenya K001157837
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [7821], Uganda K001157847
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [7659], Uganda K001157850
    Sprague, T.A. [383], Spain K001152298
    Ingoldby, C.M. [553] K001151495
    Mooney, H.F. [3160], India K001152646
    Mooney, H.F. [2236], India K001152663
    Mooney, H.F. [2473], India K001152664
    Last, J.T. [114], Oman K001151691
    Clemens, J. [25/32], Malaysia K001153532
    Gould, B.J. [628], Bhutan K001152716
    Jackson, A.B. [1135], United Kingdom K001151228
    Jackson, A.B. [113] K001151362
    Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151256
    Bogdan, A. [AB1774], Kenya K001157843
    Trott, A.C. [1632], Saudi Arabia K001151684
    Rechinger, K.H. [13017], Greece K001151374
    Whiting, M.M. [35/60], Morocco K001152226
    Thomas, A.S. [Th4070], Uganda K001157844
    Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151720
    Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151721
    Burns, T.E. [433], Australia K001153925
    Burns, T.E. [611], Australia K001153926
    Burns, T.E. [736], Australia K001153927
    Parker, M. [s.n.] K001151221
    Codd, L.E. [7243], Zambia K001158665
    Faulkner, H.G. [4858], Tanzania K001157819
    Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153508
    Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K001153529
    Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151219
    Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151220
    Webster, M.M. [7077], United Kingdom K001151211
    Webster, M.M. [1996], United Kingdom K001151253
    Webster, M.M. [8324], United Kingdom K001151263
    Webster, M.M. [19314], United Kingdom K001151359
    Webster, M.M. [7130], United Kingdom K001151524
    Glover [180], Kenya K001157839
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151250
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151251
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151252
    Phipps, J.B. [1368], Zimbabwe K001158656
    Phipps, J.B. [2653], Malawi K001158661
    Keith, H.G. [419], Libya K001152232
    Keith, H.G. [352], Libya K001152233
    Keith, H.G. [384], Libya K001152234
    Schodde, R. [5015], Papua New Guinea K001153768
    Wood, J.J. [s.n.], India K001152738
    Martindale, G.E. [66], Spain K001151281
    Larsen, K. [34265], Thailand K001153336
    Symon, D.E. [6090], Australia K001153940
    Symon, D.E. [4531], Australia K001153942
    Symon, D.E. [26463], Australia K001153944
    Symon, D.E. [2918], Australia K001153945
    Powell, D.A. [410], Christmas I. K001153505
    Sinclair, J. [40388], Malaysia K001153271
    Anderson, J.A. [S.25594], Malaysia K001153528
    Furse, P. [8932], Iran K001151707
    Streimann, H. [NGF44518], Papua New Guinea K001153770
    Griffith [663], Afghanistan K001151696
    Strachey, R. [1], India K001152657
    Wood, J.R.I. [2293], Yemen K001151686
    Fay, J.M. [1012], Tunisia K001152229
    Milliken, W. [1581], Indonesia K001153763
    Milliken, W. [1362], Indonesia K001153764
    Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153268
    Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153269
    Burkill, H.M. [852], Malaysia K001153273
    Burkill, H.M. [13939], Malaysia K001153274
    Ritchie [508/2] K001152678
    Kirk [s.n.] K001158660
    Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [2228], Sri Lanka K001152689
    Worsdell, W.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151240
    Wood, D. [815], Uganda K000658423
    Simpson, N.D. [5663], Egypt K001151837
    Simpson, N.D. [5781], Egypt K001151838
    Simpson, N.D. [4460], Egypt K001151841
    Coveny, R. [6397], Australia K001153915
    Coveny, R. [6087], Australia K001153916
    Vink, W. [16311], Papua New Guinea K001153771
    Carter, S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151229
    Carter, S. [s.n.] K001151230
    Argent, G. [C87179], Indonesia K001153535
    Stearn, W.T. [181], Jamaica K001160990
    Collenette, I.S. [6212], Saudi Arabia K001151680
    Collenette, I.S. [1730], Saudi Arabia K001151828
    Dixon, S. [148/99], Pakistan K001152669
    Dixon, S. [1/99], Pakistan K001152670
    Henderson, R. [H123], Australia K001153936
    Bingham, M.G. [1544], Zambia K001158658
    Smith, L.S. [3071], Australia K001153938
    Petterson, B. [16511], Sudan K001156478
    Petterson, B. [16786], Sudan K001156479
    Petterson, B. [16515], Sudan K001156480
