1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Platanthera Rich.
      1. Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Siberia to N. & Central Japan and Aleutian Islands (Attu Island).

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    Anhui, Fujian, Hong Kong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia (Kamchatka, Sakhalin)].

    General Description

    Plants 20-40 cm tall. Rootstock tuberous, narrowly fusiform to cylindric, elongate, 3.5-5 × 0.3-0.6 cm. Stem slender, with a tubular sheath at base, 1-leaved. Leaf oblong-elliptic, 5-11 × 0.8-2 cm, base clasping, apex obtuse. Peduncle slender, with 2 or 3 foliaceous, ovate-lanceolate bracts; rachis 6-12 cm, sparsely many flowered; floral bracts narrowly lanceolate, 12-15 mm, basal ones exceeding ovary. Flowers yellowish green; pedicel and ovary cylindric, 9-12 mm, slender. Dorsal sepal erect, forming a hood with petals, broadly ovate, cymbiform, 2.5-3 × 2-2.5 mm, glabrous, 3-veined, apex obtuse; lateral sepals reflexed, narrowly elliptic, 3-3.5 × 1.2-1.3 mm, glabrous, 3-veined, apex obtuse. Petals erect, ovate to narrowly ovate, oblique, 2.5-3 × 1-1.5 mm, slightly fleshy, 1-veined, apex obtuse; lip spreading horizontally to pendulous, broadly linear, 5-6 × 1.2-1.5 mm, entire, apex obtuse; spur slightly pendulous, sometimes incurved, cylindric, 12-17 mm, slender, apex obtuse. Column ca. 1.5 mm; anther locules nearly parallel; connective slightly concave; pollinia obovoid, with short caudicles and suborbicular viscidia; rostellum rather small; stigma lobes confluent, concave, lying directly below rostellum.

    Habitat

    Dense forests on slopes, forest margins along valleys; 700-1700 m.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Manchuria

    Native to:

    Aleutian Is., Amur, Chita, Japan, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin, Yakutskiya

    Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2011 Fischer, F.E.L.von [s.n.], Kamchatka K000796996 Unknown type material
    Eyerdam, W.J. [s.n.], Russian Federation K000480085
    Furuse, M. [44272], Japan K000480073
    Furuse, M. [9170], Japan K000480074
    Furuse, M. [38845], Japan K000480075
    Furuse, M. [40138], Japan K000480081
    Furuse, M. [46742], Japan K000480082
    Furuse, M. [38886], Japan K000480083
    Hultén, E. [423], Russian Federation K000480086
    Schaack, G.B. van [808], USA K000480068
    [Komapoez] [s.n.], Russian Federation K000480087
    Glehn [s.n.], Russian Federation K000480088

    First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 285 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.
    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    • Xinqi, C., Gale, S.W. & Cribb, P.J. 31. Platanthera Richard. Flora of China 25, 101–114 (2009).

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved