1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eremocaulon Soderstr. & Londoño
      1. Eremocaulon aureofimbriatum Soderstr. & Londoño

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1000-1100 cm long; 25-35 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement many; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent; hispid; hairy throughout; with dark brown hairs; auriculate; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 4-5 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed; 25-30 cm long. Leaves cauline; 9-16 per branch. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 18-23 cm long; 8-16 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty; 15-30 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-180 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-180 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 2-4 empty glumes; persistent; similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate; 15-22 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 10-20 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 20-25 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 24-29 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous; 14-18 -veined. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 10-12 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Eremocaulon aureofimbriatum Soderstr. & Londoño appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2003 Soderstrom, T.R. [2156], Brazil K000947826
    Jul 1, 2003 Soderstrom, T.R. [2156], Brazil K000947827
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderon, C.E. [2374], Bahia K000018901 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderon, C.E. [2374A], Bahia K000018907 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderon, C.E. [2374B], Bahia K000018908 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [2180], Brazil K000947824
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [2180], Brazil K000947825
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderón, C.E. [2374], Bahia K000433087 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderón, C.E. [2374], Bahia K000433085 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderón, C.E. [2374], Bahia K000433086 isotype

    First published in Amer. J. Bot. 74: 37 (1987)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0