    Tasker, S. [8], United Kingdom K001151205
    Wheeler Haines, R. [W12], Iraq K001151744
    Lindsay, N. [1023], Iran K001151708
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152622
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152658
    Ratter, J.A. [4262], Brazil K000903981
    Luke, Q. [12026], Tanzania K001157818
    Matthew, K.M. [46324], India K001152666
    Campbell, W.D. [s.n.], Australia K001153929
    Welwitsch [6099], Angola K001029772
    Richards, H.M. [4216], Zambia K001158667
    Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152641
    Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152642
    Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152643
    Sandwith, C.I. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151202
    Sandwith, C.I. [3169], United Kingdom K001151203
    Sandwith, C.I. [3170], United Kingdom K001151204
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000903982
    Hind [s.n.], Hong Kong K001152634
    Henry, A. [8511], China K001152459
    Davidse, G. [7371], Sri Lanka K001152695
    Rose, J.N. [3390], Mexico K000063869
    Asplund, E. [1372], Sweden K001151311
    Nee, M. [54714], USA K001169701
    Bourgeau, E. [2555], Mexico K000063875
    Bourgeau, E. [934], Spain K001152299
    Wang, C. [33561], China K001152462
    Palmer, E. [119], Mexico K000063868
    Palmer, E. [101], Mexico K000063870
    Palmer, E. [204], Mexico K000063871
    Polhill, R.M. [1207], Tanzania K001157828
    Whittaker [s.n.], Australia K001152623
    Hohenacker, R.F. [1077], India K001152725
    Stapf, O. [s.n.] K001151699
    Jacquemont [s.n.] K001152734
    Koorders, S.H. [37855ß], Indonesia K001153507
    Koorders, S.H. [28666ß], Indonesia K001153511
    Koorders, S.H. [22839ß], Indonesia K001153512
    Rodd, A. [691], Australia K001153917
    Maximowicz [s.n.], Russian Federation K001152349
    Siehe, W. [298], Turkey K001151665
    Kotschy [291], Sudan K000414029 syntype
    Kotschy [313], Ethiopia K001156497
    Kotschy [184], Ethiopia K001156498
    Kotschy [184] K001156499
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [314], Afghanistan K001151692
    Belcher, R.O. [71], India K001152668
    Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.] K001153525
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1626] K001158958
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K001157834
    Collett, H. [111], India K001152629
    Collett, H. [416], India K001152660
    Edgeworth, M.P. [7004] K001152732
    Lazarides, M. [332], Australia K001153934
    Ellis, R. [557], India K001152740
    Allen, C.E.F. [724], Zimbabwe K001158659
    Strid, A. [2882], Zambia K001158669
    Gandoger, M. [215], Tunisia K001152230
    Sennen [s.n.], Spain K001151338
    Rawi [32404], Iraq K001151786
    Rawi [5951], Iraq K001151787
    Al-Kaisi [45296], Iraq K001151762
    Al-Kaisi [46068], Iraq K001151768
    Al-Kaisi [50616], Iraq K001151797
    Al-Kaisi [51173], Iraq K001151800
    Hamad, K. [46355], Iraq K001151766
    Gammie, G.A. [18462], India K001152635
    Thamer [46781], Iraq K001151763
    Thamer [47404], Iraq K001151764
    Alizzi, H. [32585], Iraq K001151736
    Alizzi, H. [35340], Iraq K001151737
    Alizzi, H. [35355], Iraq K001151738
    Alizzi, H. [35315], Iraq K001151739
    Alizzi, H. [35063], Iraq K001151740
    Alizzi, H. [34664], Iraq K001151753
    Alizzi, H. [34718], Iraq K001151754
    Fernandez, J. [1117], Oman K001151690
    Rich, H.H. [26], India K001152620
    Robinson, H.C. [2450], Indonesia K001153531
    Miller, A.G. [7196], Oman K001151689
    Bourne, A.G. [1499], India K001152727
    Mwangangi, O.M. [1397], Kenya K001157838
    Sonster, J. [122], United Kingdom K001151225
    Pedley, L. [3012], Australia K001153939
    Walter [232], Guam K001155573
    Sumithraarachchi, D.B. [512], Sri Lanka K001152684
    Junghuhn [405], Indonesia K001153513
    Winit, K. [408], Thailand K001153331
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153514
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153516
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153520
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153522
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153524
    Afriastini, J.J. [475], Indonesia K001153518
    Bowen, H. [294], Australia K001153941
    MacDonald, E.C. [233], Australia K001153920
    MacDonald, E.C. [29], Australia K001153928
