1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cinna L.
      1. Cinna bolanderi Scribn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central California.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms 8-200 cm long; 1.8-3 mm diam.; 4-8 -noded. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3.5-7 mm long. Leaf-blades 15-25 cm long; 2-19 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; dense, or loose; 7.5-43 cm long; 3-18 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; whorled at most nodes. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; (3.6-)4-5.5(-6.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; (3.6-)4-5.5(-6.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; (3.2-)3.5-5.2(-6) mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; (3.6-)4-5.5(-6.3) mm long; 1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or distinct. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; (2.7-)3.2-4.6 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0.2-1.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 2.7-3.8 mm long; 2 -veined; 2-keeled. Palea keels approximate. Rhachilla extension 0.4-0.9 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2; 1.2-2.6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; 2-2.9 mm long. Endosperm liquid.
    Distribution
    North America: southwest USA.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Brandenberg 2000.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    California

    Cinna bolanderi Scribn. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 36: 290 (1884)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0