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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia, N. & NE. Tropical Africa.
Solanum nigrum

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General
Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1. 5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent
Morphology Branches
Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1. 2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1. 2 × 0.3–1. 2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed Calyx 1.2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1.2 × 0.3–1.2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1. 5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1.5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen filaments 0.3–1. 5 mm long; anthers 1. 5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong Stamen filaments 0.3–1.5 mm long; anthers 1.5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c.  1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1. 7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1.7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over.
Note
Chromosome number: 2n=72 Common name: "Black Nightshade." Hawkes & Edmonds in Fl. Europaea 3: 197 (1972), R.J.F. Henderson in Contr. Queensland Herb. 6: 19–25 (1974) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc. cit. (1997) recognized two subspecies, viz.: subsp. nigrum, covered with multicellular, appressed, eglandular hairs, and subsp. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, covered with denser indumentum of multicellular, spreading, mostly glandular hairs. These distinctions are not very clearly applicable everywhere. The specimens Biegel 1767 and Takaindisa 7, cited above from Zimbabwe, may prove to be Solanum tarderemotum on reconsideration.
Ecology
Forest, mostly at the edges, riverine vegetation, thickets, open scrub, woodland, wooded grassland, mountain slopes, floodplains, waste and cultivated ground (gardens and fields), ruderal places and waysides, in moist and dry situations; up to c. 2000 m.
Distribution
CPV, BOT N, BOT SW, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL S, MOZ Z, MOZ T, MOZ MS, MOZ GI, MOZ M Originally possibly from Eurasia (fide R.J.F. Henderson in tom. cit.: 27 (1974)) or from the Middle East or even India (fide Tandon & Rao in Nature 201, 4926: 1348–1349 (1964)); widely distributed from temperate to tropical regions, and with rare occurren Mozambique Zimbabwe Zambia Malawi Caprivi Strip. Botswana.
Morphology General Habit
Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1.5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous; style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm.
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n=72.

[FWTA]

Solanaceae, H. heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A weed 1-2 ft. or more high, sometimes cultivated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Small white flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries 1/4-3/4 in. diam.

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: Probably from Europe, Herb. Linnaeus 248.18 (LINN!, lecto. designated by Henderson in Contrib. Queensland Herb., 16:19 (1974))
Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herb, erect, decumbent or prostrate, 0.1 to 1.1 m high, main stem sometimes woody, spreading up to 2 m;
Morphology Stem
Stems smooth or with inconspicuously dentate ridges, villous to glabrous with simple hairs with glandular or eglandular heads, mixed with glands, often densely leafy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves membranaceous, light to dark green, ovate, ovate-rhomboidal or ovate-lanceolate, rarely lanceolate, 2.5–9.5 × 1.8–6 cm, bases cuneate and decurrent, margins entire, sinuate or sinuate-dentate with a few (< 4) acute or obtuse lobes, apices acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse; surfaces pubescent or glabrescent as stems, hairs usually denser on margins, veins, midribs and on lower surfaces; petioles 0.5–4.2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences simple leafopposed to extra-axillary cymes, usually lax appearing racemose with fruiting rachis (0–)2–7 mm long, (3–)5–10-flowered; peduncles erect and 6–18 mm in flower, erecto-patent and 11–19(–30) mm long in fruit, pubescent as stems; pedicels erect and 4–8 mm long in flower, erecto-patent often becoming recurved and 8–16 mm in fruit, pubescence as stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, (1.5–)2–3(–4) mm long, pilose externally; lobes broadly ovate, 0.5–1.8 × 0.5–1.6 mm, obtuse, enlarging to 1.4–3 × 1.5–3 mm in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or tinged purple, with yellow-translucent basal star, stellate, (0.8–)1.2–1.6 cm diameter, tube 1–1.5 mm long; lobes broadly ovate, (2.7–)4–6 × (2.8–)3–4(–5) mm, spreading or reflexed after anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments free for 1–1.5 mm, densely villous internally; anthers yellow to orange, 1.5–2.5(–2.7) × 0.6–0.8(–1) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary brownish, 0.7–2 × 0.6–2 mm, glabrous; style never geniculate, (2.4–)3–4.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, lower half shortly pilose, not or only the stigma exserted at full anthesis; stigma capitate, 0.2–0.5 mm diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries dull purple to black and dull or shiny becoming dull with opaque cuticles in Flora area, sometimes greenish to yellowish-green with translucent cuticles in Eurasia, usually broadly ovoid, sometimes globose, 5–10 × 5–11 mm, basal calyx lobes adherent becoming reflexed; falling from calyces or remaining on plant when ripe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (15–)26–60(–96) per berry, yellow to brown, ovoid, discoid or orbicular, (1.7–) 2–2.4 × 1.4–2 mm; sclerotic granules absent
