1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Echium Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Central Asia, N. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial hispid herbs or shrubs with an indumentum of tubercle-based setae and often an underlayer of short stiff adpressed or spreading hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, with lateral helicoid cymes often much enlarging in fruit
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply 5-lobed, usually accrescent
    Corolla
    Corolla blue, purple, yellow or white; tube broadly to narrowly funnel-shaped, straight, ± hairy outside, inside usually with a ring of 5–10 distinct scales or lobes or an undulate entire somewhat fleshy collar-like membrane at the base; throat ± oblique, open; limb usually oblique with unequal lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, often unequal, included or exserted
    Pistil
    Style exserted; stigma bifid or sometimes capitate
    Fruits
    Nutlets 4, ± triangular at the base, usually rugose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Brazil South, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Illinois, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Primorye, Sakhalin, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tennessee, Uruguay, Vermont

    Echium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1911], Morocco K000564903
    Rico, L. [1946], Morocco K000564872

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 139 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 175 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 139 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0