1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Ferula Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to W. Himalaya and Ethiopia, E. Central Europe to Mongolia.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, frequently very large, glabrous to ± pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately decomposite with broad to filiform segments; sheaths usually large, soft to rigid, amplexicaul and cup-like
    Inflorescences
    Umbels numerous, compound, sessile or pedunculate; involucre absent; involucel absent or present
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamous, the lower umbels frequently solitary and unisexual, the upper paniculate-corymbose in groups of a central generally sessile or shortly pedunculate larger hermaphrodite umbel subtended by 2–4 lateral ♂ umbels
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth small and shrivelling to obsolete
    Corolla
    Petals creamy to bright yellow or greenish, broad, acute to acuminate at the incurved to inflexed tip
    Fruits
    Fruit very strongly dorsally compressed, with expanded marginal ribs and 3 narrow but frequently sharply prominent dorsal primary ribs; vittae solitary in the valleculae and 2 on the commissure to very numerous all round the pericarp and sometimes extending into the lateral ribs; stylopodia shortly conical from the centre of a broad, usually undulate-margined disk; carpophore deeply bifid
    Seeds
    Endosperm very flattened, pentagonal to subterete, somewhat concave on the commissural face.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Laos

    Ferula Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 246 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 117 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 246 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0