Figures
Fig 17/15 & 16, p 126

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
campano, hierbamora, suspiros, yerbamora, zeb ame, quielete, mora, herbmora, yerba mora, macuy

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South China Sea, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Ascension, Borneo, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Jawa, Kerguelen, Maine, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Queensland, Québec, South Australia, South Carolina, St.Helena, Sumatera, Tasmania, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Utah, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, Western Australia, Wisconsin

Solanum nigrum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2017 Manisadjan [981b] K001151663
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [7778], Afghanistan K001151695
Jan 1, 2017 Haussknecht, C. [s.n.] K001151706
Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0102161008], Israel K001151712
Jan 1, 2017 Dinsmore, J.E. [12102], Jordan K001151802
Jan 1, 2017 Maitland, T.D. [s.n.] K001151805
Jan 1, 2017 Breidy, J. [LEB81], Lebanon K001151806
Jan 1, 2017 Monier Abd El Ghani [4552], Egypt K001151814
Jan 1, 2017 Dickson, H.V. [387], Saudi Arabia K001151827
Jan 1, 2017 Shabetai, J.R. [265], Egypt K001151840
Jan 1, 2017 Swarbick, J.T. [TS2572], Nigeria K001169709
Jan 1, 2017 Best, E.B. [499] K001169719
Jan 1, 2017 Westwater, M. [192954], United Kingdom K001169720
Jan 1, 2017 McKee, H.S. [3794], New Caledonia K001151296
Jan 1, 2017 Crisp, P. [123], Iran K001151716
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [7], Nigeria K001169712
Jan 1, 2017 Mashaly, I. [20191], Egypt K001151718
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [2821], Iran K001151710
Jan 1, 2017 Meyers, F.S. [B4102] K001151801
Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0101200510], Israel K001151719
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [8230], Afghanistan K001151693
Jan 1, 2017 Davis [47039], Turkey K001151660
Jan 1, 2017 Macmillan, H.F. [220], Iran K001151701
Jan 1, 2017 Miller, A.G. [6632], Oman K001151830
Jan 1, 2017 Podlech, D. [19792], Afghanistan K001151698
Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [300], Iran K001151715
Jan 1, 2017 Tengwall, T.A. [40], Turkey K001151664
Jan 1, 2017 al-Rawi, A. [24225], Iraq K001151734
Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [337], Iran K001151717
Jan 1, 2017 Irvine, F.R. [3607], Nigeria K001169708
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [s.n.] K001151803
Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [982A], Iran K001151700
Jan 1, 2017 Murray, G.W. [2995], Egypt K001151833
Jan 1, 2017 Chapman, J.D. [2914], Nigeria K001169710
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [25], Nigeria K001169711
Jan 1, 2017 Davis [26067], Turkey K001151659
Jan 1, 2017 Hay, W.R. [286], Afghanistan K001151694
Jan 1, 2017 Pierce, E. [s.n.] K001151713
Jan 1, 2017 Simpson, N.D. [16], Egypt K001151839
Jan 1, 2017 Hepper, F.N. [7662], Egypt K001152178
Jan 1, 2017 Singer, A. [Soni0301080507], Israel K001151804
Jan 1, 2017 Morton, J.K. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001169707
Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [1283], Saudi Arabia K001151826 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2017 McNeill [496], Turkey K001151662
Jan 1, 2016 Palmer, E. [101], Mexico K000063870
Jan 1, 2016 St John, H. [1314], Canada K001159696
Jan 1, 2016 Raven, P.H. [2178A], USA K001159941
Jan 1, 2016 Curtiss, A.H. [6863], USA K001159693
Jan 1, 2016 Cavalerie, J. [3815], Yunnan K001080605 isotype
Jan 1, 2016 s.coll [s.n.], Canada K001159694
Jan 1, 2016 Nee, M. [30110], USA K001159700
Nov 4, 2011 Day, C.D. [912], Turkey K000341505
Mar 1, 2011 Kharkevich, S. [686], Russian Federation K000658439
Aug 5, 2003 Hiep, N.T. et al. [3420], Vietnam K000183311
Jul 31, 2003 Fuentes, de la Rosa [38985], Philippines K000183244
Jul 31, 2003 Madulid, et al. [1504], Philippines K000183245
Jul 31, 2003 Reynoso [27245], Philippines K000183243
Jul 30, 2003 Chantaranothai, P. et al. [90/69], Thailand K000183206
Jan 1, 1982 Teixeira, L.O.A. [724], Brazil K000903980
Jan 1, 1973 Pabst, G.F.J. [9455], Brazil K001058408
Nov 1, 1958 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28492], Cameroon K000028646
Jun 28, 1905 Guillarmod, J. [138], Lesotho K000658427
Kenya 11191.000
Summerhayes, V.S., United Kingdom 16342.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10186], Tanzania 24459.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10430], Tanzania 24528.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10440], Tanzania 24662.000
Greenway, P.J. [10635], Tanzania 24774.000
Hepper, F.N. [1297], Cameroon 2537.000
Tanner, R.E.S. [4532], Tanzania 25445.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2565], Zambia 35203.000
Delile [s.n.] K000414028 syntype
Kotschy [291], Sudan K000414029 syntype
Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414061
Azores K000414063
Lowe, R.T., Azores K000414065
