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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koeler

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subarctic Northern Hemisphere, Peru to S. South America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 30-100 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Leaf-sheaths without keel; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; entire; truncate. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 30-60 cm long; 1.5-5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or antrorsely scabrous above. Panicle contracted; lanceolate to oblong; 7-20 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed; 3-6 cm long. Panicle branches terete; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; terete; 0.5-2 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.6-0.75 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.6-0.75 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1.2-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface asperulous. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.3-0.5 way up back of lemma; straight; 1-2 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea elliptic; 0.6-0.7 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Rhachilla extension 0.2 length of fertile floret; pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; lanceolate. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Hilum punctiform. Endosperm farinose. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA. South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. CEH.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Argentina South, Arizona, Baltic States, Belarus, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Central European Rus, Chile South, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Svalbard, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Extinct in:

    France, Switzerland

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koeler appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lechler, W. [1234], Magellanes K000308468
    Cunningham, R.O. [s.n.], Chile K000308469
    Fries, E. [s.n.], Sweden K000838322

    Bibliography

    First published in Descr. Gramin.: 105 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 10: 1-590. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Nikolin, E.G. (2013). Conspectus florae resource rezervat "Suntar-Hayata" republic Sakha (Yakutia) Rastitel'nyj mir Aziatskoj Rossii 2(11): 47-57.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 10: 1-590. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0