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  1. Family: Plumbaginaceae Juss.
    1. Plumbago Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Plumbaginaceae, A. R. Vickery. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Perennial herbs or shrubs.
    Leaves alternate, simple.
    Flowers in alternate 1–flowered spikelets grouped in elongated terminal spikes.
    Calyx tubular, 5–ribbed, scarious.
    Corolla with narrow tube.
    Stamens free.
    Ovary 1–locular; style 1 with 5 stigma lobes.
    Fruit a capsule, membranous, enclosed in persistent calyx, dehiscing in a complete ring near base and often splitting into 5 valves from below.

    Plumbaginaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Perennial herbs or shrubs
    Leaves alternate, simple
    Flowers in alternate 3-bracteate 1 - flowered spikelets grouped into elongated terminal spikes; central (outer) bract largest
    Calyx tubular, 5-ribbed, scarious between ribs, 5-toothed
    Corolla with narrow tube and rotate limb
    Stamens free
    Ovary 1-locular; style 1, with 5 stigma-lobes
    Fruit a capsule, membranous, with 5 small apical reflexed lobes, 1-seeded, enclosed in the persistent calyx, dehiscent by a complete ring near base, often splitting into 5 valves from below
    Seed dark brown or black, long, narrow, slightly flattened, tapering slightly towards apex, surface colliculate; hilum small, oval, in a longitudinal depression.



    Doubtfully present in:


    Native to:

    Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ascension, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cook Is., Czechoslovakia, Fiji, Hawaii, Laccadive Is., Madeira, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Tonga

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Plumbago Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 151 (1753)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 3: 486.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 75 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 151 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 75 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 151 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.