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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew and R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual or unisexual, with ± well-developed staminodes and pistillode, pedicellate, with pedicels articulated at or above the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5(–7), unequal or equal, imbricate, ± united, with margin entire or ciliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4–)5(–6), white to yellow or sometimes green or red, imbricate in bud, spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc intrastaminal, single, convex to shallowly concave, entire or shallowly (4–)5–10(–12)-lobed or -angled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (4–)5(–6), with filaments thin or flattened, free or united with the base of the disc; anthers versatile or subbasifixed, introrse, usually reddish if sterile, persistent or deciduous, with separate thecae dehiscing longitudinally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, sessile, almost free or up to half-immersed in the disc, 2–3(–4)-locular, with 2 erect collateral ovules in each locule; style short or ± elongated, cylindric, simple; stigma 2–3(–4)-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular, coriaceous or woody to papyraceous or somewhat fleshy, without wings or emergences, dehiscing loculicidally to the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–6(–8), glossy, red-brown, with a yellow or more rarely white or purple aril forming a fleshy basal cupule or a partial or complete thin covering, not winged, with or without fleshy endosperm.
Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or rhizomatous shrublets, erect or scrambling or sarmentose, rarely scandent, rarely with latex, glabrous to ± pubescent; branches terete to lined or angular, sometimes ending in a spine, frequently condensed to form short shoots
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spiral or fasciculate (on short shoots), entire or not, petiolate or rarely subsessile (M. conferta); stipules free, small, persistent (M. conferta), caducous or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, dichasial to monochasial or fasciculate, few–many-flowered, single in axils of foliage leaves or in clusters on short shoots, or rarely in axils of bracts forming “panicles”; bracts persistent

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or rhizomatous shrublets, erect or scrambling or sarmentose or rarely scandent, rarely with latex, glabrous to ± pubescent; branches terete to lined or angular, sometimes ending in a spine, frequently condensed to form short shoots.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spiral or fasciculate (on short shoots), entire or with margin denticulate, petiolate; stipules free, small, caducous or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, dichasial to monochasial or fasciculate, many- to few-flowered, single in axils of foliage leaves or in clusters on short shoots, or rarely in axils of bracts forming “panicles”; bracts persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual or unisexual with ± well-developed staminodes and pistillode, pedicellate, with pedicels articulated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5(6), unequal or equal, imbricate, ± united, with margin entire or ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4)5(6), white to yellow or sometimes green or red, imbricate in bud, spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk intrastaminal, single, convex to shallowly concave, entire or shallowly (4)5–10(12)-lobed or -angled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (4)5(6), with filaments thin or flattened, free or united with the base of the disk; anthers versatile or sub-basifixed, introrse, usually reddish if sterile, with separate thecae dehiscing longitudinally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, sessile, almost free or up to 1/2-immersed in the disk, 2–3(4)-locular, with 2 erect collateral ovules in each loculus; style short or ± elongated, cylindric, simple; stigma 2–3(4)-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular, coriaceous or woody to papyraceous or somewhat fleshy, without emergences, dehiscing loculicidally to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–6(8), glossy, red-brown, with yellow or more rarely white or purple aril forming a fleshy basal cupule or a partial or complete thin covering, with or without fleshy endosperm.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, glabrous to pubescent, mostly dioecious; branches round, lined to angled, usually with spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, or clustered on short shoots, entire to serrate; stipules free, falling quickly, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers mostly functionally unisexual with staminodes in female and pistillodes in male flowers, or bisexual Inflorescences pedunculate or sessile, cymose, solitary or clustered in axils of leaves or on branches; pedicels articulated; bracts persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5(–6), imbricate in bud, entire to fimbriate, sometimes ciliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5(–6), imbricate in bud, entire to toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk intrastaminal, often 5–10-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5(–6) with filaments attached to the base of the disk; anthers introrse, with 2 thecae dehiscing longitudinally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, 1/4–3/4 immersed in the disk; style with 2–3(–4) stigma lobes (may appear capitate on pistillode)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule, obconic to globose or pear-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–4(–8), glossy, redddish brown to orange; aril white, yellow or purple (mostly white when young), basally or partially to completely covering the seed.
Distribution
About 180 species in the tropics and subtropics.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

California, Falkland Is., Myanmar, New York, Tadzhikistan

Maytenus Molina appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 2, 2000 Nascimento, F.H.F. [137], Brazil K001078280
Nov 9, 1985 Rambo, B. [42290], Brazil K001072383
Jan 1, 1980 Harley, R.M. [18395], Brazil K001078298
Jan 1, 1978 Irwin, H.S. [47983], Brazil K001072378
Jan 1, 1978 Irwin, H.S. [48342], Brazil K001072376
Jan 1, 1978 Irwin, H.S. [47486], French Guiana K001072377
Jan 1, 1978 Irwin, H.S. [48322], Brazil K001072379
Nov 24, 1977 Ramos, J. [6708], Brazil K001072399
Jan 1, 1975 Prance, G.T. [14477], Brazil K001072408
Jan 1, 1971 Fróes, R.L. [21544], Brazil K001072389
Jan 1, 1940 Ule, E. [6965], Brazil K001072391
Fay, J.M. [7325], Central African Republic 60363.000
Pennington, T.D. [17085], Peru 64716.000
Pennington, T.D. [17077], Peru 73400.000
Etuge, M. [3714], Cameroon K000437519
Laurênio, A. [267], Brazil K001078240
Leitão Filho, H.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001078246
Rodal, M.J.N. [609], Brazil K001078253
Tschá, M. [172], Brazil K001078254
Saar, E. [5609], Brazil K001078267
Atkins, S. [4594], Brazil K001078269
Agra, M.F. [665], Brazil K001072413
Silva, S.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001072414
Ratter, J.A. [6472], Brazil K001072418
Menezes, E. [77], Brazil K001078221
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 14159], Brazil K001078283
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 14352], Brazil K001078284
Glaziou, A. [2511], Brazil K001072358
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001072361
Vauthier [150], Brazil K001072368
s.coll. [994], Brazil K001072369
Gardner [5693], Brazil K001072375
Hering, D.V. [18], Brazil K001072382
Passos, L.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001078272
Dusén, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001072396
Leitão Filho, H.F. [10257], Brazil K001072411
Inácio, E. [2], Brazil K001072412
Ferreira, C.A.C. [8028], Brazil K001072419
Glaziou, A. [20219], Brazil K001072350
Sales, M.F. de [343], Brazil K001078255
Sales, M.F. de [663], Brazil K001078251
Gomes, A.I. [s.n.], Brazil K001072363
Gardner, G. [5693], Brazil K001078220
Lucena, M.F.A. [46], Brazil K001078236
Furlan, A. [CFCR 7520], Brazil K001078290
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 14279], Brazil K001078286
Harley, R.M. [PCD 6039], Brazil K001078273
Silva, M.B. [93], Brazil K001072390
Prance, G.T. [9154], Brazil K001072381
Passos, L.C. [5772], Brazil K001078274
Laurênio, A. [128], Brazil K001078261
Tschá, M.C. [13], Brazil K001078230
Dusén, P. [11417], Brazil K001072395
Giulietti, A.M. [CFCR6754], Brazil K001078293
Rodal, M.J.N. [535], Brazil K001078263
Glaziou, A. [18991], Brazil K001072385
Pereira, B.A.S. [1004], Brazil K001072409
Ferreira, C.A.C. [8046], Brazil K001072416
Saar, E. [PCD 5700], Brazil K001078271
Carvalho, A.M.V. [208], Brazil K001078289
Ribeiro, R.D. [1004], Brazil K001078244
Eiten, G. [8362], Brazil K001072387
Hora, M.J. [8], Brazil K001078259
Glaziou [18156], Brazil K001072352
Dusén, P. [15124], Brazil K001072393
Marcon, A.B. [153], Brazil K001078248
Gardner [5381], Brazil K001072364
Tschá, M.C. [215], Brazil K001078226
Swanson [s.n.], Brazil K001072372
Gardner [3638], Brazil K001072388
Eiten, G. [8884-B], Brazil K001072386
Krieger, L. [23989], Brazil K001072404
Furlan, A. [CFCR 1636], Brazil K001078279
Atkins, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001078266
Gardner [4491], Brazil K001072401
Sales, M.F. de [330], Brazil K001078250
Taylor, N.P. [1597], Brazil K001078277
Hind, D.J.N. [71], Brazil K001072427
Inácio, E. [2], Brazil K001078229
Silva, D.C. [89], Brazil K001078256
Glaziou [8314], Brazil K001072359
Ratter, J.A. [6083], Brazil K001072405
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001072373
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001072374
Lima, H.C. [4021], Brazil K001072410
Glaziou [7571], Brazil K001072362
Roque, N. [CFCR 14920], Brazil K001078295
Pereira, B.A.S. [276], Brazil K001072426
Laurênio, A. [208], Brazil K001078258
Ferreira, C.A.C. [7699], Brazil K001072421
Fiaschi, P. [564], Brazil K001078245
Figueiredo, L.S. [103], Brazil K001078262
