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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Plants usually dichotomously branched and with stilt-roots; trunk with prominent ring-like leaf-scars
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basically arranged in 3 rows which are twisted so that the leaves appear conspicuously spirally arranged; margins and undersides of midrib spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens in elongate spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers aggregated into large spherical or oblong heads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 1-ovulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a cone-like head of drupes or clusters of partly fused drupes..
Distribution
About 600 species in the Old World tropics, poorly represented in Africa.
Vernacular
“Screw-pines” (English).

[FTEA]

Pandanaceae, H.J. Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Trees with candelabra-like branching and spiny adventitious roots; stem with almost annular scars of leaf-bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with acute or attenuate apex, armed with small spines on margins, midrib beneath and sometimes on the twin lateral ventral pleats; midrib keeled beneath; secondary longitudinal veins numerous and clearly visible; tertiary transverse veins visible or obscure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, capitate or spicate; bracts armed on the margins and sometimes on the midrib beneath, the lower peduncular ones green and attenuate at the apex, the more distal ones coloured and acute; flowers sessile, without a perianth
sex Male
Male flowers in spicately arranged spadices; stamens many; filaments free or connate; anthers 2-thecous, oblong or linear, apiculate or obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers in spicate or racemosely arranged bracteate spadices, or in a solitary spadix, without staminodes Male flowers in spicately arranged spadices; stamens many; filaments free or connate; anthers 2-thecous, oblong or linear, apiculate or obtuse
sex Female
Female flowers in spicate or racemosely arranged bracteate spadices, or in a solitary spadix, without staminodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovaries free or connate, each with a solitary ovule; placenta sub-basal but parietal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit woody or drupaceous, ovoid, ellipsoid or spherical, often somewhat trigonous; carpels with a ± free stigma-remnant (pileus), this pyramidal, rounded or almost flat and only separated from other carpel-tips by sulci; style absent or vestigial; stigma (in species of Flora area) rounded-cordate to hippocrepiform or reniform, ± as long as broad, plane to oblique or sometimes vertically oriented, the basal groove adaxial (in 1-locular drupes) or centroscopic (in more-locular phalanges); pericarp thin, glabrous; upper mesocarp fibrous and with spongy pith, with several hollows; lower mesocarp fibrous-fleshy; endocarp thinly ligneous to thick and bony, whitish to dark brown, each locule furnished with a ‘tube’ of fibers running upward to the underside of the stigma, and a basal opening (through which germination occurs)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed erect, the testa membranous; placenta lateral, slightly fibrous; endosperm firm.

Doubtfully present in:

Benin

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Ascension, Bermuda, Chagos Archipelago, Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Windward Is., Yemen

Pandanus Parkinson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mauritius 21979.000
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [946 B], Solomon Is. 7744.000
Johns, R.J. [10417], Indonesia 70088.000
Grimes [1137] 58897.000
Utteridge, T.M.A. [103], New Guinea 29047.989
Willis, F.R. [107], Indonesia 64456.000
Takeuchi, W. [18918], Papua New Guinea K000526373
McGregor, R.C. [11289], Philippines K000781729
Merrill, E.D. [9361], Philippines K000781724
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8590], Malaysia Pandanus K001125926
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 9124], Myanmar Pandanus K001132243

First published in J. Voy. South Seas: 46 (1773)

Accepted by

  • Beentje, H. (1993). Pandanaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-7.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 127.
  • Suppl. 64 (1781)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Warburg in E.P. IV. 9: 43 (1900)
  • Journ. Voyage South Seas: 46 (1773)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0