    Bourne [3673] K001152619
    Bourne [s.n.], India K001152724
    Bourne [2053], India K001152726
    Bourne [472], India K001152728
    Bourne [405], India K001152729
    Dowson, W.J. [482], Kenya K001157842
    Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158670
    Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158673
    Hagerup, O. [144], Sudan K001155764
    Drummond, J.R. [20551], India K001152631
    Drummond, J.R. [20552], India K001152632
    Drummond, J.R. [20550], India K001152633
    Drummond, J.R. [25867], India K001152647
    Drummond, J.R. [1872], India K001152648
    Drummond, J.R. [2293], India K001152649
    Drummond, J.R. [25868], India K001152661
    Drummond, J.R. [25857], India K001152662
    Grierson, A.J.C. [1324], Bhutan K001152672
    Bünnemeijer [4072], Indonesia K001153530
    Brunner [s.n.], Senegal K001155761
    Croft, J. [NGF34532], Papua New Guinea K001153766
    Croft, J. [LAE61910], Papua New Guinea K001153767
    Maw, G. [727], United Kingdom K001151196
    Welwitsch, F.M.J. [226], Portugal K001151306
    Speke [79], Tanzania K001157827
    Mutimushi, J.M. [2820], Zambia K001158664
    Anderson, B. [1564], Iran K001151674
    Clark, C.B. [97B], United Kingdom K001151249
    Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414061
    Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414062
    Lowe, R.T., Azores K000414065
    Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Portugal K000414066
    Kuntze, C.E.O. [5999], Jawa K000788117 syntype
    Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152295
    Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152296
    Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152297
    Wilford [68], Hong Kong K001152460
    Wellman, F.C. [1776], Angola K001029771
    Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151369
    Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151370
    Boulos, L. [17419], Kuwait K001151678
    Boulos, L. [17155], Kuwait K001151679
    Boulos, L. [19046], Egypt K001151811
    Boulos, L. [s.n.], Egypt K001151831
    Schweinfurth, G.A. [1404], Egypt K001151818
    Schweinfurth, G.A. [3242] K001156501
    McDonald, J. [808], Kenya K001157835
    McDonald, J. [1548], Kenya K001157841
    Delile [s.n.] K000414028 syntype
    Coulter [1231], Mexico K001159691
    Evans, I.B.P. [936A], Tanzania K001157826
    Beusekom, C.F. [1030], Thailand K001153329
    Regel, A. [s.n.], Turkey K001152350
    Lord, J.K. [s.n.] K001151808
    Lemann, C. [1838], Madeira K000414069
    Park, B.C. [3], Libya K001152231
    Park, B.C. [519], Libya K001152235
    Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151293
    Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151295
    Haines, H.H. [1979], India K001152739
    Herb Wight [2326] K001152722
    Forsyth-Major, C.I. [H292-23], France K001151282
    Forsyth-Major, C.I. [355], Madagascar K001158959
    Forsyth-Major, C.I. [394], Madagascar K001158960
    Gamble, J.S. [3398], India K001152674
    Gamble, J.S. [15153], India K001152719
    Gamble, J.S. [17435], India K001152720
    Gamble, J.S. [29207], United Kingdom K001151212
    Gamble, J.S. [29544], United Kingdom K001151215
    Gamble, J.S. [29936], United Kingdom K001151216
    Kerfoot, O. [2440], Kenya K001157836
    Fosberg, F.R. [57125], Sri Lanka K001152683
    Hardial [528], Malaysia K001153270
    Smith, P.A. [1080], Botswana K001158652
    Chapman, E.G. [26079], Iraq K001151746
    Henriques, C. [53] K001029773
    Idjan [63], Indonesia K001153533
    Rogers, J.A. [8], Iraq K001151788
    Rogers, J.A. [103], Iraq K001151796
    Schur [2846B], Romania K000414068
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116584
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116585
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116592
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116593
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116597
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116599
    Grove, A.T. [5] K001152220
    Grove, A.T. [31A], Chad K001152221
    Baker, R.T. [s.n.] K001151361
    Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [4314], Netherlands K001151303
    Harris, T. [186], Mozambique K000613261
    Maly, K. [2/71], Bosnia & Herzegovina K001151267
    Ngoni, J.F. [4909], Botswana K001158653
    Balaka, J.L. [2025], Malawi K001158663
    Rensburg, H.J. van [1886], Zambia K001158672