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Portugal K000414066
France K000414067
Lemann, C. [1838], Madeira K000414069
Palmer, E. [119], Mexico K000063868
Rose, J.N. [3390], Mexico K000063869
Arsène, G. [8302], Mexico K000063833
Hinton, G.B. [399], Mexico K000063834
Hinton, G.B. [2917], Mexico K000063835
Hinton, G.B. [3855], Mexico K000063836
Cope, T.A. [RBG 217], Great Britain K000914298
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], Bangladesh K001116590
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116595
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116596
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116598
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116599
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000903982
Abu-Laila, K. [70-4], Jordan K001151657
McNeill [225], Turkey K001151661
Kolenal [2057] K001151667
Mashaly, I.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151681
Carter, H. [569], Afghanistan K001151697
Furse, P. [8932], Iran K001151707
s.coll [21536], Iraq K001151735
Alizzi, H. [32585], Iraq K001151736
Alizzi, H. [35355], Iraq K001151738
Alizzi, H. [35315], Iraq K001151739
Cuest, S. [13001], Iraq K001151743
Wheeler Haines, R. [W12], Iraq K001151744
Harim, F. [37788], Iraq K001151750
Thamer [47404], Iraq K001151764
Rogers, J.A. [8], Iraq K001151788
Monier Abd El Ghani [7106], Egypt K001151813
Monier Abd El Ghani [1653], Egypt K001151817
Spellenberg, R.W. [7174], Yemen K001151824
Fay, J.M. [1012], Tunisia K001152229
Keith, H.G. [384], Libya K001152234
Hemsley, J.H. [L79], Libya K001152238
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152295
s.coll [31] K001152344
Henry, A. [8511], China K001152459
Wilford [68], Hong Kong K001152460
Herb H.f. [s.n.] K001152625
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152627
Maesen, L.J.G. van der [3190], India K001152630
Clarke, C.B. [22378] K001152636
Drummond, J.R. [25867], India K001152647
s.coll [s.n.] K001152652
Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152681
Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001152685
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [2228], Sri Lanka K001152689
Balakrishan, N. [NBK 996], Sri Lanka K001152690
Singh, V. [2988], India K001152717
s.coll [96] K001152733
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K001152735
Winit, K. [408], Thailand K001153331
Larsen, K. [34265], Thailand K001153336
Koorders, S.H. [37855ß], Indonesia K001153507
Anderson, J.A. [S.25594], Malaysia K001153528
Sohmer, S.H. [LAE75542], Papua New Guinea K001153765
Burns, T.E. [736], Australia K001153927
Campbell, W.D. [s.n.], Australia K001153929
Herb Morrison, A. [14228], Australia K001153930
Henderson, R. [H123], Australia K001153936
Hanson, C.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169702
Dallimore, W. [2], United Kingdom K001169705
s.coll [s.n.] K001169714
Sandwith, C.I. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151202
Herb Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151214
Parker, M. [s.n.] K001151221
Vedcourt, B. [4236], United Kingdom K001151224
Jackson, A.B. [1135], United Kingdom K001151228
Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151243
Summerhayes, V.S. [1353], United Kingdom K001151245
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151248
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151251
s.coll [s.n.], Belgium K001151283
Forsskål, P. [1748], France K001151286
Ellman, E. [338], Spain K001151319
Hepper, F.N. [4823], Malta K001151320
Ellman, E. [1129A], Spain K001151329
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151333
Wierzbicki, P.P. [393] K001151372
s.coll [186] K001151376
Béguinot, A. [2515], Italy K001151379
Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151492
s.coll [s.n.] K001151494
Kotschy [184] K001156499
Kirk [s.n.] K001158660
Richards, W. [1183], Zambia K001158666
Rensburg, H.J. van [1886], Zambia K001158672
Chapman, E.G. [26079], Iraq K001151746
Monier Abd El Ghani [6982], Egypt K001151815
Manoharan, C. [19575], India K001152665
Bourne [405], India K001152729
Hamad, K. [46355], Iraq K001151766
Omnar, S. [50389], Iraq K001151799
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153516
Mathenge, S.G. [64], Kenya K001157840
s.coll [s.n.] K001151683
Davidse, G. [7371], Sri Lanka K001152695
Smith, L.S. [3071], Australia K001153938
Ellman, E. [68], Spain K001151383
Clemens, J. [25/32], Malaysia K001153532
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151219
Dobson, A.T. [283], Iran K001151702
Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151705
Lazra, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151742
Al-Baiyar, H. [21471], Iraq K001151747
Al-Kaisi [45296], Iraq K001151762
Gamble, J.S. [15153], India K001152719
Symon, D.E. [2918], Australia K001153945
Gould, B.J. [628], Bhutan K001152716
Remy, M.J. [442], USA K001155593
Willkommii, H.M. [475], Spain K001151316
Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151711
Burkill, H.M. [852], Malaysia K001153273
Maw, G. [727], United Kingdom K001151196
Sintenis, P.E.E. [895], Cyprus K001151725
Oettinger, N.K. [746/1] K001151279
Chung, H.-.H. [1729], China K001152461
Jackson, A.B. [113] K001151362
Alizzi, H. [34664], Iraq K001151753
s.coll [26] K001151670
s.coll [82], Pakistan K001152659
s.coll [196], United Kingdom K001151213
Drummond, J.R. [20550], India K001152633
Strachey, R. [1], India K001152657
s.coll [s.n.] K001151335
