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  1. Family: Dioscoreaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Dioscorea Plum. ex L.
      1. Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burkill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia.

    [FWTA]

    Dioscoreaceae, J. Miège. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    Spiny climber 30-40 ft. high
    Bulbils
    Lacking bulbils
    Tubers
    With numerous (up to 40) stalked edible tubers independent of each other.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 100 m.
    Habit
    Trepadora

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, East Himalaya, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Burkina, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Cuba, Fiji, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Maldives, Marianas, Mexico Central, Nansei-shoto, Nicobar Is., Niue, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Society Is., Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burkill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Hul, S. [MNS014], Cambodia K000062167
    Dec 1, 1983 Cuming, H. [781], Philippines K000098335 isotype
    Waterhouse, J.H.L. [971], Papua New Guinea K001144933
    Adams, C.D. [14979], Maldives K001142145
    Brass, L.J. [867], Papua New Guinea K001144934
    Williams, R.O. [s.n.], Grenada K001149152
    Henderson, M.R. [22841], Malaysia K001143052
    Whitmore, T.C. [724], Solomon Is. K001145192
    Wilder, G.P. [1162] K001145190
    Barber, C.A. [747 [?]], India K001142131
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142130
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142140
    Burkill, H.M. [296], Singapore K001143053
    Burkill, H.M. [300], Singapore K001143054
    Burkill, H.M. [298], Singapore K001143055
    Wilkin, P. [995], Thailand K001143645
    Hopkins, H.C.F. [2030], Papua New Guinea K001144935
    A.H.G. [s.n.], India K001142132
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [18914], Papua New Guinea K001144944
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [18914], Papua New Guinea K001144945
    Henry, A. [856], Taiwan K001141567
    Loher, A. [3805], Philippines K001144717
    Loher, A. [1897], Philippines K001144718
    Burkill, I.H. [300], Singapore K001142138
    Burkill, I.H. [286], Singapore K001142139
    Burkill, I.H. [292], Singapore K001143640
    Burkill, I.H. [293], Singapore K001143641
    Burkill, I.H. [288], Singapore K001143642
    Burkill, I.H. [290], Singapore K001143643
    Burkill, I.H. [288], Singapore K001143644
    Burkill, I.H. [274], Singapore K001144702
    Burkill, I.H. [284], Singapore K001144703
    Burkill, I.H. [276], Singapore K001144704
    Burkill, I.H. [280], Singapore K001144705
    Burkill, I.H. [280], Singapore K001144712
    Burkill, I.H. [276], Singapore K001144713
    Burkill, I.H. [294], Singapore K001144714
    Burkill, I.H. [284], Singapore K001144715
    Collins, D.J. [1045], Thailand K001143631
    Collins, D.J. [256], Thailand K001143633
    Thwaites [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001142135
    Lace, J.H. [4494], Myanmar K001142142
    Henty, E.E. [41948], Papua New Guinea K001144937
    Henty, E.E. [41951], Papua New Guinea K001144938
    Henty, E.E. [41952], Papua New Guinea K001144939
    Floyd, A.G. [3537], Papua New Guinea K001144932
    Rodin, R.J. [597], Guam K001145188
    Kiah [35416], Malaysia K001143050
    Beguin [2093], Indonesia K001144226
    Branderhorst [295], Indonesia K001144936
    Darnaedi, D. [D721], Indonesia K001144227
    McGregor, R.C. [392], Guam K001145189
    Irvine, F.R. [2579], Ghana K001145534
    Barthelat, F. [270], Mayotte K001148345
    Sulit, M.D. [17619], Philippines K001144709
    Sulit, M.D. [17619], Philippines K001144711
    Pooma, R. [4658], Thailand K001143646
    Seemann, B.C. [629], Fiji K001145191
    Wisse, C.A. [397], Indonesia K001144225
    Adduru, M. [134], Philippines K001144710
    Vogt, G.B. [BU-3], Myanmar K001142141
    Vogt, G.B. [BU-3], Myanmar K001142143
    Flynn, T. [3251], USA K001145193
    Yuncker, T.G. [9811], Niue K001145186
    Yuncker, T.G. [10094], Niue K001145187
    Mantor, A. [135941], Malaysia K001144228
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6421], Philippines K001144706
    Elmer, A.D.E. [10293], Philippines K001144716
    Cuming, H. [781], Philippines K000098334 isotype
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15387], Thailand K001143634
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9051], Thailand K001143636
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19863], Thailand K001143637
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20475], Thailand K001143639
    Kerr, A. [11021], Thailand K001143632
    Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001142137
    Frodin, D.G. [4321], Papua New Guinea K001144940
    Merrill, E.D. [677], Philippines K001144707
    Merrill, E.D. [202], Philippines K001144708
    Merrill, E.D. [4147], Philippines K001144719
    s.coll [18149] K001142134
    s.coll [s.n.] K001142144
    s.coll [280], Singapore K001143056
    s.coll [[296]], Singapore K001143057
    s.coll [278], Singapore K001143058
    s.coll [s.n.], Vietnam K001143635
    s.coll [1884], Thailand K001143638
    s.coll [7597], Indonesia K001144224
    s.coll [s.n.] K001144720
    s.coll [324], Seychelles K001148346
    s.coll [31923], Puerto Rico K001149153
    s.coll [26-21], Puerto Rico K001149154
    Frodin [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K001144941
    Frodin [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K001144942
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000913632
    Herb Rottlerianum [s.n.], India K001142133
    Herb Wright [s.n.] K001142136
    Hauiff, M. [641], Malaysia K001143051
    Rouillard, G. [17579], Mauritius K001148347

    Bibliography

    First published in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 1: 396 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Wilkin, P. & Thapyai, C. (2009). Flora of Thailand 10(1): 1-140. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Samanta, A.K. (2006). The genus Dioscorea L. in Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas - a census Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 30: 555-563.
    • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
    • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 77-82.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Miège, Contrib. Dioscoreac. 35 (1952).
    • Miège in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 28: 509 (1948)
    • Prain & Burkill in Ann Roy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 14: 80 (1936)
    • Knuth in Engl., Pflanzenr. Dioscoreac. 4, 43: 189 (1924)
    • in Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 1: 396 (1917)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0