1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Abelmoschus Medik.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa to Madagascar, S. China, Tropical Asia to N. Queensland.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves palmately lobed or divided (rarely almost entire).
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary or in terminal racemes by reduction of the upper leaves.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 6–numerous filiform or linear bracteoles or much reduced and very caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx thin, splitting laterally, circumscissile, slightly joined to the base of the corolla and deciduous with it.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube as in Hibiscus.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular, loculi pluriovulate; style not manifestly branched, with 5 sessile or subsessile capitate stigmas.
    Fruits
    Capsule elongated, oblong or ellipsoid.
    Seeds
    Seeds with minute stellate hairs and sometimes also pilose.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves usually palmately 3–5-lobed; stipules subulate or linear, deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in terminal pseudoracemes due to reduction of the leaves
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx lobes 4–16, free or basally connate, persistent or deciduous
    Calyx
    Calyx adnate to corolla, spathaceous, irregularly splitting into 2–5 lobes or teeth during anthesis, circumscissile at base, falling together with the corolla
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pinkish or yellow with purple centre
    Stamens
    Staminal column with anthers all over
    Ovary
    Ovary pubescent, 5-locular, each locule with many ovules
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong-ellipsoid or fusiform-cylindrical, loculicidally dehiscent, remaining attached to receptacle
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, glabrous or hairy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Peru, Puerto Rico, Romania, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Ukraine, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Abelmoschus Medik. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Malvenfam.: 45 (1787)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Malv.-Fam.: 45 (1787).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Blumea 1 14: 89–105 (1966)
    • Malven-Fam.: 45 (1787)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0