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169703
s.coll [58], Spain K001152300
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153521
Argent, G. [C87179], Indonesia K001153535
Coulter [1231], Mexico K001159691
Stearn, W.T. [181], Jamaica K001160990
Drummond, J.R. [1872], India K001152648
Fosberg, F.R. [57125], Sri Lanka K001152683
Alizzi, H. [35063], Iraq K001151740
Husain, W. [s.n.], India K001152667
Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151299
Wurzell, B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151358
Webster, M.M. [7130], United Kingdom K001151524
Carter, S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151229
Lord, J.K. [s.n.] K001151808
Bourne, A.G. [1499], India K001152727
Afriastini, J.J. [475], Indonesia K001153518
Symon, D.E. [6090], Australia K001153940
Sharif, A. [47305], Iraq K001151767
Bourne [2053], India K001152726
Park, B.C. [519], Libya K001152235
Turrill, W.B. [28/54], United Kingdom K001151261
Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151298
Drummond, J.R. [20551], India K001152631
s.coll [s.n.] K001152737
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151328
s.coll [s.n.] K001152618
Prance, G.T. [10131], Brazil K001058942
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151208
Mwangangi, O.M. [1397], Kenya K001157838
Sinclair, J. [40388], Malaysia K001153271
Richards, H.M. [4216], Zambia K001158667
Murata, G. [s.n.], Nepal K001152644
Al-Khayat [46318], Iraq K001151765
Carr, C.E. [12935], Papua New Guinea K001153769
Forsskål, P. [1749], France K001151287
s.coll [346], Australia K001153922
Herb Cuatrecasas, J. [s.n.], Spain K001151317
Rich, H.H. [26], India K001152620
Butler, S.C. [13], United Kingdom K001151209
Ngoni, J.F. [4909], Botswana K001158653
Phipps, J.B. [2653], Malawi K001158661
Ritchie [508/2] K001152678
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151232
Platt, J.W.O. [397] K001151270
s.coll [s.n.] K001151273
Wood, J.R.I. [2293], Yemen K001151686
Burkill, H.M. [13939], Malaysia K001153274
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153519
Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151672
Furuse, M. [45139], Japan K001152423
Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151493
Haines, H.H. [1979], India K001152739
Gamble, J.S. [29207], United Kingdom K001151212
Codd, L.E. [7243], Zambia K001158665
Forest, E. [181], Iraq K001151785
Croft, J. [LAE61910], Papua New Guinea K001153767
Rodd, A. [691], Australia K001153917
Tasker, S. [8], United Kingdom K001151205
Anderson, B. [1564], Iran K001151674
Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151733
Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158650
Linton, E.F. [s.n.] K001151197
Nee, M. [54714], USA K001169701
Keith [1033], Libya K001152236
Petterson, B. [16515], Sudan K001156480
Gamble, J.S. [29544], United Kingdom K001151215
Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159688
Jonsson, G. [841 a], Brazil K000903979
Liang, H.Y. [66426], China K001152458
Kerr, A.F.G. [4567], Thailand K001153330
Symon, D.E. [26463], Australia K001153944
Sonster, J. [122], United Kingdom K001151225
Fernandez, J. [1117], Oman K001151690
Meikle, R.D. [2508], Cyprus K001151731
Monier Abd El Ghani [3633], Egypt K001151816
Naguils, M.I. [9], Bahrain K001151829
Clarke, C.B. [131], Portugal K001152294
Macmillan, H.F. [219], Iran K001151703
Sintenis, P.E.E. [6363], Iran K001152348
Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153269
Schodde, R. [5015], Papua New Guinea K001153768
Roper, I.M. [s.n.] K001151360
Genneou, A. [1496], Cyprus K001151723
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [355], Madagascar K001158959
James, H.E.M. [s.n.] K001152351
Boulos, L. [17419], Kuwait K001151678
s.coll [1714], Cyprus K001151727
Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151732
Junghuhn [405], Indonesia K001153513
Webster, M.M. [8324], United Kingdom K001151263
s.coll [6019], Botswana K001158649
Rogers, J.A. [103], Iraq K001151796
Schweinfurth, G.A. [1404], Egypt K001151818
s.coll [s.n.] K001159697
Boulos, L. [17155], Kuwait K001151679
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152651
Omnar, S. [50421], Iraq K001151798
Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158655
Dallimore, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169706
Speke [79], Tanzania K001157827
Carter, S. [s.n.] K001151230
Hagerup, O. [144], Sudan K001155764
Coulter, T. [1228], Mexico K000063873
Shuter, J. [s.n.], India K001152723
Coveny, R. [6397], Australia K001153915
Traill, W. [1424], United Kingdom K001151264
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [H292-23], France K001151282
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116587
s.coll [s.n.] K001152639
Belcher, R.O. [71], India K001152668
Pickard, J. [1216], Australia K001153923
s.coll [30], India K001152677
Harris, T. [186], Mozambique K000613261
Rechinger, K.H. [13017], Greece K001151374
Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151292
Schur [2846B], Romania K000414068
Tauscher, D.J.A. [287], Hungary K001151278
Keith, H.G. [419], Libya K001152232
Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151370
s.coll [77], Uganda K001157846
Allen, C.E.F. [724], Zimbabwe K001158659
Furuse, M. [40678], Japan K001152418
Luke, Q. [12026], Tanzania K001157818
s.coll [2382], Spain K001152306
Turrill, W.B. [30354], United Kingdom K001151259
Dahl, A. [905], Finland K001151285
Balaka, J.L. [2025], Malawi K001158663
Platt, J.W.O. [397], Greece K001151671
