1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pariana Aubl.
      1. Pariana maynensis Huber

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to N. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long; 5 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Culm-nodes swollen. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 5 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.7-0.8 cm long. Leaf-blades elliptic; 30-35 cm long; 60-90 mm wide; mid-green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Synflorescence on a separate leafless culm. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; multilateral; 8-10 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Rhachis internodes linear. Sexes mixed (in a cluster at each node). Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 5 in a cluster. Involucre composed of imperfect spikelets; with pedicels forming a cup; oblong. Pedicels fused to each other; united along margins; oblong; flattened; 3-4 mm long; ciliate; hairy at base; tip rectangular.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 7 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Stigmas 2.
    Spikelets
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 9-10 mm long; glabrous. Male spikelet glumes 2; linear; 7-8 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 9-10 mm long; 1 -veined; without cross-veins. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 9-10 mm long; glabrous. Male spikelet glumes 2; linear; 7-8 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 9-10 mm long; 1 -veined; without cross-veins.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
    Reference
    Parianeae. Tutin 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Colombia, Panamá, Venezuela

    Pariana maynensis Huber appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bol. Mus. Goeldi Hist. Nat. Ethnogr. 4: 526 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0