    Lambrecht, F.L. [90], Botswana K001158654
    Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158650
    Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158655
    Béguinot, A. [2515], Italy K001151379
    Béguinot, A. [2516], Italy K001151381
    Tedd, H.G. [754] K001151496
    Chin, S.C. [3713], Malaysia K001153277
    Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151492
    Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151493
    Iwatsuki, k. [T10367], Thailand K001153328
    Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151292
    Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151294
    Platt, J.W.O. [397], Greece K001151671
    Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151672
    Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151269
    Platt, J.W.O. [397] K001151270
    Platt, J.W.O. [609] K001151271
    Platt, J.W.O. [192] K001151272
    Cole, D.T. [923], Botswana K001158651
    Huter [s.n.], India K001152730
    Murata, G. [s.n.], Nepal K001152644
    Arsène, G. [8302], Mexico K000063833
    Coulter, T. [1228], Mexico K000063873
    Sintenis, P.E.E. [895], Cyprus K001151725
    Sintenis, P.E.E. [918], Cyprus K001151726
    Sintenis, P.E.E. [6363], Iran K001152348
    Pickard, J. [1216], Australia K001153923
    Everist, S.L. [7291], Australia K001153935
    Rohrlach, K.D. [290], Australia K001153943
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151218
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151247
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151248
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151525
    Komarov, V.L. [1376], China K001152347
    Bedi, R. [667] K001152715
    Furuse, M. [40678], Japan K001152418
    Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152419
    Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152420
    Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152421
    Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152422
    Furuse, M. [45139], Japan K001152423
    Ellman, E. [338], Spain K001151319
    Ellman, E. [1129A], Spain K001151329
    Ellman, E. [68], Spain K001151383
    Dallimore, W. [2], United Kingdom K001169705
    Dallimore, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169706
    LeSueur, H. [441], Mexico K000063874
    Favrat, L. [s.n.] K001151266
    Andersen, J.S. [247], Iran K001151714
    Barkley, F.A. [33Ir4015], Iraq K001151790
    Barkley, F.A. [3716], Iraq K001151792
    al-Rawi, A. [19915], Iraq K001151745
    Cooray, R.G. [68100301R], Sri Lanka K001152694
    Taylor, M. [126], Mexico K000063872
    Botany staff [42492], Iraq K001151759
    Abbas, H. [6161], Iraq K001151793
    Field, H. [24], Iraq K001151741
    Batanouny, K.H. [2281], Qatar K001151669
    Guest, E.R. [304], Iraq K001151789
    Whitehead, J.C. [JW162], Indonesia K001153526
    Elbert, J. [4541] K001153534
    Macmillan, H.F. [219], Iran K001151703
    Jonsson, G. [841 a], Brazil K000903979
    Prance, G.T. [10131], Brazil K001058942
    Boog [s.n.], Brazil K000903977
    Sohmer, S.H. [LAE75542], Papua New Guinea K001153765
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 217], Great Britain K000914298
    Murray, G.W. [3787], Egypt K001151934
    Liang, H.Y. [66426], China K001152458
    Andersson, N.J. [523], Tunisia K001152228
    Remy, M.J. [442], USA K001155593
    Hara, H. [1541], India K001152673
    Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152681
    Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152682
    Nelson, D.J. [523], Australia K001153933
    Mathenge, S.G. [64], Kenya K001157840
    Lea, J.D. [94], Sudan K001156483
    Shabetai, J.R. [4851184], Egypt K001151807
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K001152735
    Phengklai, C. [3085], Thailand K001153335
    Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [2565], Zambia K001158668
    Renvoize, S.A. [2312], Tanzania K001157823
    McNeill [225], Turkey K001151661
    Maire, R.P. [s.n.], China K001153332
    Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903976
    Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903978
    Bai-Zhong, X. [4230], China K001152434
    Bai-Zhong, X. [4195], China K001152435
    Willkommii, H.M. [475], Spain K001151316
    James, H.E.M. [s.n.] K001152351
    Clarke, C.B. [131], Portugal K001152294
    Clarke, C.B. [22378] K001152636
    Clarke, C.B. [27399B], India K001152671
