1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Canastra Morrone, Zuloaga, Davidse & Filg.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 40-80 cm long. Culm-nodes constricted. Ligule a ciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex awned. Upper glume oblong; coriaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume awned; 1 -awned.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; coriaceous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma linear; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea hyaline; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Canastra Morrone, Zuloaga, Davidse & Filg. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Novon 11: 429 (2001)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga F.O., Salariato D.L. & Scataglini A. (2018). Molecular phylogeny of Panicum s. str. (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) and insights into its biogeography and evolution PLoS ONE 13(2, e0191529): 1-39.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0