Mooney, H.F. [2473], India K001152664
Bally, P.R.O. [B12482] K001151375
Jennings, E.A. [20], Yemen K001151823
Sennen [s.n.], Spain K001151338
Botany staff [42492], Iraq K001151759
s.coll [s.n.] K001152617
Cooray, R.G. [68100301R], Sri Lanka K001152694
s.coll [14983], Malaysia K001153275
s.coll [1070] K001152624
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152643
Shah (Bin Haji Mohamad Nur), M. [170], Malaysia K001153272
Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.] K001151257
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152621
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151331
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116593
Monier Abd El Ghani [1195], Egypt K001151842
Bredemann, G. [26] K001151302
Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414062
Gamble, J.S. [17435], India K001152720
Maire, R.P. [s.n.], China K001153332
Herb Hepper, F.N. [4852], United Kingdom K001151210
Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158673
Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152422
Milliken, W. [1581], Indonesia K001153763
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151327
Daumlira, E.K. [D36], Uganda K001157848
Bourne [s.n.], India K001152724
Ingoldby, C.M. [553] K001151495
Lindsay, N. [1023], Iran K001151708
Rodway, J.A. [2140], Australia K001153918
Petterson, B. [16786], Sudan K001156479
Schweinfurth, G.A. [3242] K001156501
Scott Elliot, G.F. [7821], Uganda K001157847
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151277
s.coll [26], Sudan K001156481
Parker, W.G. [s.n.], Madagascar K001158961
Milliken, W. [1362], Indonesia K001153764
Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151244
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153515
s.coll [39], Morocco K001152225
Tilden, J.E. [832], Australia K001153924
Welwitsch [6099], Angola K001029772
Webster, M.M. [7077], United Kingdom K001151211
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153520
Bowen, H. [294], Australia K001153941
Bingham, M.G. [1544], Zambia K001158658
Simpson, N.D. [4460], Egypt K001151841
Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158670
Miller, A.G. [7196], Oman K001151689
Al-Kaisi [50616], Iraq K001151797
s.coll [1173], Pakistan K001152680
Monier Abd El Ghani [5151], Egypt K001151812
Thomas, A.S. [Th4070], Uganda K001157844
s.coll [298] K001157849
Sharma, B.D. [167857], India K001152718
Hohenacker, R.F. [1077], India K001152725
Mackee [3018], France K001169700
Platt, J.W.O. [609] K001151271
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116591
Lazat, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151761
Aellen, P. [63975] K001151297
Watson, G.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151757
Kotschy [184], Ethiopia K001156498
Hind [s.n.], Hong Kong K001152634
Komarov, V.L. [1376], China K001152347
Herb Wight [2326] K001152722
Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151269
Corley, R.H.V. [68], Iran K001151709
Phengklai, C. [3085], Thailand K001153335
Walter [232], Guam K001155573
s.coll [s.n.] K001151242
Welwitsch, F.M.J. [226], Portugal K001151306
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [394], Madagascar K001158960
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153522
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151236
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K001157834
Allizi, H. [34729], Iraq K001151752
Regel, A. [s.n.], Turkey K001152350
Hepper, F.N. [9760], France K001151289
Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [2565], Zambia K001158668
Keith, H.G. [352], Libya K001152233
al-Rawi, A. [19915], Iraq K001151745
s.coll [s.n.] K001152676
Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151728
Edgeworth, M.P. [7004] K001152732
Drummond, J.R. [20552], India K001152632
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K001153529
Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [4314], Netherlands K001151303
s.coll [405] K001151479
Andersen, J.S. [247], Iran K001151714
Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151729
Barclay, C.H.S. [2342], Nepal K001152637
s.coll [475] K001151315
Sahira [35830], Iraq K001151758
Monier Abd El Ghani [1453], Egypt K001151820
Dixon, S. [1/99], Pakistan K001152670
Kerr, A.F.G. [1231], Thailand K001153333
Martindale, G.E. [66], Spain K001151281
Similain [s.n.] K001160559
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151207
s.coll [s.n.] K001151756
Cuming, H. [s.n.] K001152656
Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153268
Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151836
Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152227
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152642
Royal Liberty School [86] K001151391
Renvoize, S.A. [2312], Tanzania K001157823
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116586
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116589
Kiriki, P. [KMK 75], Kenya K000662265
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152640
Baker, R.T. [s.n.] K001151361
Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151720
Field, H. [24], Iraq K001151741
Sandwith, C.I. [3169], United Kingdom K001151203
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151293
Barkley, F.A. [3716], Iraq K001151792
Hubbard, C.E. [3535], Australia K001153937
Andersson, N.J. [523], Tunisia K001152228
Mooney, H.F. [3160], India K001152646
Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152691
