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This species is accepted, and its native range is Yukon to Central America, Venezuela, Peru.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; short-lived. Culms 30-100 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 0.75 of their length closed; pilose. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate; 0.5 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; glabrous on abaxial surface, or pilose on abaxial surface; erose. Leaf-blades 3-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous to pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 10-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending. Panicle branches terete. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 15-45 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 15-45 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-9 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-15 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5(-7) -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 11-15 mm long; herbaceous; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous to pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 3-15 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 1-5 mm long; eventually exserted, or retained within floret. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Europe: northern and central. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Pac NW 1993.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with soft dead sheaths. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 45-80 cm long. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Leaf-sheaths pubescent to hirsute. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 8-14 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 5-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; simple. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-11 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; (3-)5-7(-9) -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-13 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 7-9(-11) -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-14(-17) mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; distinctly keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; (3-)4-8(-10) mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 4.5-6 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex fleshy.
Distribution
North America: northwest USA and southwest .
Reference
Bromeae. Pavlick 2010.

Doubtfully present in:

Cyprus

Native to:

Alberta, British Columbia, California, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Oregon, Peru, Venezuela, Washington, Yukon

Introduced into:

Alaska, Austria, Belgium, China North-Central, Colorado, Cyprus, Germany, Great Britain, Illinois, Kansas, Korea, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Ontario, Poland, Taiwan, Transcaucasus

Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Douglas [221] K000913873
Douglas [s.n.], California K000913856
Coulter [760], California K000913858
Cope, T.A. [RBG 101], United Kingdom K000914547
s.coll. [s.n.] K000308515
Scouler, J. [s.n.] K000913874
Fremont, J.C. [450], California K000913871
Geyer, C.A. [244], USA K000913860
Douglas [s.n.], Oregon K000913855
Pringle, C.G. [4897], Mexico K000308514
Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Oregon K000913859
Coulter [764], California K000913857
Douglas [s.n.] K000913854
s.coll. [766] K000913872
Gay, J.E. [s.n.] K000913625

First published in Bot. Beechey Voy.: 403 (1840)

Accepted by

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dickoré, W.B. & Springer, S. (2016). Weitere Notizen zur Flora von München Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 86: 262-276.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Saarela, J.M., Peterson, P.M. & Váldes-Reyna, J. (2014). A taxonomic revision of Bromus (Poaceae: Pooideae: Bromeae) in México and Central America Phytotaxa 185(1): 1-147.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dickoré, W.B. & Springer, S. (2016). Weitere Notizen zur Flora von München Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 86: 262-276.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • USDA, NRCS (2005- continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0