1. Family: Montiaceae Raf.
    1. Genus: Montia L.
      1. Montia fontana L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subalpine & Temp. to Andes Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Slender straggling herb with weak, branching stems, forming loose mats in water or more compact cushions on land.
    Leaves
    Leaves spatulate, narrowed to a petiole-like, sheathing base, 5–15 mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, subacute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme subtended by a hyaline bract, often appearing lateral through the subsequent growth of an overtopping branch; pedicels to 12 mm long. Flowers inconspicuous, 2–3 mm wide; sepals very broadly obovate, their margins widely overlapping, 1.5–2 mm long, truncate; petals white, spatulate, hooded, connate into a short basal tube, unequal, 2 outer petals slightly larger and alternating with 3 smaller inner petals; stamens 3, adherent to the 3 shorter petals, included within the flower; ovary with 3 ovules, style very short.
    Fruits
    Capsule angular-rotund, narrowed below, slightly exceeding the persistent calyx; seeds 1 mm long, glossy reddish-black, testa cells slightly domed.
    Figures
    Fig. 4 (p. 27).
    Habitat
    Shallow water and wet banks of streams, sometimes floating, and in boggy ground in high bamboo forest and afroalpine moorland on mountains; 3000–4600 m
    Distribution
    K4 T2 U2 Ethiopia, E Congo (Kinshasa)north temperate regions, tropical mountains and in SE Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Japan

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bolivia, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Heard-McDonald Is., Iceland, Idaho, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kamchatka, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Macquarie Is., Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Marion-Prince Edward, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Montana, Morocco, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Peru, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rwanda, Sakhalin, South Georgia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Venezuela

    Montia fontana L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lewis, R. [248], Falkland Is. K000649043
    Suksdorf, W. [10697], Washington Montia humilis K000641727 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1969 Suksdorf, W. [9160], Washington Montia hallii K000641729 isotype
    Gay, C. [s.n.], Chile Calandrinia pusilla K000424675

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Lustyk, P. & Doležal, J. (eds.) (2018). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae - XVI Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 53: 31-112.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Montesinos Tubée, D.B. (2012). Lista anotada de nuevas adiciones para la flora andina de Moquegua, Perú Revista Peruana de Biologia 19: 307-316.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2005). A checklist of the native vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): New information on the species present, their ecology, status and distribution Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 115-148.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Siberia 6: 1-301. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Gremmen, N.J.M. (1982). The vegetation of the Subantarctic islands Marion and Prince Edward: 1-149. Dr W. Junk publishers. The Hague, Boston, London.
    • Chastain, A. (1961). La flore et la végétation des Iles Kerguelen Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 11: 1-136.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Montesinos Tubée, D.B. (2012). Lista anotada de nuevas adiciones para la flora andina de Moquegua, Perú Revista Peruana de Biologia 19: 307-316.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2005). A checklist of the native vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): New information on the species present, their ecology, status and distribution Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 115-148.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Siberia 6: 1-301. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Gremmen, N.J.M. (1982). The vegetation of the Subantarctic islands Marion and Prince Edward: 1-149. Dr W. Junk publishers. The Hague, Boston, London.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Chastain, A. (1961). La flore et la végétation des Iles Kerguelen Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 11: 1-136.
    • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 65 (1994).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 75, 268 (1957).
    • Walters in Watsonia 3: 1–6 (1953).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0