Turrill, W.B. [29/54], United Kingdom K001151260
Strid, A. [2882], Zambia K001158669
Gamble, J.S. [3398], India K001152674
Glover [180], Kenya K001157839
Collenette, I.S. [1730], Saudi Arabia K001151828
Hepper, F.N. [7696], Egypt K001152177
Herb. Léonard, J. [3708], Libya K001152240
Carew Hunt, T. [s.n.], Portugal K001152305
Burns, T.E. [433], Australia K001153925
Lake Chilwa Expedition [s.n.], Malawi K001158662
Maly, K. [2/71], Bosnia & Herzegovina K001151267
Drummond [s.n.], Canada K001159692
Wellman, F.C. [1776], Angola K001029771
Bayeru [s.n.] K001151668
Royen, F.A. [8], Iraq K001151748
Clarke, C.B. [27399B], India K001152671
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153508
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151206
Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151258
s.coll [s.n.] K001151291
Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151369
Powell, D.A. [410], Christmas I. K001153505
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151332
Ahlberg, N.F. [s.n.] K001151382
Boulos, L. [19046], Egypt K001151811
Angus, A. [1328], Zambia K001158671
Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151721
Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.] K001153525
Herb Morrison, A. [413], Australia K001153931
s.coll [38], Iraq K001151791
Kerr, A.F.G. [3500], Thailand K001153334
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151330
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151254
Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152421
Park, B.C. [3], Libya K001152231
Waterfall, C. [V.C.58] K001151222
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151233
Worsdell, W.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151240
Williams, G.R. [241], Kenya K001157837
Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159687
Abbas, H. [6161], Iraq K001151793
Herb Boissier, E. [s.n.] K001151318
Woolstar, A.L. [856], Paraguay K001161279
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151255
s.coll [230], Kenya K001157833
s.coll [69] K001152222
Bünnemeijer [4072], Indonesia K001153530
Tumill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151526
Edgeworth [7045] K001152626
Lambrecht, F.L. [90], Botswana K001158654
LeSueur, H. [441], Mexico K000063874
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153524
Boulos, L. [s.n.], Egypt K001151831
Favrat, L. [s.n.] K001151266
Cole, D.T. [923], Botswana K001158651
Trott, A.C. [1632], Saudi Arabia K001151684
Monier Abd El Ghani [4339], Egypt K001151822
Webster, M.M. [19314], United Kingdom K001151359
Wilson [s.n.] K001151199
Platt, J.W.O. [192] K001151272
Hepper, F.N. [4478], Sri Lanka K001152688
Beattie, J. [PL2010#26], St. Helena K000816069
Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152692
Wierzbicki, P.P. [s.n.], Hungary K001151378
Rawi [5951], Iraq K001151787
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152641
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151334
Elbert, J. [4541] K001153534
s.coll [97], Spain K001151280
s.coll [486] K001157845
Huter [s.n.], India K001152730
Iwatsuki, k. [T10367], Thailand K001153328
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151234
Siehe, W. [298], Turkey K001151665
Colvill, W.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151760
s.coll [s.n.] K001152653
Béguinot, A. [2516], Italy K001151381
Stapf, O. [s.n.] K001151699
s.coll [1023], Iran K001151704
s.coll [103], Libya K001152239
McDonald, J. [808], Kenya K001157835
Al-Kaisi [46068], Iraq K001151768
Bourne [472], India K001152728
Lousley, J.E. [53110157] K001151246
Sumithraarachchi, D.B. [512], Sri Lanka K001152684
Wierzbicki, P.P. [2375], Moldova K001151373
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152296
Vink, W. [16311], Papua New Guinea K001153771
s.coll [s.n.] K001151284
Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903978
Wang, C. [33561], China K001152462
Mackee [45969], France K001169699
Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152223
Burns, T.E. [611], Australia K001153926
Heller, T.M. [289], United Arab Emirates K001151825
Simpson, N.D. [5781], Egypt K001151838
s.coll [s.n.] K001152654
Drummond, J.R. [25868], India K001152661
Ellis, R. [557], India K001152740
Thomson, P.J. [481], Zambia K001158657
Simpson, N.D. [5663], Egypt K001151837
s.coll [D36] K001157851
Bai-Zhong, X. [4230], China K001152434
Beusekom, C.F. [1030], Thailand K001153329
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116585
Shabetai, J.R. [4851184], Egypt K001151807
MacDonald, E.C. [29], Australia K001153928
Lemos, F.L. de [s.n.], Portugal K001151304
Tanner, R. [3020], Tanzania K001157822
Thamer [46781], Iraq K001151763
Sandwith, N.Y. [3413], United Kingdom K001151223
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151247
Kotschy [313], Ethiopia K001156497
Al-Kaisi [51173], Iraq K001151800
Grove, A.T. [5] K001152220
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153514
Rohrlach, K.D. [290], Australia K001153943
Golde, D. [s.n.] K001151308
Scott Elliot, G.F. [7659], Uganda K001157850
Kuntze, C.E.O. [5999], Jawa K000788117 syntype
s.coll [s.n.] K001152638
Dixon, S. [148/99], Pakistan K001152669
Webster, M.M. [1996], United Kingdom K001151253
s.coll [s.n.] K001152224
s.coll [s.n.] K001152345
Maximowicz [s.n.], Russian Federation K001152349
s.coll [3580], Tanzania K001157825
Lochanko, T. [s.n.], Ukraine K001152346
Marshall, J. [JM104], United Kingdom K001169715
Ahmad, H. [9409], Iraq K001151795
