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  1. Family: Araliaceae Juss.
    1. Polyscias J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Pacific.


    Araliaceae, J. R. Tennant. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 0

    Leaves petiolate, more than once pinnately compound or pari- or imparipinnate, glabrous or pubescent with simple or stellate hairs Leaflets simple with margin generally either entire or nearly so, or sometimes pinnately compound or pinnatisect
    Stipules present or absent
    Inflorescences paniculate, glabrous to densely tomentose, sometimes branching in a very orderly racemose manner (species 1–3); ultimate branches (pedicels) arranged in racemules or umbellules; pedicels (except in P. stuhlmannii var. inarticulata) articulate just below the flower
    Flowers with calyx-margin repando-5-dentate to subentire
    Petals 5
    Stamens 5
    Disk nearly flat, slightly convex or conically raised
    Ovary bilocular or (in P. stuhlmannii) 5-locular; styles 2, connivent at base, or (in P. stuhlmannii) 5, free or nearly so
    Fruit laterally compressed or practically terete
    Seeds laterally compressed, ellipsoidal, fluted or smooth; endosperm non-ruminate.

    Araliaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Trees, often tall and with noticeably regular branching.
    Leaves petiolate, pinnately compound (bipinnate outside our area), glabrous to densely tomentose with stellate (or simple) hairs. Leaflets simple (or divided in species outside our area), more or less entire.
    Inflorescence paniculate, regularly compound, racemosely branched in species of our area, the ultimate divisions of racemules or umbellules.
    Calyx forming a shallow cup, subentire or shallowly 5-toothed.
    Petals and stamens 5; stylopodium not well developed.
    Ovary 2-locular (sometimes 5-locular in other areas); styles 2 (or 5), divergent for nearly all their length.
    Fruit terete (or slightly compressed).
    Seeds rounded or laterally compressed, ellipsoid, smooth or sometimes ribbed; endosperm non-ruminate.



    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Christmas I., Cook Is., Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Leeward Is., Line Is., Marshall Is., Myanmar, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Venezuelan Antilles

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Polyscias J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Du Puy, B. [MB216], Madagascar 57371.000
    Wheatley, J.I. [686], Vanuatu 55000.000
    DuPuy, B. [MB 513], Madagascar 63269.000
    DuPuy, B. [MB 504], Madagascar 63569.000


    First published in Char. Gen. Pl.: 63 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Lowry II, P.P. & Plunkett, G.M. (2010). Recircumscription of Polyscias (Araliaceae) to include six related genera, with a new infrageneric classification and a synopsis of species Plant Diversity and Evolution 128: 55-84.
    • Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 3, 8: 43 (1894).
    • Char. Gen. 63 (1776)

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • emend. Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 3, 8: 43 (1894).
    • Char. Gen. Pl.: 63, t. 32 (1776)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • emend. Harms in E. & P. Pf. 3 (8): 43 (1894)
    • Char. Gen.: 63, t. 32 (1776)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.