    Drummond [s.n.], Canada K001159692
    Tilden, J.E. [832], Australia K001153924
    Cuming, H. [s.n.] K001152656
    Edgeworth [7045] K001152626
    Aellen, P. [63975] K001151297
    Sontag [s.n.], South Korea K001152457
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4567], Thailand K001153330
    Kerr, A.F.G. [1231], Thailand K001153333
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3500], Thailand K001153334
    Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001152685
    Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151201
    Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151234
    Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151236
    Singh, V. [2988], India K001152717
    Octjabreva, N. [5887] K001151309
    Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151298
    Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151299
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116594
    Wierzbicki, P.P. [393] K001151372
    Wierzbicki, P.P. [2375], Moldova K001151373
    Wierzbicki, P.P. [s.n.], Hungary K001151378
    s.coll [102] K001151658
    s.coll [26] K001151670
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151683
    s.coll [1023], Iran K001151704
    s.coll [1714], Cyprus K001151727
    s.coll [48], Cyprus K001151730
    s.coll [21536], Iraq K001151735
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151756
    s.coll [38], Iraq K001151791
    s.coll [s.n.], Egypt K001151835
    s.coll [69] K001152222
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152224
    s.coll [39], Morocco K001152225
    s.coll [103], Libya K001152239
    s.coll [58], Spain K001152300
    s.coll [2382], Spain K001152306
    s.coll [31] K001152344
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152345
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152617
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152618
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001152621
    s.coll [1070] K001152624
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001152627
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152628
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152638
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152639
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001152640
    s.coll [568], India K001152645
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001152651
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152652
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152653
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152654
    s.coll [4478A], India K001152655
    s.coll [82], Pakistan K001152659
    s.coll [4087] K001152675
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152676
    s.coll [30], India K001152677
    s.coll [1173], Pakistan K001152680
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152721
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152731
    s.coll [96] K001152733
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152736
    s.coll [s.n.] K001152737
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001152741
    s.coll [14983], Malaysia K001153275
    s.coll [346], Australia K001153922
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169703
    s.coll [s.n.] K001169704
    s.coll [s.n.] K001169714
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151198
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151200
    s.coll [196], United Kingdom K001151213
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151232
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151233
    s.coll [66], United Kingdom K001151239
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151242
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151254
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151255
    s.coll [1135] K001151262
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151265
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151273
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151277
    s.coll [97], Spain K001151280
    s.coll [s.n.], Belgium K001151283
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151284
    s.coll [462], Switzerland K001151288
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151291
    s.coll [475] K001151315
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151325
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151335
    s.coll [186] K001151376