Hepper, F.N. [4412], Sri Lanka K001152687
s.coll [66], United Kingdom K001151239
s.coll [161], Greece K001151377
Phipps, J.B. [1368], Zimbabwe K001158656
s.coll [s.n.] K001152721
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153517
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151198
Clark, C.B. [97B], United Kingdom K001151249
Jacquemont [s.n.] K001152734
Symon, D.E. [4531], Australia K001153942
Herb. Léonard, J. [s.n.], Libya K001152241
Hardial [528], Malaysia K001153270
Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152682
Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151834
s.coll [568], India K001152645
Pedley, L. [3012], Australia K001153939
Lousley, J.E. [W893], United Kingdom K001151235
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151326
s.coll [157], Tanzania K001157821
Alizzi, H. [35340], Iraq K001151737
Davis [50060], Libya K001152237
Everist, S.L. [7291], Australia K001153935
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151295
Koorders, S.H. [28666ß], Indonesia K001153511
Palmer, E. [204], Mexico K000063871
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] K001151195
Lea, J.D. [94], Sudan K001156483
Kerfoot, O. [2440], Kenya K001157836
Bogdan, A. [AB1774], Kenya K001157843
Allizi, H. [34653], Iraq K001151751
Croft, J. [NGF34532], Papua New Guinea K001153766
Herb Andrews, C. [658], Australia K001153932
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] K001151241
Octjabreva, N. [5887] K001151309
Kostermans [722], Indonesia K001153506
Robinson, H.C. [2450], Indonesia K001153531
s.coll [1135] K001151262
Balashova [s.n.], Ukraine K001151275
Evans, I.B.P. [936A], Tanzania K001157826
s.coll [48], Cyprus K001151730
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151201
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152297
Asplund, E. [1372], Sweden K001151311
Faulkner, H.G. [4858], Tanzania K001157819
Gandoger, M. [215], Tunisia K001152230
Koorders, S.H. [22839ß], Indonesia K001153512
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151220
Milne-Redhead, G. [259], United Kingdom K001151237
Bourne [3673] K001152619
Wood, J.J. [s.n.], India K001152738
Grisrieff, V. [s.n.], Bulgaria K001151268
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116588
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116592
Rawi [32404], Iraq K001151786
Tedd, H.G. [754] K001151496
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1626] K001158958
Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903976
Kobakhidze, L. [1009], Georgia K001151666
Whittaker [s.n.], Australia K001152623
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152741
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151200
Vine, R.S. [s.n.] K001151217
Hepper, F.N. [4600], Sri Lanka K001152693
Japp, R.N. [362] K001153276
Sandwith, C.I. [3170], United Kingdom K001151204
Polhill, R.M. [1207], Tanzania K001157828
Dowson, W.J. [482], Kenya K001157842
Smith, P.A. [1080], Botswana K001158652
Griffith [663], Afghanistan K001151696
Laukkonen, P. [18], Cyprus K001151724
Lomax, A.E. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151227
Grove, A.T. [31A], Chad K001152221
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151238
Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151256
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116594
Sprague, T.A. [383], Spain K001152298
Rodway, J.A. [s.n.], Australia K001153921
s.coll [1609], Tanzania K001157824
Nelson, D.J. [523], Australia K001153933
Butler, T. [s.n.] K001151290
Monier Abd El Ghani [4517], Egypt K001151821
s.coll [s.n.] K001152628
Brunner [s.n.], Senegal K001155761
s.coll [s.n.] K001169704
Gammie, G.A. [18462], India K001152635
Mooney, H.F. [2236], India K001152663
Bedi, R. [667] K001152715
Last, G.V.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151226
Lantoh, M. [San108976], Malaysia K001153527
Streimann, H. [NGF44518], Papua New Guinea K001153770
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116597
Mutimushi, J.M. [2820], Zambia K001158664
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116584
s.coll [102] K001151658
Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151294
Scarlett, M. [48], Portugal K001151305
Ash, R.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151523
McDonald, J. [1548], Kenya K001157841
Azores K000414064
s.coll [s.n.], Egypt K001151835
Last, J.T. [114], Oman K001151691
Collett, H. [111], India K001152629
Grierson, A.J.C. [1324], Bhutan K001152672
Hara, H. [1541], India K001152673
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151252
Newby, J.E. [ZP51], Nigeria K001155762
Batanouny, K.H. [2281], Qatar K001151669
Guest, E.R. [304], Iraq K001151789
Wood, D. [815], Uganda K000658423
Lazarides, M. [332], Australia K001153934
Barkley, F.A. [33Ir4015], Iraq K001151790
Henriques, C. [53] K001029773
Shabetal, J.R. [190], Egypt K001151832
Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152419
Thompson, G.W.S.M. [204], Tanzania K001157820
Sintenis, P.E.E. [918], Cyprus K001151726
Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152420
Coveny, R. [6087], Australia K001153916
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151250
Hepper, F.N. [4455], Sri Lanka K001152686
s.coll [s.n.] K001152736
Ratter, J.A. [4262], Brazil K000903981
Collett, H. [416], India K001152660
Matthew, K.M. [46324], India K001152666
Aitchison, J.E.T. [314], Afghanistan K001151692
Whiting, M.M. [35/60], Morocco K001152226
s.coll [s.n.] K001152731
