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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Haematoxylum L.
      1. Haematoxylum campechianum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Honduras.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Bois Campeche, Bois de Campeche, Campeche, Campeche Wood, Campechier, Logwood, Palo Campeche, Palo De Tinta, Palo Negro, Patang, Tinta
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    A smallish tree.
    Leaves
    With closely veined obovate-emarginate or subtruncate leaflets (sometimes the lowest pair replaced by a pair of 1–2-jugate pinnae).
    Flowers
    Flowers rather small, yellow, in axillary racemes.
    Fruits
    Pods rather small, flattened and elliptic-oblong, opening down the middle of the valves.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Haematoxylum campechianum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 3, 2006 Hamilton, M.A. [547], Turks and Caicos Is. 65183.000
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [4723], Mexico K000661991
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [4660], Mexico K000661998
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [4824], Mexico K000661996
    Jan 1, 1993 Ucan, E. [3676], Mexico K000661994
    Jan 1, 1993 Estrada, E. [398], Mexico K000661997
    Dec 14, 1986 Gaumer, G.F. [646], Mexico K000680013
    Dec 14, 1986 Gentle, P.H. [1036], Belize K000680009
    Dec 14, 1986 Pennington, T.D. [9400], Mexico K000680021
    Dec 14, 1986 Pennington, T.D. [9542], Mexico K000680020
    Dec 14, 1986 Hummel, G. [5], Belize K000680008
    May 1, 1937 Baron, R. [6422], Madagascar K000232339 Unknown type material
    Hinds, R.B. [101??] K000680012
    Hughes, C.E. [1273], Guatemala 56052.000
    Hughes, C.E. [1273], Guatemala K000680010
    Hughes, C.E. [1273], Guatemala K000680011
    Hughes, C.E. [510], Mexico K000680015
    Hughes, C.E. [491], Mexico K000680016
    MACQUEEN, D.J. [475], Mexico K000680022
    Peck, M.E. [377], Belize K000680002
    Gentle, P.H. [652], Belize K000680003
    Menendez, F. [435], Mexico K000680014
    Pennington, T.D. [9204], Mexico K000680018
    Pennington, T.D. [9524], Mexico K000680019
    Martínez S., E.M. [3072], Mexico K000680017
    Carnevali, G. [4902], Mexico K000661999
    Carnevali, G. [4971], Mexico K000662000
    Carnevali, G. [4902], Mexico K000680001
    Durán, R. [1591], Mexico K000661992
    Méndez, M. [513], Mexico K000661993
    Hummel, G. [4], Belize K000680004
    Hummel, G. [3], Belize K000680005
    Hummel, G. [2], Belize K000680006
    Hummel, G. [1], Belize K000680007

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 384 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Ding Hou, Larsen, S & Larsen, K (1996). Flora Malesiana I, 12, 2:409-784. Caesalpiniaceae.
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Liogier, A. H. (1988). Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Proctor, G. R. (1984). Fl. Cayman Islands Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. XI
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Isely, D. (1975). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2) :1-228 Legum. of the U. S. : II.
    • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Backer, C. A. (1963). Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands
    • Dale, I. R. (1953). A descriptive list of the introduced trees of Uganda
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
    • Standley, P. C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946). Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5) :1-425 Leguminosae
    • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles
    • Bouton, L. (1857). Trans. Roy. Soc. Arts Mauritius n. s. 1:1-177 Medicinal plants...

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0