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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cestrum L.
      1. Cestrum nocturnum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Venezuela.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: “Jamaica, Chilli”, Baeck s.n., Herb. Linn. 258.1 (LINN!, lecto.) designated by Deb, J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 1: 36 (1980) [see also Jarvis, Order out of Chaos: 406 (2007)]
    Habit
    Shrubs, sub-shrubs or small trees 1–4 m high, often evergreen.
    Stem
    Stems light green, much-branched, spreading, occasionally arched; young stems pilose with simple spreading multicellular eglandular hairs, later glabrescent, stalked glands usually present throughout
    Leaves
    Leaves light to dark green, oblong-lanceolate, 5.5–9.6(–15) × 2.1–3.4(–5.3) cm, bases cuneate and often decurrent to stem, margins entire, apices acute to acuminate, both surfaces glabrescent but with stalked glands especially on the veins and midribs, membranaceous; pseudostipules usually present; petioles 0.8–1.2(–1.4) cm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences complex leafy axillary and terminal panicles or racemes, often spicate, up to 10 cm long; axes shortly pilose; flowers delicate with strong nocturnal fragrance; bracts ligulate, 1.5–2.5 mm long, glabrescent to shortly pilose, some hairs glandular; pedicels usually erect, 0.5–2.5 mm long, terminating in distinct abscission layer, glabrescent with short stalked glands
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular/cupulate, light green, 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, lobes equal or unequal, triangular, 0.5–0.8 × 0.7–1.3 mm, acute, glabrescent with ciliate margins
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream, yellow or green, infundibuliform or tubular, 1.8–2.6 cm long and 6–10 mm diameter apically; tube usually cylindrical, 1.5–2 cm long, glabrous externally and internally; lobes acute or obtuse, narrowly triangular, usually spreading after anthesis, 3–5 × 1.2–3 mm, with densely pilose marginal bands externally, often inrolled (induplicate)
    Stamens
    Stamens usually equal, with anthers exserted; filaments free for 1–3 mm, curved inwards with sparsely pilose geniculate simple or forked appendage up to 1.3 mm long at point of adnation; anthers brown, 0.6–0.8 × 0.5–0.7 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary green, globose or ovoid, 0.7–1.3 mm long, glabrous; disc greenish-white, cupulate, 1–1.3 mm broad; style (1.4–)1.7–2 cm long, usually exserted; stigma 0.7–1.1 mm broad. Berry white, globose to ovoid, 7–10 mm diameter
    Seeds
    Seeds 5–8 per berry, ovoid, prismatic, 3.5–4 mm long
    Figures
    Fig 1/11–12, p 11
    Ecology
    Occasional escape around villages, sawmills and arboreta; (?0–)1500–1650 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    With its fragrant flowers, this species is often planted for its night-time scent and is known as Queen- or Lady-of-the-Night or Night-blooming Jessamine. The flowers are probably pollinated by night-flying insects attracted to strongly fragrant white flowers. This species is also widely used as a medicinal, hedging and ornamental plant throughout the world, but has been implicated in fatal poisoning of horses.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 K4 T2 T3 T6 Z (fide U.O.P.Z.) Range: Native to West Indies or Central America, widely introduced and cultivated in the tropics and subtropics
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 200 - 2600 m.
    Distribution
    Naturalised in Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Shrub or tree.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 200 - 2600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, arbusto, arbolito
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Habit
    Erect or drooping, sometimes scandent or spreading, shrub or treelet up to 4 m, puberulous at tips of branchlets, otherwise ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves greenish-grey, long petiolate, subovate or oblong-elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, sub-undulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary and terminal, racemiform cymes often combined into very large, loose, leafy, paniculiform, terminal inflorescences, pedicellate or subsessile, strongly scented at night.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, slightly puberulous outside and inside; corolla yellow to greenish-white, to 25(28) mm long, slenderly infundibuliform; tube to 21(24) mm, slightly constricted at the throat, glabrous outside; limb with 5 ovate-lanceolate, acute or sub-acute lobes minutely puberulous outside and finely pubescent or tomentose at the margins; stamens inserted considerably above the middle of the corolla tube, geniculate and distinctly denticulate at the base, glabrous, with the filament ridges rather densely covered with longish hairs extending downwards to very near the base of the corolla tube; ovary subglobose, glabrous, on an obconic stipe; style 18.5 mm long, filiform, glabrous, somewhat exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit white, 7.5–10 mm long, ovoid-oblong or ellipsoid
    Note
    Common name: “Galán de Noche” or “Night-blooming Jessamine”.
    Distribution
    Originally from the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America, now commonly cultivated as a garden ornamental or as a hedge in the Old World. Zimbabwe Malawi
    [UPB]
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Malawi, Mauritius, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cestrum nocturnum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 14, 2013 Bartolomeu, J.G. [15303], Brazil K000964672
    Oct 14, 2013 Mexia, Y.E.J. [4184], Brazil K000964673
    Aug 5, 2003 Madulid et al. [27459], Philippines K000183309
    Jan 1, 2000 Pringle, C.G. [6831], Morelos K000585157 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 2000 Tuerckheim, H. von [7751], Guatemala K000585158 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 2000 Cooper, J.J. [5793], Costa Rica K000585160 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 2000 Thieme, C. [5367], Honduras K000585159 isosyntype
    Sellow, Brazil Cestrum multiflorum K000449009 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 191 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K., Rodríguez Delcid, D. & Olmedo Galán, P. (2016). Nova Silva Cuscatlantica. Parte 3: Angiospermae - Familias R a Z y Gymnospermae Englera 29(3): 1-356.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Hul, S. & Dy Phon, P. (2014). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 35: 1-93. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Beaman, J. & Anderson, C. (2004). The plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural History Publications (Borneo).
    • Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 1-590. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1988). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Hul, S. & Dy Phon, P. (2014). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 35: 1-93. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 1-590. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1988). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    • Craib, W.G. (1954). Florae Siamensis enumeratio 3(2): 1-81. Siam society, Bangkok, Thailand.
    • Merrill, E.D. (1923). An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants 3: 1-628. Bureau of Science, Manila.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 5: 105 (2006).
    • F.Z. 8(4): 10 (2005)
    • Solanaceae V: 114 (2001)
    • Fl. Egypt 6: 138 (1998)
    • Fl. Madagascar, Solanaceae: 18 (1994)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 187 (1949)
    • Candollea 7: 67 (1936)
    • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 631 (1852)
    • Sp. Pl.: 191 (1753)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0