1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Asparagus Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe and Africa to N. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Note
    Description as for the family.
    [KBu]

    Hamdi SMM et al. 2017. Asparagus bojnurdensis (Asparagaceae), a new species from Iran. Kew Bulletin 72:22. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9691-8

    Note
    Table 1. Comparison of Asparagus bojnurdensis with A. verticillatus and A. khorasanensis
    Characters A. bojnurdensis A. verticillatus A. khorasanensis
    Stem (cm) 80 - 120 70 - 90 30 - 70
    Stem diam. (mm) 7-8 3-5 1.5 - 2
    Branch type of stem bent bent straight
    Leaves type scale or membrane scale or membrane scale or membrane
    Colour of plant glaucous green usually glaucous
    Cladode number 1-5 5- 12 2-4
    Cladode type triangular linear cylindrical
    Cladode apex acute acute acute
    Longest cladodes (mm) 25 30 50
    Cladode equal/unequal unequal unequal unequal
    Cladode diam. (mm) 1-2 0.4 - 0.5 1.5 - 2
    Spur (crowed leaf) size (mm) 1.7 - 2.2 1.3 - 1.6 2 - 2.5
    Cladode straight/curved straight straight straight/curved
    Pedicels (mm) 0.3 2 1-2
    Number of flowers on base of branch 2 1 1
    Calyx (mm) 3 - 3.3 2 - 2.2 7-8
    Berry (mm) 7-8 5- 5.5 7-8
    Berry stalk (mm) 1 - 1.3 2 - 2.2 1
    Seed number 1 2 1-2
    Seed size (mm) 5-6 2- 2.5 4.5 - 5
    Seed shape spherical spherical spherical
    Size of surface of periclinal cell wall of seed (μm) 25 - 30 x 15 - 20 7 - 25 x 5 - 15 32 - 48 (-50) x 25 - 30 (-35)
    Shape of surface cells of seed irregular hexagonal irregular penta- and hexagonal irregular penta- and hexagonal
    Ornamentation of surface cells of seed papillate rough smooth
    Ornamentation of periclinal walls rough papillate smooth
    Size of surface of periclinal cell wall of fruit (pm) 22 - 66 x 30 - 40 25 - 65 x 20 - 50 32 - 48 (- 50) x 25 - 30 (-35)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Comoros, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Baltic States, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Chagos Archipelago, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nauru, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Samoa, Saskatchewan, Solomon Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Asparagus Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    11009.000
    Gimingham, C.H. [CY50], Libya K000809343

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Hamdi, S. M. M. & Assadi, M. (2009). Asparagus khorasanensis (Asparagaceae), a new species from Iran. Feddes Repert. 120 (78): 419 - 426.
    • Sebsebe, D. (2008). Four new species of Asparagus (Asparagaceae) from the Flora Zambesiaca area. Kew Bull. 63: 269 - 275.
    • Thiers, B. (2008) (continuously updated): Index Herbariorum. http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/In-dexHerbarium. asp
    • Browicz, K. (1990). In: K. H. Rechinger, Flora Iranica 165:1 69 - 1 76. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Davis, P. H. (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 67 - 358. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wendelbo, P. (1964). In: K. H. Rechinger, Flora of Lowland Iraq. Pp: 143 - 160. J. Cramer, Weinheim. (1985). In: C. C. Townsend & E. Guest, Flora of Iraq 8: 179 - 183. Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad & Benthan Moxon Trust, Kew.
    • Parsa, A. (1949). Flore de I'Iran 5: 370 - 386. University of Tehran, Tehran.
    • Iljin, M. (1935). Asparagus. In: V. L. Komarov (ed.), Flora URSS. 4: Pp. 424 - 442. Editio Academiae scientiarum URSS, Leningrad.
    • Baker, J. G. (1875). Revision ofthe genera and species of Asparagaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14: 508 - 632.
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 435.
    • Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubutzki & Rudall in Kubutzki (ed.), Flowering Plants, Monocotyledons: Lilianae (except Orchidaceae) 3: 128 (1998)
    • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 31– 96 (1966)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 313 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/