1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Eleocharis R.Br.
      1. Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) J.Presl & C.Presl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical to N. America.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: India, König s.n. (LD, holo.)
    Habit
    Dwarf annual.
    Culms
    Culms often curved, dark vivid green, 1–12(–30) cm tall, filiformrounded, 0.2–0.3 mm thick.
    Leaf sheaths
    Sheaths 2 above the prophyll, the lower usually dark red or purple and truncate, the upper paler and with attenuate apex.
    Roots
    Root system slender
    Spikelets
    Spikelet ovoid, 2–8 × 1–2 mm, the lower glumes often deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence bract lacking.
    Glume
    Glumes all fertile, spreading at maturity, dark reddish brown or purple with green midrib, ± 1 mm long, obtuse, sometimes with paler margin.
    Perianth
    Perianth bristles 4–5, shorter than the nutlet and barbellate, or quite often absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3.
    Anthers
    Anther 0.4–0.5 mm long
    Style
    Style branches 2
    Fruits
    Nutlets shiny black or blackish brown when mature, broadly ovoid, flattened, ± 0.5 × 0.4 mm, smooth and shiny; appendage minute, greyish
    Figures
    Fig. 8, p45
    Ecology
    Seasonal pools and seepage areas, rice paddies, shallow pools over rock, seasonally flooded grassland, pond and lake edges; may be locally common and sometimes even matforming; 0–1600 m
    Note
    Svenson has as combining author Kunth, Enum. 2: 151 (1837), but Presl made a proper combination, mentioning both basionym and protologue.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 U3 K4 K7 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Range: Nigeria to Sudan and Ethiopia, and south to Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana; widespread in the tropics and subtropics of the Old and New World
    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Slender tufted annual with clusters of capillary stems up to 15 cm. high
    Inflorescences
    Spikelets ovate, obtuse; with green-keeled glumes and
    Fruits
    Black or red achenes
    Ecology
    Damp grassy places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, British Columbia, Burkina, California, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, India, Iowa, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Carolina, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Italy, Switzerland

    Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) J.Presl & C.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19126], Bahia K000189235
    Mar 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [21434], Bahia K000189234
    Mar 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [21434], Bahia K000189233
    Feb 15, 1898 Heller, A.A,. [1851], Texas K000881817
    Apr 1, 1887 Kotschy [129], Sudan K000416632 isolectotype
    Apr 1, 1887 O'Shanesy [s.n.], Queensland K000881841
    Bidgood, S. [6110], Tanzania K000468315
    Reverchon, J. [1672], Texas K000881815
    Chapman, A.W. [s.n.], Florida K000881816
    Thomas, E. [1611], Switzerland Eleocharis lereschii K000974003
    Leresche, L.F.J.R. [s.n.], Switzerland Eleocharis lereschii K000974005
    Muret, J. [13], Switzerland Eleocharis lereschii K000974006
    Muret, J. [s.n.], Switzerland Eleocharis lereschii K000974007
    Rota, L. [s.n.], Italy Eleocharis lereschii K000974004

    First published in Reliq. Haenk. 1: 196 (1828)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Douglas, G.W., Meidinger, D. & Penny, J.L. (2002). Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia, ed. 2: 1-358. Province of British Columbia.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 364 (1967).
    • Svenson in Rhodora 31: 227, t. 49 (1929)
    • F.T.A. 8: 407
    • Rel. Haenk. 1: 196 (1828)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 6: 405, fig. 212.24 (1997).
    • Fl. Somalia 4: 106, fig. 62/d-f (1995)
    • Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 72, fig. 104, 105 (1983)
    • Rhodora 31: 227 (1929)
    • F.T.A. 8: 407 (1902)
    • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 627 (1895)
    • Reliq. Haenk. 1: 196 (1828)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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