Sontag [s.n.], South Korea K001152457
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153523
Bourgeau, E. [934], Spain K001152299
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152622
Drummond, J.R. [2293], India K001152649
Rodway, J.A. [2694], Australia K001153919
MacDonald, E.C. [233], Australia K001153920
Collett, R. [s.n.], Norway K001151310
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152658
Czernous, M. [s.n.], Ukraine K001151276
s.coll [462], Switzerland K001151288
Collenette, I.S. [6212], Saudi Arabia K001151680
Petterson, B. [16511], Sudan K001156478
Andronikos, H. [675], Cyprus K001151722
Omerz, S. [37810], Iraq K001151749
Drummond, J.R. [25857], India K001152662
Gamble, J.S. [29936], United Kingdom K001151216
Murray, G.W. [3787], Egypt K001151934
Herb Dalzell, N.A. [s.n.], India K001152679
Chin, S.C. [3713], Malaysia K001153277
s.coll [s.n.] K001151265
Boog [s.n.], Brazil K000903977
Bai-Zhong, X. [4195], China K001152435
Idjan [63], Indonesia K001153533
Tanaki Ammal, E.K. [1523], India K001152650
s.coll [s.n.] K001151325
Alizzi, H. [34718], Iraq K001151754
Memeryan [5159], Iraq K001151794
s.coll [4087] K001152675
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151218
Famzi [39509], Iraq K001151755
Whitehead, J.C. [JW162], Indonesia K001153526
Bourgeau, E. [2555], Mexico K000063875
Taylor, M. [126], Mexico K000063872
s.coll [4478A], India K001152655
Herb Churchillanum [449] K001151307
Pahlman, G. [s.n.] K001151322
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151525
Lousley, J.E. [W834], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151367
Sandwith, C.I. [3169a], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151368
Kucera, J. [171/1], Slovakia Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151380
Strobl, P.G. [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151313
Todaro, A. [875] Solanum moschatum K001151314
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151312
Solomon, J.C. [8611], Bolivia Solanum acutifolium K001162543

First published in Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Not accepted by

  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Minnesota Flora. An illustrated guide to the vascular plants of Minnesota ed. 2: 1-776. Steve W. Chadde. [Cited as Solanum ptychanthum.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Exell in Cat. S. Tomé 253.
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 218
  • Sp. Pl. 186 (1753) (incl. vars.)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3, 3: 162 (1912) pro parte.
  • Binns, First Check List Herb. Fl. Malawi: 99 (1968) saltem pro parte.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 177 (1906) saltem pro parte quoad specim. ex Malawi, Buchanan 7, non Lam. (1794).
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Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.123.31738 epublication.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 99 (1851)
  • Afr. Indig. Veget.: 188 (2000)
  • African Journal of Ecology, 43:158 (2005);
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 190 (1992) sensu lato
  • Boissier, Fl. Orient. 4: 284 (1879) pro parte
  • Bothalia 18(1): 82 (1988)
  • Bothalia 25(1): 46 (1995)
  • Contrib. Queensland Herb. 16: 19 (1974)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 50 (1852)
  • Dunal, Synopsis: 12 (1816)
  • Durand & Durand, Syll. Fl. Cong.: 393 (1909)
  • E. & P. Pf.: 22 (1895)
  • E.J. 38: 178 (1907)
  • E.P.A.: 874 (1963)
  • Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 28 (1997)
  • F.P.N.A.: 874 (1947) pro parte
  • F.R. 63: 290 (1960)
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 216 (1906) sensu lato
  • F.W.T.A. 2nd ed., 2: 335 (1963)
  • F.Z. 8(4): 85 (2005);
  • Fl. Brit. India: 229 (1885) sensu lato
  • Fl. Cap., 4(1): 89 (1904) sensu lato
  • Fl. Egypt 3: 39 (2002);
  • Fl. Egypt, Family 159: 18 (1998)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 117 (2006);
  • Fl. Europ. 3: 197 (1972)
  • Fl. Iran.: 7 (1972) sensu lato
  • G. Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl. 4: 412 (1837)
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 3: 745 (1898)
  • Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 372 (1892)
  • Huxley et al., New RHS Dict. Gard. 4: 319 (1992)
  • Israel Journ. Bot. 27: 94 (1978)
  • Jaeger, Syst. studies Solanum in Africa: 299 (1985, ined.);
  • Journ. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 46 (1981)
  • Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 2: 73 (1872)
  • Légum. Afr. Indig.: 373 (2004);
  • Manoko, Syst. Study African Solanum sect. Solanum: chapters 1, 5–8 (2007).
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  • P.O.A. C: 351 (1896)
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  • Pers., Syn. Pl., 1: 224 (1805)
  • Phytoparasitica 13(1): 63 (1985)
  • Pl. Cabo Verde 8: 177 (1980):
  • Post, Fl. Syria, Palestine & Sinai: 257 (1933)
  • Purdie et al., Fl. Austral. 29: 99 (1982)
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 308 (1972)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 186 (1753)
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda: 380 (1985)
  • Täckholm, Students Fl. Egypt, ed. 2: 473 (1974) pro parte
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 242 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F: 526 (1974) sensu lato
  • Uganda: papers i-vi (2004)
  • W.F.K.: 89 (1948)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0