1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Dactylis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to Temp. Eurasia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-140 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma obovate; laterally compressed; lanceolate in profile, or oblong in profile; herbaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein pectinately ciliate. Lemma lateral veins extending close to apex. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe, or Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia, or Australasia, or Pacific, or North America, or South America, or Antarctica.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a lobed, 1-sided, condensed panicle, the branches crowded with compact fascicles of spikelets
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–5-flowered, strongly laterally compressed, almost sessile; glumes persistent, unequal, 1–3-nerved; lemmas strongly compressed and keeled, herbaceous with membranous margins, 5-nerved, shortly awned; palea shorter than or as long as the lemma.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Saudi Arabia, Yemen

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Jawa

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Fiji, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Marquesas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Dactylis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 71 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 34 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 71 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0