Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical coasts.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cymodoceaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Submerse aquatic herbs; rhizome creeping, monopodial, with many vascular bundles; each node with 1 or more unbranched or slightly branched roots and ashort erect stem bearing 2– 3 leaves; scales scarious, ovate, acute
Morphology Leaves
Leaf with broad sheath persisting longer than blade, bi-auriculate, ligulate, scars open; blade subulate with single central and several pericentral vascular bundles and 6– 8 air channels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cymose; flower enclosed by reduced leaf with inflated sheath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Staminate flower stalked, of 2 anthers, dorsally connate at lower end, attached at same height Pistillate flower sessile, of 2 free ovaries, each with short style and stigmas
sex Male
Staminate flower stalked, of 2 anthers, dorsally connate at lower end, attached at same height
sex Female
Pistillate flower sessile, of 2 free ovaries, each with short style and stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit quadrangular in cross-section, with inconspicuous dorsal ridge; pericarp stony.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomes creeping, herbaceous, bearing at each node 1–3 branched roots and an erect leafy shoot arising from the axil of the scale; internodes with prominent annular open leaf scars
Morphology General Shoots
Erect shoots usually unbranched with short internodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath ligulate, persisting longer than the blade; blade subulate, succulent, often narrowed at the base and minutely toothed at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in distinct cymose inflorescences terminating an erect shoot, each flower enclosed in a sheathing bract resembling the foliage leaves but with a shorter sheath and gradually decreasing in size towards the top of the inflorescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower sessile, each carpel with 2 slender styles Male flower shortly stalked, with dorsally united anthers without apical processes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid or obovoid, with a fleshy exocarp, a persistent stony endocarp and a short beak.
Distribution
Genus consisting of two distinct but closely related species, one widespread in the Indo-Pacific, the other in the western tropical Atlantic.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Borneo, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Florida, Gulf States, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Palestine, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen

Syringodium Kütz. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in R.F.Hohenacker, Alg. Mar. Exsicc. 9: 426 (1860)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by G. Sartoni [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dandy & Tandy in J.B. 77: 114– 116 (1939)
  • Hartog, Sea-grasses of the World: 176 (1970)
  • in Hohenacker, Meeralgen 9: 426 (1860)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0