1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Procris Comm. ex Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, sometimes shrubs, sometimes epiphytic, stems often rather juicy or succulent, monoecious or dioecious by abortion
    Leaves
    Leaves basically opposite, but one leaf of each pair is either reduced or early falling, thus the plants appear to have alternate leaves; lamina very unequal-sided at base, entire, crenate or serrate, rather fleshy; stipules intrapetiolar, fused to the apex
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences small pedunculate clusters; ♀ inflorescences capitate, with a fleshy subglobose receptacle on short fleshy peduncles, in the axils of fallen leaves
    Flowers
    Male flowers 4–5-merous; rudimentary ovary present, obovoid Female flowers 4–5-merous, with very short perianth; ovary straight, exceeding the perianth; stigma sessile, penicillate
    Male
    Male flowers 4–5-merous; rudimentary ovary present, obovoid
    Female
    Female flowers 4–5-merous, with very short perianth; ovary straight, exceeding the perianth; stigma sessile, penicillate
    Fruits
    Achene ovate, partly covered by the fleshy persistent perianth.
    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, often epiphytic or epilithic, monoecious or dioecious by abortion; stems juicy or succulent.
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous, opposite and heteromorphous with one leaf of each pair reduced in size, or leaves apparently alternate with one in each pair completely reduced; lamina crenate or serrate, rather fleshy, penninerved, with linear cystoliths.
    Stipules
    Stipules intrapetiolar, fused.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unisexual, in the axils of existing or fallen leaves; male flowers in small pedunculate glomerules; female inflorescences capitate with fleshy receptacles on short fleshy peduncles.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile with a persisting perianth of 4–5 free tepals; ovary erect, symmetrical, with a penicillate stigma. Male flowers pedicellate, pentamerous (rarely tetramerous), with a rudimentary pistillode.
    Fruits
    Achene ovoid, surrounded at the base by the accrescent perianth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Venezuelan Antilles

    Procris Comm. ex Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Malaysia K001132552

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 283.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.F.P. 2: 184 (1967)
    • H. Schroeter in F.R. 45: 179–192 & 257–300 (1938)
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 109 (1888)
    • G.P. 3: 386 (1880)
    • Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0