    s.coll [161], Greece K001151377
    s.coll [405] K001151479
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151494
    s.coll [26], Sudan K001156481
    s.coll [157], Tanzania K001157821
    s.coll [1609], Tanzania K001157824
    s.coll [3580], Tanzania K001157825
    s.coll [230], Kenya K001157833
    s.coll [486] K001157845
    s.coll [77], Uganda K001157846
    s.coll [298] K001157849
    s.coll [D36] K001157851
    s.coll [6019], Botswana K001158649
    s.coll [s.n.] K001159697
    Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151705
    Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151711
    Colvill, W.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151760
    Watson, G.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151757
    Mashaly, I.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151681
    Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151732
    Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151733
    Linton, E.F. [s.n.] K001151197
    Mackee [45969], France K001169699
    Mackee [3018], France K001169700
    Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159687
    Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159688
    Milne-Redhead, G. [259], United Kingdom K001151237
    Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] K001151195
    Vine, R.S. [s.n.] K001151217
    Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151834
    Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151836
    Last, G.V.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151226
    Kiriki, P. [KMK 75], Kenya K000662265
    Shuter, J. [s.n.], India K001152723
    Butler, T. [s.n.] K001151290
    Waterfall, C. [V.C.58] K001151222
    Keith [1033], Libya K001152236
    Genneou, A. [1496], Cyprus K001151723
    Maesen, L.J.G. van der [3190], India K001152630
    Manoharan, C. [19575], India K001152665
    Abu-Laila, K. [70-4], Jordan K001151657
    Laukkonen, P. [18], Cyprus K001151724
    Shabetal, J.R. [190], Egypt K001151832
    Tanaki Ammal, E.K. [1523], India K001152650
    Rodway, J.A. [2140], Australia K001153918
    Rodway, J.A. [2694], Australia K001153919
    Rodway, J.A. [s.n.], Australia K001153921
    Collett, R. [s.n.], Norway K001151310
    Butler, S.C. [13], United Kingdom K001151209
    Ahlberg, N.F. [s.n.] K001151382
    Dahl, A. [905], Finland K001151285
    Sharma, B.D. [167857], India K001152718
    Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152223
    Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152227
    Sahira [35830], Iraq K001151758
    Lomax, A.E. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151227
    Bredemann, G. [26] K001151302
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116586
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116587
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116588
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116589
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], Bangladesh K001116590
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116591
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116595
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116596
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116598
    Roper, I.M. [s.n.] K001151360
    Kobakhidze, L. [1009], Georgia K001151666
    Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151728
    Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151729
    Davis [50060], Libya K001152237
    Herb Dalzell, N.A. [s.n.], India K001152679
    Shah (Bin Haji Mohamad Nur), M. [170], Malaysia K001153272
    Herb Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151214
    Herb Morrison, A. [14228], Australia K001153930
    Herb Morrison, A. [413], Australia K001153931
    Newby, J.E. [ZP51], Nigeria K001155762
    Kostermans [722], Indonesia K001153506
    Marshall, J. [JM104], United Kingdom K001169715
    Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151326
    Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151327
    Chung, H.-.H. [1729], China K001152461
    Kolenal [2057] K001151667
    Bayeru [s.n.] K001151668
    Carter, H. [569], Afghanistan K001151697
    Dobson, A.T. [283], Iran K001151702
    Corley, R.H.V. [68], Iran K001151709
    Andronikos, H. [675], Cyprus K001151722
    Lazra, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151742
    Cuest, S. [13001], Iraq K001151743
    Al-Baiyar, H. [21471], Iraq K001151747
