1. Family: Aristolochiaceae Juss.
    1. Hydnora Thunb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Hydnoraceae, Lytton J. Musselman. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Habit
    Subterranean root parasites. Plant-body a large, verrucose, firmly-fleshy “rhizome” with widely spreading branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves absent.
    Flowers
    Flowers arising directly from the plant body and remaining partially below ground level, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, solitary, 3–4(5)-merous.
    Perianth
    Perianth fleshy-coriaceous, valvately 3–4(5)-lobed; the lobes equalling or exceeding the perianth tube in length.
    Androecium
    Androecium inserted on the hypanthium, comprising a complex structure of 3–4(5) fused anthers in the form of a large undulating ring with very numerous horizontally elongate pollen sacs; undulations opposite the perianth lobes.
    Ovary
    Ovary inferior, unilocular, with numerous infolded, pendant accrescent placentas; ovules numerous.
    Stigma
    Stigma sessile, cushion-shaped, 3–5-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit a subterranean fleshy berry with a woody pericarp; seeds numerous in a flesh-coloured pulp, minute.
    [FTEA]

    Hydnoraceae, Henk Beentje & Quentin Luke. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Leafless, chlorophyll-less, root parasites; plant body subterranean, large, warty, rhizome-like structure with many branches
    Flowers
    Flowers arising directly from the plant body, partly subterranean
    Anthers
    Anthers sessile, forming a lobed ring on the hypanthium, with elongate, bisporangiate pollen sacs with longitudinal slits
    Stigma
    Stigma mostly 3–5-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit a subterranean fleshy berry with a woody pericarp; seeds many.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Réunion

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Hydnora Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Badaza, R. 64808.000
    Badaza, R. 64809.000

    First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 36: 69 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Beentje, H. & Luke, Q. (2002). Hydnoraceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-8.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 36: 69 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapakad. Handl. 36: 69, t. 2 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0