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  1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhynchospora Vahl
      1. Rhynchospora brevirostris Griseb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Mexico to Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 450 m.; Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Slender annual
    Inflorescences
    Stems about 15 cm. high having small clusters of spikelets along their length
    Ecology
    Rice-fields and other damp places, not common.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: Cuba W, Wright 3431 (GOET, holo.)
    Habit
    Annual, slender, with minute rootsystem, up to 20 cm high.
    Culms
    Culms trigonous, 6–11 cm long, ± 0.5 mm wide, glabrous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a slender panicle.
    Leaves
    Leaves subtending the primary branches 2–3.3 cm long, 0.3–0.7 mm wide. Leaf blade linear, 4.2–10.2 cm long, 0.3–1.2 mm wide, glabrous, apex acuminate Leaf sheaths green to brown, 0.7–2.5 cm long. Leaves up to 12 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–4 per cluster, spaced out over the panicle, lanceolate-ovoid, 3.8–4.3 mm long, 1–1.4 mm wide.
    Glume
    Glumes ± 7 per spikelet, successively larger towards the apex, golden brown, ovate, 2.3–3.7 mm long, 1.2–1.4 mm wide, keel one-veined, ending in an awn, awn scabrid
    Perianth
    Perianth segments absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 2: filaments ± 2 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers ± 0.4–0.5 mm long
    Fruits
    Nutlet golden with a grey centre to grey-black, shiny, broadly ovoid, 1.5–1.8 mm long, 1–1.3 mm wide, smooth.
    Style
    Style-base depressed conic, narrower than the nutlet Style with 2 branches
    Ecology
    Seasonally wet soil, often on laterite outcrops; 950–1000 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habit.
    Note
    A very slender and small annual. Superficially it looks like R. perrieri, but is recognized by its smooth nutlet with small inconspicuous style-base, and slightly smaller spikelets.
    Distribution
    Range: Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Botswana; tropical America Flora districts: T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Rhynchospora brevirostris Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [26259], Bahia K000189452
    Oct 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [22101], Bahia K000189477
    Hunt, D.R. [3834], Brazil K001179838
    Barter [1010] K000244813 holotype
    Pringle, C.G. [11207], Mexico Rhynchospora clarkei K000632395
    Pringle, C.G. [2319], Mexico Rhynchospora clarkei K000632396

    Bibliography

    First published in Cat. Pl. Cub.: 246 (1866)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Rhynchospora berteroi.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 360 (1967).
    • Robinson in Kirkia 1: 39 (1961)
    • Kük. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 75: 286 (1950)
    • Cat. Pl. Cuba 246 (1866)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 316 (1983).
    • Cat. Pl. Cub. 246 (1866)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/