    Royen, F.A. [8], Iraq K001151748
    Omerz, S. [37810], Iraq K001151749
    Harim, F. [37788], Iraq K001151750
    Allizi, H. [34653], Iraq K001151751
    Allizi, H. [34729], Iraq K001151752
    Famzi [39509], Iraq K001151755
    Lazat, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151761
    Al-Khayat [46318], Iraq K001151765
    Sharif, A. [47305], Iraq K001151767
    Forest, E. [181], Iraq K001151785
    Memeryan [5159], Iraq K001151794
    Ahmad, H. [9409], Iraq K001151795
    Omnar, S. [50421], Iraq K001151798
    Omnar, S. [50389], Iraq K001151799
    Monier Abd El Ghani [5151], Egypt K001151812
    Monier Abd El Ghani [7106], Egypt K001151813
    Monier Abd El Ghani [6982], Egypt K001151815
    Monier Abd El Ghani [3633], Egypt K001151816
    Monier Abd El Ghani [1653], Egypt K001151817
    Monier Abd El Ghani [1453], Egypt K001151820
    Monier Abd El Ghani [4517], Egypt K001151821
    Monier Abd El Ghani [4339], Egypt K001151822
    Monier Abd El Ghani [1195], Egypt K001151842
    Jennings, E.A. [20], Yemen K001151823
    Spellenberg, R.W. [7174], Yemen K001151824
    Heller, T.M. [289], United Arab Emirates K001151825
    Naguils, M.I. [9], Bahrain K001151829
    Herb. Léonard, J. [3708], Libya K001152240
    Herb. Léonard, J. [s.n.], Libya K001152241
    Carew Hunt, T. [s.n.], Portugal K001152305
    Lochanko, T. [s.n.], Ukraine K001152346
    Herb H.f. [s.n.] K001152625
    Barclay, C.H.S. [2342], Nepal K001152637
    Husain, W. [s.n.], India K001152667
    Balakrishan, N. [NBK 996], Sri Lanka K001152690
    Japp, R.N. [362] K001153276
    Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153515
    Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153517
    Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153519
    Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153521
    Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153523
    Lantoh, M. [San108976], Malaysia K001153527
    Herb Andrews, C. [658], Australia K001153932
    Wurzell, B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151358
    Hanson, C.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169702
    Beattie, J. [PL2010#26], St. Helena K000816069
    Herb Churchillanum [449] K001151307
    Oettinger, N.K. [746/1] K001151279
    Herb Hepper, F.N. [4852], United Kingdom K001151210
    Vedcourt, B. [4236], United Kingdom K001151224
    Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151243
    Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151244
    Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.] K001151257
    Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151258
    Traill, W. [1424], United Kingdom K001151264
    Grisrieff, V. [s.n.], Bulgaria K001151268
    Balashova [s.n.], Ukraine K001151275
    Czernous, M. [s.n.], Ukraine K001151276
    Tauscher, D.J.A. [287], Hungary K001151278
    Forsskål, P. [1748], France K001151286
    Forsskål, P. [1749], France K001151287
    Lemos, F.L. de [s.n.], Portugal K001151304
    Scarlett, M. [48], Portugal K001151305
    Golde, D. [s.n.] K001151308
    Herb Cuatrecasas, J. [s.n.], Spain K001151317
    Herb Boissier, E. [s.n.] K001151318
    Pahlman, G. [s.n.] K001151322
    Royal Liberty School [86] K001151391
    Ash, R.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151523
    Tumill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151526
    Daumlira, E.K. [D36], Uganda K001157848
    Thompson, G.W.S.M. [204], Tanzania K001157820
    Thomson, P.J. [481], Zambia K001158657
    Lake Chilwa Expedition [s.n.], Malawi K001158662
    Richards, W. [1183], Zambia K001158666
    Parker, W.G. [s.n.], Madagascar K001158961
    Similain [s.n.] K001160559
    Woolstar, A.L. [856], Paraguay K001161279
    Lousley, J.E. [W834], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151367
    Sandwith, C.I. [3169a], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151368
    Kucera, J. [171/1], Slovakia Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151380
    Todaro, A. [875] Solanum moschatum K001151314
    Strobl, P.G. [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151313
    s.coll [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151312
    Solomon, J.C. [8611], Bolivia Solanum acutifolium K001162543

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
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    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/