1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Grewia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrubs or smallish trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, serrate or very rarely entire, 3–7-nerved at the base, petiolate; stipules lateral.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal or axillary panicles or in leaf-opposed or axillary umbel-like cymes.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, linear-oblong or linear-spathulate, stellately hairy outside, often coloured within like the petals.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, shorter than the sepals, yellow, purplish-blue or white, usually with a nectariferous claw or gland at the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens indefinite, free, usually raised on a torus or androgynophore which is short and glabrous or produced above into a pubescent extension.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–4-locular, entire or 2–4-lobed, with 2 to many axile ovules in each loculus; style longer than the ovary, with subulate or flattened lobes or almost entire.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1–4-lobed drupe or berry with 1–4 pyrenes; mesocarp somewhat fleshy or fibrous; endocarp hard and woody.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs, often scandent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, 3–5-nerved from the base, margins serrate to ± entire, petiolate; stipules entire or divided, caducous or sometimes persistent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, leaf-opposed axillary or terminal cymes, or many-flowered panicles in sect. Microcos
    Bracts
    Bracts 3 at base of pedicels, small, ovate to linear, caducous, often falling while still in bud, rarely persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers white, yellow or pink to purple, bisexual or possibly rarely unisexual, (4–)5-merous
    Calyx
    Sepals linear-lanceolate to oblong or slightly spathulate, stellate-pubescent outside, usually the same colour as the petals inside
    Corolla
    Petals shorter than the sepals, oblong to subcircular, with a nectariferous claw at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, attached to the hairy node of the androgynophore
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–4-locular, entire or 2–4-lobed, with 2–many axile ovules; style similar in length to the stamens; stigma with subulate or flattened lobes (or unlobed in sect. Microcos )
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1–4-lobed drupe with 1–4 pyrenes; mesocarp somewhat fleshy or fibrous; endocarp hard and woody
    Figures
    Fig. 3.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Puerto Rico

    Grewia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2014 Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132959
    Ash [917], Ethiopia 37251.000
    Ash [807], Ethiopia 37835.000
    Ash [454], Ethiopia 6049.345
    Richards, H.M. [21334], Tanzania 34731.000
    Harris, D.J. [1484], Central African Republic 60373.000
    Etuge, M. [387], Cameroon K000094532
    Etuge, M. [187], Cameroon K000094536
    Etuge, M. [4746], Cameroon K000746361
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7427] K001127327
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7427] K001127328

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 964 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 242.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Burret in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 44: 198–238 (1910)
    • Bot. Jahrb. 45: 156–203 (1910).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 412 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 964 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Burret in E.J. 44: 198–238 (1910)
    • in E.J. 45: 156–203 (1910)
    • Mast. in F.T.A. 1: 242–254 (1868)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 412 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 964 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/