Harley, R.M. [PCD 6174], Brazil K001078268
Tschá, M.T. [438], Brazil K001078234
Tschá, M.C. [215], Brazil K001078225
Villarouco, F.M.O. [135], Brazil K001078238
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001072371
Ferreira, C.A.C. [8028], Brazil K001072420
Roque, N. [14920], Brazil K001072403
Sano, P.T. [CFCR 14551], Brazil K001078275
Plowman, T. [2754], Brazil K001072356
Cheek, M. [10811], Cameroon 65007.000
Dusén, P. [10368], Brazil K001072397
Marcon, A.B. [14], Brazil K001078222
Glaziou [8326], Brazil K001072354
Oliveira, M. [130], Brazil K001078233
Mosén [s.n.], Brazil K001072384
Gomes, A.P.S. [208], Brazil K001078224
Dusén, P. [10316], Brazil K001072398
Heringer, E.P. [17467-B], Brazil K001072423
Blanchet [1541], Brazil K001072366
Oliveira, M. [49], Brazil K001078247
Sales, M.F. de [312], Brazil K001078264
Rodal, M.J.N. [340], Brazil K001078265
Pimentel, D.S. [2], Brazil K001078232
Burchell [2721], Brazil K001072367
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 14197], Brazil K001078281
Gardner [4491], Brazil K001072400
Nic Lughadha, E. [6170], Brazil K001078276
Heringer, E.P. [7270], Brazil K001072425
Lira, S.S. [85], Brazil K001078239
Pirani, J.R. [2847], Brazil K001078243
Silva, D.C. [37], Brazil K001078228
Krukoff, B.A. [5562], Brazil K001072392
Glaziou, A. [18185], Brazil K001072355
Heringer, E.P. [552], Brazil K001072424
Menezes, E. [77], Brazil K001078231
Oldeman [962], French Guiana K001072406
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 14279], Brazil K001078285
França, F. [1198], Brazil K001078291
Harley, R.M. [CFCR 7605], Brazil K001078292
Roque, N. [CFCR 14920], Brazil K001078294
Prance, G.T. [9144], Brazil K001072380
Glaziou, A. [10466], Brazil K001072351
Willians, L.O. [7500], Brazil K001072402
Nadruz, M. [524], Brazil K001078241
Jönsoan, G. [95a], Brazil K001072394
Costa-Silva, M.B. [328], Brazil K001078237
Atkins, S. [CFCR 14723], Brazil K001078297
Silva, L.F. [210], Brazil K001078252
Laurênio, A. [128], Brazil K001078260
Heringer, E.P. [6103], Brazil K001072422
Rodal, M.J.N. [333], Brazil K001078227
Ratter, J.A. [R 7332], Brazil K001078287
Calderon, C.E. [2718], Brazil K001072415
Sales, M.F. de [330], Brazil K001078219
Glaziou, A. [10470], Brazil K001072360
Hind, D.J.N. [71], Brazil K001072428
Nic Lughadha, E. [5963], Brazil K001078270
Lucena, M.F.A. [46], Brazil K001078235
Peron, M. [866], Brazil K001078242
s.coll. [1000], Brazil K001072365
Noblick, L.R. [2539], Brazil K001078278
Hind, D.J.N. [71], Brazil K001078299
Sales, M.F. de [313], Brazil K001078257
Tschá, M. [371], Brazil K001078223
Silva, L.A.M. [196], Brazil K001078288
Cunningham [s.n.], Brazil K001072357
Fróes, R.L. [23538], Brazil K001072417
Glaziou, A. [20220], Brazil K001072353
Harley. [20778], Brazil K001078296
Laurênio, A. [100], Brazil K001078249
s.coll. [1000], Brazil K001072370
Ratter, J.A. [6924], Brazil K001072407
Harley, R.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001078282

First published in Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili: 177 (1782)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Blakelock in Taxon 3: 196 (1954).
  • Exell & Mendonca Consp. Fl. Ang. 2: 1 (1954)
  • Loes. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20B: 134 (1942)
  • Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 764 (1824–5)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Saggio Chile: 177 (1782).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Sebsebe Demissew in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 25(2): 1–101 (1985).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Exell & Mendonça, C.F.A. 2: 1 (1954)
  • Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 200 (1982)
  • Loes. in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 20b: 134 (1942)
  • Marais in Bothalia 7: 381–386 (1960)
  • N. Robson & Sousa in Fl. Moçamb. 48: 5 (1969)
  • N. Robson in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 39: 6 (1965)
  • R. Wilczek in F.C.B. 9: 114 (1960)
  • Saggio Chile: 177 (1782)
  • Sebsebe in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 25(2): 1–101 (1985)
  • in F.Z. 2: 358 (1966)
  • in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 331 (1990)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0